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Prison Population by State 2022

The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world. This is despite the national incarceration rate being at its lowest in 20 years. About 25% of the world’s total prison population is in the United States, which holds about 2.19 million prisoners as of 2019 (1.38 million in federal and state prisons, 745,200 in jails). Mass incarceration in the United States has led to several problems. Among these are overcrowded prisons, which lead to increased health risks and decreased psychological well-being.

Additionally, the increasing number of prisoners puts a major strain on state budgets. State prisons spend as high as $69,355 per inmate (the average cost of an inmate in New York). Prisons control and administer all aspects of life for inmates, resulting in a long list of costly necessities. Costs include food, recreational activities, educational opportunities, adequate security, utility costs, infrastructure maintenance, and health care.

Mass incarceration in the United States is a civil rights issue. Many argue that incarceration dehumanizes poor people and minorities, damaging already marginalized communities, and does not increase public safety. Additionally, high recidivism rates show that incarceration is ineffective and harmful to offenders, their families, the victims, and law enforcement if an offender does time without proper counseling and assimilation back into their community. Many prisoners have difficulty reestablishing relationships, finding jobs, and staying away from criminal activity after being released.

The United States has about 437 prisoners per 100,000 people as of the end of 2019, a 2.6% drop from 2018. As of 2018, the imprisonment rate of black males was 5.8 times greater than that of white males, and the imprisonment rate of black females was 1.8 times greater than the of white females. New Hampshire, Vermont, Minnesota, Rhode Island, Maine, and Massachusetts have the lowest prison incarceration rates of under 200 per 100,000 people.

The ten states with the highest prison populations in the country are Texas (154,749), California (122,417), Florida (96,009), Georgia (54,113), Ohio (50,338), Pennsylvania (45,485), New York (43,439), Arizona (40,951), Illinois (38,259), and Michigan (38,053). In terms of imprisonment rate per 100,000 people, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Mississippi have the highest rates, 680, 639, and 636, respectively.

Here are the 10 states with the highest prison rates:

  1. Louisiana (684 per 100k)
  2. Mississippi (639 per 100k)
  3. Oklahoma (632 per 100k)
  4. Arkansas (582 per 100k)
  5. Arizona (536 per 100k)
  6. Kentucky (514 per 100k)
  7. Texas (513 per 100k)
  8. Georgia (495 per 100k)
  9. Idaho (452 per 100k)
  10. Florida (433 per 100k)

Prison Population by State 2022

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Prison Population by State 2022

State Imprisonment Rate (per 100K) Total Prison Population 2022 Pop.
Louisiana68431,5844,616,106
Mississippi63918,9152,961,536
Oklahoma63225,3384,007,179
Arkansas58217,7133,042,017
Arizona53640,9517,640,796
Kentucky51423,0824,487,233
Texas513154,47930,097,526
Georgia49554,11310,936,299
Idaho4528,5711,896,652
Florida43396,00922,177,997
Montana4324,7231,093,117
Ohio42950,33811,727,377
Wyoming4262,479582,233
Missouri42126,0386,184,843
South Dakota4213,797902,542
Virginia41836,0918,638,218
Alabama41620,5954,949,697
Delaware4154,141998,619
Nevada39612,8403,238,601
Indiana39426,9696,842,385
West Virginia3876,8001,755,715
Michigan38138,0539,995,212
Tennessee37626,3497,001,803
Wisconsin37622,0395,867,518
Pennsylvania35545,48512,805,190
Oregon34514,9434,325,290
South Carolina34218,2955,342,388
Kansas3419,9652,919,179
Colorado33219,7855,961,083
New Mexico3156,6342,109,093
California309122,41739,664,128
North Carolina30633,04210,807,491
Illinois30638,25912,518,071
Maryland30418,4766,075,314
Iowa2929,2603,174,426
Nebraska2855,5961,960,790
Alaska2471,782720,763
Connecticut2478,7513,546,588
Washington24319,1847,887,965
North Dakota2281,767774,008
New York22643,43919,223,191
Hawaii2173,0371,401,709
New Jersey21018,6138,870,685
Utah1986,6623,363,182
New Hampshire1952,6911,378,449
Vermont1831,137622,882
Minnesota1749,9825,739,781
Rhode Island1561,6561,062,583
Maine1451,9671,359,677
Massachusetts1087,5036,922,107

Prison Population by State 2022

Sources