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Texas
133.8K
California
101.4K
Florida
80.4K
Georgia
47K
Ohio
45K
Pennsylvania
37.2K
Arizona
33.9K
Michigan
32.2K
Virginia
30.4K
New York
30.3K
North Carolina
29K
Illinois
29K
Louisiana
26.1K
Alabama
25K
Indiana
25K
Missouri
23.4K
Oklahoma
22.4K
Tennessee
22K
Wisconsin
20.2K
Kentucky
18.6K
Mississippi
17.3K
Arkansas
17K
Colorado
15.9K
South Carolina
15.8K
Maryland
15.1K
Washington
13.7K
Oregon
13.2K
New Jersey
12.5K
Nevada
10.2K
Connecticut
9.9K
Idaho
8.9K
Iowa
8.6K
Kansas
8.5K
Minnesota
8K
Massachusetts
6.1K
Utah
5.9K
West Virginia
5.8K
Nebraska
5.6K
New Mexico
5.2K
Delaware
4.8K
Alaska
4.6K
Montana
4.3K
Hawaii
4.1K
South Dakota
3.4K
Rhode Island
2.2K
New Hampshire
2.1K
Wyoming
2.1K
North Dakota
1.7K
Maine
1.6K
Vermont
1.3K

Prison Population by State 2024

Prison Population by State 2024

The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world. This is despite the national incarceration rate being at its lowest in 20 years. About 25% of the world’s total prison population is in the United States, which holds about 1.21 million prisoners as of 2020, a 15% decrease since 2019. Mass incarceration in the United States has led to several problems. Among these are overcrowded prisons, which lead to increased health risks and decreased psychological well-being.

Additionally, the increasing number of prisoners puts a major strain on state budgets. State prisons spend as high as $69,355 per inmate (the average cost of an inmate in New York). Prisons control and administer all aspects of life for inmates, resulting in a long list of costly necessities. Costs include food, recreational activities, educational opportunities, adequate security, utility costs, infrastructure maintenance, and health care.

Mass incarceration in the United States is a civil rights issue. Many argue that incarceration dehumanizes poor people and minorities, damages already marginalized communities, and does not increase public safety. Additionally, high recidivism rates show that incarceration is ineffective and harmful to offenders, their families, the victims, and law enforcement if an offender does time without proper counseling and assimilation back into their community. Many prisoners have difficulty reestablishing relationships, finding jobs, and staying away from criminal activity after being released.

The United States has about 437 prisoners per 100,000 people as of the end of 2019, a 2.6% drop from 2018. As of 2018, the imprisonment rate of black males was 5.8 times greater than that of white males, and the imprisonment rate of black females was 1.8 times greater than that of white females. New Hampshire, Vermont, Minnesota, Rhode Island, Maine, and Massachusetts have the lowest prison incarceration rates of under 200 per 100,000 people.

The ten states with the highest prison populations in the country are Texas (1535,906), California (97,328), Florida (81,027), Georgia (47,141), Ohio (45,036), Pennsylvania (39,357), Arizona (37,731), New York (34,128), Michigan (33,617), and Virginia (31,838).

On the other end of the spectrum, the states with the lowest prison populations include Vermont, North Dakota, Maine, Wyoming, and Rhode Island.

Prison Population by State 2024

  • Total prisoners in the US in 2022 came to 1,205,087 (157,314 Federal, 1,047,773 State)
  • Per-100k values include four different categories: total (all ages and genders), males only, females only, and over 18 only.
  • Some states do not track every ethnicity and may merge certain locally uncommon ethnicities into a single category. For example, Kentucky combines all Asians, Native Hawaiians, and Other Pacific Islanders into the Other race category.

Download Table Data

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State
Total Prisoners 2022
Males 2022
Females 2022
Males per 100k 2022
Females per 100k 2022
Over 18 per 100k 2022
Change 2021-22
Change 2021-22 (%)
Per 100k 2022
White 2022
Black 2022
Hispanic 2022
Asian 2022
American Indian/Alaskan Native 2022
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 2022
Mixed Ethnicity 2022
Other Ethnicity 2022
Unknown Ethnicity 2022
Unreported 2022
Prisoners 2021
Males 2021
Females 2021
Prisoners 2020
Males 2020
Females 2020
Prisoners 2019
Female 2019
Male 2019
Texas133.8K123,26310,5098337160158594.4%45246,99545,03446,789557660019000139.6K128,26811,363135.9K125,54710,359158.4K13,642144,787
California101.4K97,5253,91648119319-3833-3.8%25019,62527,27344,4021,1591,1233083,718097.6K93,8763,732100.4K96,6293,767122.7K5,568117,119
Florida80.4K75,4045,0137154846642615.3%37733,50739,97810,79320921102707084.7K79,1545,52481K76,0125,01596K6,62889,381
Georgia47K43,9423,0688315856514293%43517,86628,4531,9941672300015048.4K45,1213,31847.1K44,0413,10054.8K4,01850,798
Ohio45K41,4433,586717614922840.6%38522,32819,6171,16182874831,55545.3K41,6553,65845K41,4083,62850.3K4,26646,072
Pennsylvania37.2K35,1822,012559323667161.9%29219,81317,841169280059037.9K35,7992,11139.4K37,1222,23545.7K2,81642,886
Arizona33.9K30,7943,12081279567-49-0.1%44612,6375,18713,3711641,86000566255533.9K30,7483,11737.8K34,1363,65842.4K4,40638,035
Michigan32.2K30,6211,565616334081880.6%32313,30015,750771108422281,2240771032.4K30,7081,66633.6K31,9131,70438.1K2,02936,024
Virginia30.4K28,1192,23858842397-3195-10.5%31211,57314,460957120320020027.2K25,3261,83631.8K29,4762,36236.1K3,00133,090
New York30.3K29,2331,105312121998102.7%1597,14215,3257,417216329518201031.1K29,9601,18834.1K32,8371,29143.5K1,92841,572
North Carolina29K26,8712,124508383416322.2%26812,18614,7831,79294582190029.6K27,3402,28729.5K27,3542,10734.1K2,68131,398
Illinois29K27,6701,310454233016542.3%2369,68715,9823,7011014105765029.6K28,1631,47129.7K28,3111,41838.3K2,26435,995
Louisiana26.1K24,8491,22511546177512224.7%5969,46017,714713512022027.3K25,8601,43627K25,7731,19131.6K1,68929,920
Alabama25K22,9152,1177495150013895.5%39012,24913,92405300240026.4K24,0532,36825.3K23,1662,16228.3K2,74925,555
Indiana25K22,3522,620635674523141.3%34915,2247,72497165488188411,01725.3K22,7562,53026.1K23,4172,63427.2K2,60424,576
Missouri23.4K21,3702,052700694894892.1%38115,1077,73555950925231623.9K21,7242,18723.1K21,1671,89526K2,40123,643
Oklahoma22.4K20,2162,17510211087375502.5%56311,3366,2821,911881,9433067531,23122.9K20,7092,23222.5K20,2752,18725K2,62422,409
Tennessee22K19,9032,0926176142717407.9%33413,2559,79757368411023.7K21,5182,21722.7K20,4152,27026.3K2,73423,615
Wisconsin20.2K18,9531,249582383946713.3%3119,1538,3122,168249985006020.9K19,5031,37020.3K19,0341,26424K1,55122,405
Kentucky18.6K16,4932,06777810056111846.4%43714,9584,13534401102453116419.7K17,4612,28318.6K16,5282,02423.1K2,90520,177
Mississippi17.3K16,1161,2161256100859247014.3%6617,79511,716206383700010019.8K18,2081,59417.6K16,3881,18919.4K1,38318,034
Arkansas17K15,5921,4301068907436033.5%5749,9136,9546175640190260017.6K16,2161,40916.1K14,7811,31317.8K1,57116,188
Colorado15.9K14,5991,2665224736313038.2%2887,9893,0455,192184622373506417.2K15,7661,40216.3K14,9481,31119.8K1,91917,866
South Carolina15.8K14,7211,038577413835593.5%3026,2719,45744423250980016.3K15,1551,16316.2K15,15999818.6K1,28117,327
Maryland15.1K14,616518500173225033.3%2523,46911,13676552701710622015.6K15,08655115.6K15,10551818.6K73117,864
Washington13.7K12,88878632520220980.7%1747,5882,3682,315599763005683013.8K12,95581715.7K14,6761,04819.3K1,63517,626
Oregon13.2K12,25294654843367-680-5.2%2959,2181,0991,610182371344012.5K11,60691212.8K11,83491915K1,22113,740
New Jersey12.5K12,05245426891741511.2%1372,8887,7381,8779960049012.7K12,23342412.8K12,36946118.6K70117,912
Nevada10.2K9,418784586544111021%3223,8103,2002,715213236121009010.3K9,45684811.2K10,27897112.8K1,23911,601
Connecticut9.9K9,254635329182136176.2%1703,0884,3562,96257430000010.5K9,7197879.6K9,02053912.8K94111,882
Idaho8.9K7,6681,2397821326032032.3%4606,6872921,34358341304859.1K7,8141,2968.4K7,2701,0869.4K1,3208,117
Iowa8.6K7,85970348045340-89-1%2645,3032,24063819096608.5K7,7557188.3K7,6166919.3K8398,443
Kansas8.5K7,793728534483811882.2%2924,8232,3381,23488225000108.7K7,9747358.8K8,01976010.2K9109,267
Minnesota8K7,546457281201956337.9%1514,0063,1364452118241408.6K8,0755618.1K7,68346510K6659,317
Massachusetts6.1K5,9491991857116-147-2.4%942,4221,7391,5761014212106K5,7772246.8K6,5641988.2K3017,904
Utah5.9K5,42948232226243981.7%1763,4544791,253643471610025106K5,5674425.4K5,0753736.7K5826,089
West Virginia5.8K5,22762059469413260.4%3314,93683653130440005.9K5,2606136K5,3936516.8K8215,979
Nebraska5.6K5,20040052737374490.9%2842,7951,60086047276563305.6K5,2723775.3K4,9273795.7K4285,254
New Mexico5.2K4,63551941944295-184-3.6%2311,3313433,092948223004005K4,4884825.5K4,9555456.7K6776,046
Delaware4.8K4,568242543163411443%2721,6172,99433261000405K4,6413134.7K4,4862245.7K3795,313
Alaska4.6K4,197442370222701393%2051,7404461212201,870423394.8K4,3224564.6K4,1594194.5K4264,049
Montana4.3K3,7026117001195223788.8%4143,2171121581,19311004.7K4,0266653.9K3,4574704.7K5484,175
Hawaii4.1K3,66943331730219471.1%174932192102633181,8121390257644.1K3,7114384.2K3,7444275.3K7564,523
South Dakota3.4K2,892461618114486912.7%3701,729273135181,271513003.4K2,9155293.3K2,8224283.8K5623,239
Rhode Island2.2K2,11512324581521556.9%124900728677322243102.4K2,2761172.2K2,138892.7K1572,583
New Hampshire2.1K1,97914827622182-41-1.9%1491,714154134480432902.1K1,9321542.4K2,1681842.7K2282,463
Wyoming2.1K1,85826563887475311.5%3691,6021012624176303302.2K1,9072472.1K1,8262612.5K3372,142
North Dakota1.7K1,489200391603001287.6%2309832231106490501.8K1,5842331.4K1,2391621.8K2091,585
Maine1.6K1,46611119720130986.2%1071,33317896412553121.7K1,5211541.7K1,5861282.2K1852,000
Vermont1.3K1,2048323815153735.7%1261,13615204181042701.4K1,2581021.3K1,200841.6K1241,484
United States0%1.1M1.3M95,5801,159,469
showing: 50 rows

Sources