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Power of Attorney Requirements by State 2024

Power of Attorney Requirements by State 2024

The power of attorney is a legal document that grants someone else the authority to act on your behalf in various matters, including financial, legal, and healthcare decisions. This delegated authority is crucial, especially in situations where the individual may become incapacitated or unable to make decisions independently.

Across different states in the United States, the requirements and regulations for establishing a power of attorney can vary significantly. However, there are some commonalities and key considerations to keep in mind:

  1. Durability: In many states, durability is not automatically presumed, meaning that additional language must be included in the power of attorney document to make it durable. This ensures that the authority granted to the agent remains valid even if the principal becomes incapacitated.
  1. Specific Powers: Some states require specific powers to be expressly granted in the power of attorney form. Without these specified powers, they are not assumed to have been granted. This specificity helps to clarify the scope of authority delegated to the agent.
  2. Legislation: Each state has its own set of statutes and regulations governing the creation and execution of powers of attorney. These laws outline the requirements for drafting, executing, and revoking power of attorney documents, ensuring consistency and legal validity.

Power of Attorney Requirements by State 2024

  • In states in which durability is not presumed, durability language must be included to create a durable power of attorney.
  • The column 'Specific Powers Form Needed' indicates states where legislation requires certain specific powers to be expressly granted in the Power of Attorney form. Otherwise, they are not assumed to have been granted.

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State
Legislation Based on UPOAA
UPOAA Legal Code
Presumption of Durability
Presumption of Durability Legal Code
Specific Powers Form Needed
Specific Powers Form Needed Legal Code
Springing POA Allowed
Springing POA Allowed Legal Code
Statutory Form
Statutory Form Legal Code
AlabamaYesAla. Code §§ 26-1a-101 to 26-1a-404YesAla. Code § 26-1A-104YesAla. Code § 26-1A-201YesAla. Code § 26-1A-109YesAla. Code § 26-1A-301
AlaskaNoAlaska Stat. Ann. §§ 13.26.600 to 13.26.680NoAlaska Stat. Ann. § 13.26.675YesAlaska Stat. Ann. § 13.26.645YesAlaska Stat. Ann. § 13.26.675YesAlaska Stat. Ann. § 13.26.645
ArizonaNoA.R.S. §§ 14-5501 to 14-5507NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. A.R.S. § 14-5501(A), (B)NoYesA.R.S. § 14-5501No
ArkansasYesArk. Code Ann. §§ 28-68-101 to 28-68-405YesArk. Code Ann. § 28-68-104YesArk. Code Ann. § 28-68-201(a)YesArk. Code Ann. § 28-68-109YesArk. Code Ann. § 28-68-301
CaliforniaNoCal. Prob. Code §§ 4000 to 4545NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. Cal. Prob. Code § 4124YesCal. Prob. Code § 4264YesCal. Prob. Code § 4129YesCal. Prob. Code § 4401
ColoradoYesColo. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 15-14-701 to 15-14-745YesColo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-14-704YesColo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-14-724(1)YesColo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-14-709YesColo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-14-741
ConnecticutYesConn. Gen. Stat. Ann. §§ 1-350 to 1-359YesConn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 1-350cYesConn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 1-351(a)YesConn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 1-350hYesConn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 1-352
DelawareNo12 Del. C. §§ 49A-101 to 49A-301NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. 12 Del. C. § 49A-104Yes12 Del. C. § 49A-201Yes12 Del. C. § 49A-109Yes12 Del. C. § 49A-301
District of ColumbiaYesD.C. Code §§ 21-2601.01 to 21-2604.03YesD.C. Code § 21-2601.04YesD.C. Code § 21-2602.01YesD.C. Code § 21-2601.09YesD.C. Code § 21-2603.01
FloridaNo§§ 709.2101 to 709.2402, Fla. Stat.NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. § 709.2104, Fla. Stat.YesYes, and each specific power must be separately initialed or signed to be validly authorized. § 709.2202(1), Fla. Stat.NoSpringing powers are generally ineffective other than: Powers executed before October 1, 2011 in certain circumstances (§ 709.2108(2), Fla. Stat). Military powers of attorney that are contingent on deployment (§ 709.2106(4), Fla. Stat.).No
GeorgiaYesO.C.G.A. §§ 10-6B-1 to 10-6B-81YesO.C.G.A. § 10-6B-4YesO.C.G.A. § 10-6B-40(a)(1)YesO.C.G.A. § 10-6B-9YesO.C.G.A. § 10-6B-70
HawaiiYesHRS §§ 551E-1 to 551E-63YesHRS § 551E-3(a)YesHRS § 551E-31(a)YesHRS § 551E-5YesHRS § 551E-51
IdahoYesIdaho Code §§ 15-12-101 to 15-12-403YesIdaho Code § 15-12-104YesIdaho Code § 15-12-201(1)YesIdaho Code § 15-12-109YesIdaho Code § 15-12-301
IllinoisNo755 ILCS 45/1-1 to 45/3-5Yes755 ILCS 45/2-5Yes755 ILCS 45/3-3(d)(3) and 45/3-4(n)Yes755 ILCS 45/2-4(a)Yes755 ILCS 45/3-3
IndianaNoInd. Code §§ 30-5-1-1 to 30-5-11-11YesInd. Code § 30-5-10-3(a)NoYesInd. Code § 30-5-4-2No
IowaYesIowa Code Ann. §§ 633B.101 to 633B.403YesIowa Code Ann. § 633B.104YesIowa Code Ann. § 633B.201(1)YesIowa Code Ann. § 633B.109(1)YesIowa Code Ann. § 633B.301
KansasNoK.S.A. 58-650 to 58-665NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. K.S.A. 58-652(a)YesK.S.A. 58-654(f)YesK.S.A. 58-652(e)No
KentuckyYesKRS § 457.010 to 457.260YesKRS § 457.040YesKRS § 457.245YesKRS § 457.090(1)No
LouisianaNoPower of attorney called a "mandate." La. Civ. Code. Ann. art. 2989 to 3034YesLa. Civ. Code. Ann. art. 3026YesLa. Civ. Code. Ann. art. 2997Code is silent, but generally understood to be permitted. Typically called a "conditional power of attorney."No
MaineYes18-C M.R.S.A. §§ 5-901 to 5-963Yes18-C M.R.S.A. § 5-904Yes 18-C M.R.S.A. § 5-931Yes18-C M.R.S.A. § 5-909(1)No
MarylandYesMd. Code Ann., Est. & Trusts §§ 17-101 to 17-204YesMd. Code Ann., Est. & Trusts § 17-105(c)YesMd. Code Ann., Est. & Trusts §§ 14.5-602(e), 17-202, and 17-203YesMd. Code Ann., Est. & Trusts § 17-111(a)YesMd. Code Ann., Est. & Trusts §§ 17-202 and 17-203
MassachusettsNoM.G.L. c. 190B §§ 5-501 to 5-507 UPOAA introduced.NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. M.G.L. c. 190B § 5-501(a)NoYesM.G.L. c. 190B § 5-501(a)No
MichiganNoMCL §§ 700.5501 to 700.5505NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. MCL § 700.5501(1)YesMCL §§ 700.5501(3)(d), (e)YesMCL § 700.5501(1)NoHowever, there is a statutory form of acknowledgement that the agent is required to sign before exercising the agent's authority. MCL § 700.5501(4)
MinnesotaNoMinn. Stat. Ann. §§ 523.01 to 523.26NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. Minn. Stat. Ann. § 523.07YesMinn. Stat. Ann. § 523.23YesSpringing powers of attorney generally not allowed except that a power may be drafted so that it becomes effective on the principal's incapacity. Minn. Stat. Ann. § 523.07YesMinn. Stat. Ann. § 523.23
MississippiNoMiss. Code. Ann. §§ 87-3-1 to 87-3-17 and 87-3-101 to 87-3-113NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. Miss. Code. Ann. § 87-3-105NoYesMiss. Code. Ann. § 87-3-105No
MissouriNo§§ 404.700 to 404.737, RSMoNoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. § 404.705(1), RSMoYes§ 404.710(6), RSMoYes§ 404.714(8), RSMoNo
MontanaYesMont. Code. Ann. §§ 72-31-301 to 72-31-367YesMont. Code. Ann. § 72-31-304YesMont. Code. Ann. § 72-31-336YesMont. Code. Ann. § 72-31-309(1)YesMont. Code. Ann. § 72-31-353
NebraskaYesNeb. Rev. St. §§ 30-4001 to 30-4045YesNeb. Rev. St. § 30-4004YesNeb. Rev. St. § 30-4024(1)YesNeb. Rev. St. § 30-4009(1)YesNeb. Rev. St. § 30-4041
NevadaYesNRS §§ 162A.200 to 162A.660YesNRS § 162A.210YesNRS § 162A.450(1)YesNRS § 162A.260(1)YesNRS § 162A.620
New HampshireYesN.H. RSA §§ 564-E:101 to 564-E:403YesN.H. RSA § 564-E:104YesN.H. RSA § 564-E:201(a)YesN.H. RSA § 564-E:109(a)YesN.H. RSA § 564-E:301
New JerseyNoN.J.S.A. 46:2B-8.1 to 46:2B-19NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. N.J.S.A. 46:2B-8.2(b)YesN.J.S.A. 46:2B-8.13aSilentNo
New MexicoYesNMSA 1978, §§ 45-5B-101 to 45-5B-403YesNMSA 1978, § 45-5B-104YesNMSA 1978, § 45-5B-201(A)YesNMSA 1978, § 45-5B-109(A)YesNMSA 1978, § 45-5B-301
New YorkNoN.Y. Gen. Oblig. Law §§ 5-1501 to 5-1513YesN.Y. Gen. Oblig. Law § 5-1501A(1)YesN.Y. Gen. Oblig. Law §§ 5-1503 and 5-1513(h)YesN.Y. Gen. Oblig. Law § 5-1501B(3)(b)YesN.Y. Gen. Oblig. Law §§ 5-1503 and 5-1513
North CarolinaYesN.C.G.S. §§ 32C-1-101 to 32C-4-403YesN.C.G.S. § 32C-1-104YesN.C.G.S. § 32c-2-201(a)YesN.C.G.S. § 32C-1-109(a)YesN.C.G.S. § 32C-3-301
North DakotaNoN.D.C.C. §§ 30.1-30-01 (5-501) to 30.1-30-06NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. N.D.C.C. § 30.1-30-01 (5-501)NoYesN.D.C.C. § 30.1-30-01 (5-501)No
OhioYesOhio R.C. 1337.01 to 1337.10 and 1337.21 to 1337.64YesOhio R.C. 1337.24YesOhio R.C. 1337.42(A)YesOhio R.C. 1337.29(A)YesOhio R.C. 1337.60
OklahomaYesOkla. Stat. tit. 58, §§ 3001 to 3045YesOkla. Stat. tit. 58, § 3004YesOkla. Stat. tit. 58, § 3024YesOkla. Stat. tit. 58, § 3009YesOkla. Stat. tit. 58, § 3041
OregonNoOr. Rev. Stat. §§ 127.002 to 127.045YesOr. Rev. Stat. § 127.005(1)(c)NoYesOr. Rev. Stat. § 127.005(2)No
PennsylvaniaYesThe Pennsylvania power of attorney law is not referred to in Pennsylvania statutes as the Uniform Pennsylvania Power of Attorney Act and some parts of the Pennsylvania power of attorney law are substantially different from the corresponding UPOAA provisions. However, the Uniform Law Commission reflects Pennsylvania as a jurisdiction that has adopted the UPOAA. 20 Pa. C.S.A. §§ 5601 to 5614Yes20 Pa. C.S.A. § 5601.1Yes20 Pa. C.S.A. § 5601.4Yes20 Pa. C.S.A. § 5604(a)NoHowever, the principal must sign a statutory notice when creating a power of attorney and the agent must sign a statutory form of an acknowledgement before exercising the agent's authority. 20 Pa. C.S.A. § 5601
Rhode IslandNoR.I. Gen. Laws §§ 18-16-1 to 18-16-12YesR.I. Gen. Laws § 18-16-2NoYesStatutory form cannot be springing but a principal can create a springing power of attorney in Rhode Island by creating a non-statutory power of attorney. R.I. Gen. Laws § 18-16-2(c)YesR.I. Gen. Laws § 18-16-2
South CarolinaYesS.C. Code Ann. §§ 62-8-101 to 62-8-403YesS.C. Code Ann. § 62-8-104YesS.C. Code Ann. § 62-8-201YesS.C. Code Ann. § 62-8-109(a)No
South DakotaYesSDCL §§ 59-12-1 to 59-12-43NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. SDCL § 59-12-3YesSDCL § 59-12-23YesSDCL § 59-12-8YesSDCL § 59-12-41
TennesseeNoT.C.A. §§ 34-6-101 to 34-6-112NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. T.C.A. § 34-6-102NoYesT.C.A. § 34-6-102No
TexasYesTex. Est. Code Ann. §§ 751.001 to 752.115NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. Tex. Est. Code Ann. § 751.0021(a)(3)YesTex. Est. Code Ann. § 751.031YesTex. Est. Code Ann. § 751.0021(a)(3)YesTex. Est. Code Ann. § 752.051
UtahYesUtah Code §§ 75-9-101 to 75-9-403YesUtah Code § 75-9-104YesUtah Code § 75-9-201(1)YesUtah Code § 75-9-109(1)YesUtah Code § 75-9-301
VermontNo14 V.S.A. §§ 3501 to 3516NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. 14 V.S.A. § 3508(a)Yes14 V.S.A. §§ 3504(c) and (e)Yes14 V.S.A. §§ 3502(c) and 3508(b)No
VirginiaYesVa. Code Ann. §§ 64.2-1600 to 64.2-1642YesVa. Code Ann. § 64.2-1602YesVa. Code Ann. § 64.2-1622YesVa. Code Ann. § 64.2-1607(A)No
WashingtonYesRCW 11.125.010 to 11.125.903NoMust include durability language to create a durable power of attorney. RCW 11.125.040YesRCW 11.125.240YesRCW 11.125.040 and 11.125.090(1)No
West VirginiaYesW. Va. Code §§ 39B-1-101 to 39B-4-103YesW. Va. Code § 39B-1-104YesW. Va. Code § 39B-2-101(a)YesW. Va. Code § 39B-1-109(a)YesW. Va. Code § 39B-3-101
WisconsinYesWis. Stat §§ 244.01 to 244.64YesWis. Stat § 244.04YesWis. Stat § 244.41YesWis. Stat § 244.09(1)YesWis. Stat § 244.61
WyomingYesWyo. Stat. Ann. §§ 3-9-101 to 3-9-403YesWyo. Stat. Ann. § 3-9-104YesWyo. Stat. Ann. § 3-9-201YesWyo. Stat. Ann. § 3-9-109(a)YesWyo. Stat. Ann. § 3-9-301
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