Speed Cameras by State 2024

Washington, D.C.

Currently, there are more than 5,000 speed cameras in the American database. Getting around the country is a Herculean effort, but made that much easier with the availability of roads, highways, and interstate routes, which make getting around states, cities, and the entire nation a more realistic possibility. Of the entirety of the states and territories, Washington D.C. has the most traffic cameras in the country, and they are collected very densely within the metro area.

Washington is a peculiar case, as New York seems to be the contender for the most speed cameras in the country with the sheer number of the population concentrated within the NYC area. Washington has many traffic cameras and is known for its innovation, as they embed its cameras within certain stop signs instead of traffic lights. This innovation has brought forward a better opportunity for management and policing of the speeding rules. Washington, D.C. also has one of the highest speed limits, making it that much more difficult for residents to be caught.

New York

It is extremely difficult to get a sense of the number of speeding cameras in New York state, as they need to be kept secret in many different circumstances. If residents and travelers knew about the number and location of speed cameras, they would slow down just enough to avoid being caught - which does not resolve the issue altogether. The locations of the camera would need to be changed at many different times and places, which would be extremely costly and difficult to coordinate in the most populous states in the nation.

The New York City Department of Transportation will likely refuse to disclose the number and location of the speeding cameras, including if there are any innovations or tricks that the department has up its sleeve, but many agencies and residents have taken it upon themselves to try and figure out where the cameras will be beforehand and to report these to their network to save people from having to spend money on heavy speeding fines.

Maryland

Speeding cameras need to be placed in such a way that they are not seen and must be hidden in plain sight. it is not enough for cameras to be placed inconspicuously. The drivers themselves should not even know how they were caught in the act once a fine is sent or levied against them. Many places that may seem like a great spot for speeding cameras may be misleading, such as the stop signs in the case of Washington D.C. Although it is difficult to ascertain the number, the state of Maryland has adopted its own regular approach to speeding cameras.

Maryland's speeding camera locations change the most throughout their lifetime. Although this may sometimes be costly, the tactics have proved effective. Because travelers are unaware of where the speeding camera can be at all times, there have been fewer speeding incidents, especially within metropolitan areas given its proximity to Washington, DC.

Missouri

One of the most legally complex situations regarding speed cameras (and the related red-light cameras) occurs in Missouri. Speed cameras are technically legal in the state—in fact, a 2022 bill to prohibit them died in committee. However, decisions by the state Supreme Court have made tickets issued via speed cameras virtually unenforceable.

In particular, the Supreme Court took issue with two aspects of speed camera tickets. First, that they did not charge "points" to the driver's record, which all moving violations must do according to state law. Secondly, that they shifted the "burden of proof" and required the owner of the vehicle to prove their innocence (specifically that they weren't the person driving the car) rather than requiring the state to prove their guilt (that the owner was in fact driving the car). This created a "guilty until proven innocent" dynamic that the court deemed unconstitutional. As such, although speed cameras may still be in operation in various municipalities, any tickets issued through them are highly unlikely to hold up in court.

Speed Cameras by State 2024

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State
Red-Light Cams Permitted
RLC Authorizing Party
Speed Cam Permitted
SC Authorizing Party
AlabamaState lawState law and city ordinance
ArizonaState lawState law
ArkansasNone (No legal permission established)State law
ColoradoState lawState law and city ordinance
ConnecticutState lawState law
District of ColumbiaDistrict lawDistrict law
GeorgiaState lawState law
IllinoisState lawState law and city ordinance
IndianaNone (No legal permission established)State law
IowaCity ordinanceCity ordinance
LouisianaState lawState law and city ordinance
MarylandState lawState law and city ordinance
NevadaState lawState law
New MexicoState law and city ordinanceCity ordinance
New YorkState law and city ordinanceState law
OhioState law and city ordinanceState law
OregonState lawState law
PennsylvaniaState law and city ordinanceState law
Rhode IslandState lawState law
TennesseeState law and city ordinanceState law
VirginiaState law and city ordinanceState law
WashingtonState law and city ordinanceState law
AlaskaNone (No legal permission established)None (No legal permission established)
CaliforniaState lawNone (No legal permission established)
DelawareState lawNone (No legal permission established)
FloridaState lawNone (No legal permission established)
HawaiiState law and county ordinanceNone (No legal permission established)
IdahoNone (No legal permission established)None (No legal permission established)
KansasNone (No legal permission established)None (No legal permission established)
KentuckyNone (No legal permission established)None (No legal permission established)
MaineState law (prohibited)State law (prohibited)
MassachusettsNone (No legal permission established)None (No legal permission established)
MichiganNone (No legal permission established)None (No legal permission established)
MinnesotaNone (No legal permission established)None (No legal permission established)
MississippiState law (prohibited)State law (prohibited)
MissouriProhibited by Missouri's Supreme Courtm but still used in the city of Hannibal, Mo.Prohibited by Missouri's Supreme Court
MontanaState law (prohibited)None (No legal permission established)
NebraskaNone (No legal permission established)None (No legal permission established)
New HampshireState law (prohibited)State law (prohibited)
New JerseyNone (No legal permission established)State law (prohibited)
North CarolinaState law and city ordinanceNone (No legal permission established)
North DakotaNone (No legal permission established)None (No legal permission established)
OklahomaNone (No legal permission established)None (No legal permission established)
South CarolinaState law (prohibited except during emergency)State law (prohibited except during emergency)
South DakotaState law (prohibited)None (No legal permission established)
TexasState law (prohibited)State law (prohibited)
UtahNone (No legal permission established)State law (prohibited)
VermontNone (No legal permission established)None (No legal permission established)
West VirginiaState law (prohibited)State law (prohibited)
WisconsinNone (No legal permission established)State law (prohibited)
WyomingNone (No legal permission established)None (No legal permission established)
showing: 51 rows

Speed Cameras by State 2024

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State
Type of Violation
Legal Status
Where Permitted
In Place
Penalties
Other Provisions
AlabamaSpeedAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsYesMonetary fine ranging from $60 to $100 depending on the jurisdiction and speed above the limit; generally not included in criminal or driving recordNone
AlabamaRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsYesMonetary fine ranging from $60 to $110 depending on the jurisdiction; generally not listed in criminal or driving recordNone
AlaskaRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
AlaskaSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
ArizonaRed lightAuthorized by state lawStatewideYesSame as traditional enforcement penalty: maximum $250 fine and 2 pointsNot permitted on state highways; not placed within 600 feet of posted speed limit change except near school crossing
ArizonaSpeedAuthorized by state lawStatewideYesSame as traditional enforcement penalty: maximum $250 fine and 3 pointsNot permitted on state highways; not placed within 600 feet of posted speed limit change except near school crossing
ArkansasRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
ArkansasSpeedAuthorized by state lawSchool zones or at a railroad crossingNoNone specifiedPolice officer must be present and must issue citation at time and place of violation
CaliforniaSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
CaliforniaRed lightAuthorized by state lawStatewideYesSame as traditional enforcement penalty: $100 base fine and approximately $400 additional fees plus 1 pointNone
ColoradoRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceStatewideYesMonetary fine of $75 maximum; not reportable to Department of Public Safety; no points and not included in driving recordNone
ColoradoSpeedAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceSchool zones, residential neighborhoods, construction zones, and streets that border a municipal parkYesMonetary fine of $40 maximum, unless violation occurs in school zone or construction zone; not reportable to the Department of Public Safety; no points and not included in driving recordPolice officer or government employee must be present at time of alleged violation; in construction zones, citations issued only when construction is occurring
ConnecticutRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
ConnecticutSpeedAuthorized by state lawHighway work zonesYesWritten warning first offense, $75 second offense, $150 subsequent offense; not listed on driving record and not used for insurance purposesWork zones must be on highways with posted speed limits of 45 mph or greater
DelawareRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceStatewideYesMonetary fine of $110 maximum; not classified as a criminal offense, shall not be made a part of the driving record, and shall not be used for insurance purposes; DMV shall suspend license for failing to pay assessmentNone
DelawareSpeedAuthorized by state lawWork zonesYesMonetary fine of $74.50 maximum; no points will be assessedThe pilot will be active in the I-95 construction zone in Wilmington and will last until the end of the project
District of ColumbiaRed lightAuthorized by district lawCitywideYesMonetary fine of $150; DMV cannot suspend license for failure to pay fine or penalty; no pointsNone
District of ColumbiaSpeedAuthorized by district lawCitywideYesMonetary fine which varies depending on how fast above the speed limit the vehicle is traveling; DMV cannot suspend license for failure to pay fine or penalty; no pointsNone
FloridaSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
FloridaRed lightAuthorized by state lawStatewideYesMonetary fine of $158; no pointsNone
GeorgiaSpeedAuthorized by state lawSchool zonesYesMonetary fine of $75 for a first offense and $125 for second or subsequent offenses; additional processing fees may not exceed $25Cameras may only be used to capture violations one hour before through one hour after instructional school time
GeorgiaRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceStatewideYesMonetary fine of $70 maximum; not considered a moving traffic violation, no points, not listed in driving record, and not used for insurance purposesNone
HawaiiSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
HawaiiRed lightAuthorized by state law and county ordinanceCounties of Hawaii, Maui, Kauai, Honolulu and City of Honolulu after a 2-year pilot program in the City and County of HonoluluYesMonetary fine of $200 maximum for a first offense; $300 for a second offense; $500 for a third or subsequent offenseNone
IdahoRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
IdahoSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
IllinoisSpeedAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceIn a construction or maintenance speed zone; in a safety zone (within 1/8th of a mile of a school or a park district used for recreational purposes) in municipalities with a population of 1,000,000 or more inhabitantsYesMonetary fine. In construction zones, minimum $375 fine; in safety zones, fine, which varies depending on how fast above the speed limit the vehicle is traveling; license suspension for failing to pay any fine for multiple offenses; not considered a violation of a traffic regulation and not included in driving recordIn construction zones, citations issued only when workers are present; in safety zones, citations issued only during certain hours
IllinoisRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsYesMonetary fine of $100 maximumor the completion of a traffic education program, or both; license suspension for failing to pay any fine for multiple offenses; not considered a violation of a traffic regulation and not recorded on driving recordNone
IndianaRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
IndianaSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
IowaSpeedAuthorized by city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsYesMonetary fine ranging from $5 to $500 depending on jurisdiction and speed above the limit; certain jurisdictions double fines in construction zones; not listed on driving recordNone
IowaRed lightAuthorized by city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsYesMonetary fine ranging from $65 to $100 depending on the jurisdiction; not listed on driving recordNone
KansasRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
KansasSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
KentuckyRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
KentuckySpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
LouisianaRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsYesMonetary fine ranging from $100 to $125 depending on the jurisdiction; not classified a criminal conviction and not included in driving recordNone
LouisianaSpeedAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsYesMonetary fine which varies depending on how fast above the speed limit the vehicle is traveling and the jurisdiction; not classified a criminal conviction and not included in driving recordNot permitted on interstate highways, except when placed in construction zones where workers are present and operated by the state
MaineRed lightProhibited by state lawn/aNon/an/a
MaineSpeedProhibited by state lawn/aNon/an/a
MarylandSpeedAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsYesMonetary fine of $40 maximum; not a moving violation for the purpose of assessing points, not included in the driving record, and shall not be used for insurance purposesIn school zones, citations issued only during certain hours; in construction zones, system used only to record images of vehicles traveling at least 12 mph above speed limit
MarylandRed lightAuthorized by state lawStatewideYesMonetary fine of $100 maximum; not a moving violation for the purpose of assessing points, not included in the driving record, and shall not be used for insurance purposesNone
MassachusettsRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
MassachusettsSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
MichiganRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
MichiganSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
MinnesotaRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
MinnesotaSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
MississippiRed lightProhibited by state lawn/aNon/an/a
MississippiSpeedProhibited by state lawn/aNon/an/a
MissouriSpeedAuthorized by city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsNoLargely unenforceable due to Supreme Court decisions. Monetary fine of $100 maximum; certain jurisdictions increase to $200 fine for traveling 20 mph over speed limitCertain jurisdictions limit violations to school zones and on streets that include crosswalks used by children when going to or leaving school
MissouriRed lightAuthorized by city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsYesLargely unenforceable due to Supreme Court decisions. Monetary fine of $100 (generally); no points in certain jurisdictionsNone
MontanaSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
MontanaRed lightProhibited by state lawn/aNon/an/a
NebraskaRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
NebraskaSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
NevadaRed lightAuthorized by state lawStatewideNoNone specifiedRed light camera equipment must be held in hand or installed temporarily or permanently within law enforcement vehicle or facility
NevadaSpeedAuthorized by state lawStatewideNoNone specifiedSpeed camera equipment must be held in hand or installed temporarily or permanently within law enforcement vehicle or facility
New HampshireRed lightProhibited by state lawn/aNon/an/a
New HampshireSpeedProhibited by state lawn/aNon/aUse of camera or other device to determine vehicle ownership or identify vehicle occupants is prohibited unless specifically authorized by statute
New JerseyRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
New JerseySpeedProhibited by state lawn/aNon/an/a
New MexicoSpeedAuthorized by city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsYesMonetary fine of $100; certain jurisdictions allow vehicle seizure for nonpayment of fineMobile enforcement vans not permitted on state and federal roadways
New MexicoRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsNoMonetary fine ranging from $66 to $100 depending on the jurisdiction; certain jurisdictions allow vehicle seizure for nonpayment of fineNot permitted on state and federal roadways
New YorkRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsYesMonetary fine of $50 maximum; not classified as a criminal offense, not included in driving record, and not used for insurance purposesNone
New YorkSpeedAuthorized by state lawSpecified jurisdictions and work zonesYesMonetary fine of $50 maximum for first offense; $75 second offense committed within 18 months; $100 third or subsequent offense within 18 months; not classified as a criminal offense, not included in driving record, and not used for insurance purposesNot permitted on a controlled-access highway exit ramp; work zone location selection must consider the speed data, crash history and roadway geometry
North CarolinaSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
North CarolinaRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsYesMonetary fine ranging from $50 to $100 depending on the jurisdiction; no points and not used for insurance purposesNone
North DakotaRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
North DakotaSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
OhioRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceStatewideYesMonetary fine which shall not exceed the maximum fine imposed for a substantially equivalent criminal traffic law violation (not more than $150 for a traffic control signal violation, which is a minor misdemeanor); no points and not used for insurance purposesNone
OhioSpeedAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceStatewideYesnoneNot permitted on interstates when operated by townships
OklahomaRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
OklahomaSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
OregonSpeedAuthorized by state lawStatewideYesSame as traditional enforcement penalty; traffic violation resulting in a fine, which varies depending on how fast above the speed limit the vehicle is travelingIn specified jurisdictions, may not be used for more than 4 hours per day, may not be used on controlled access highways, and must be operated by uniformed police officer out of marked police vehicle; in construction zones, citations issued only when workers are present and must be operated by a uniformed police officer out of marked police vehicle
OregonRed lightAuthorized by state lawStatewideYesSame as traditional enforcement penalty; Class B traffic violation resulting in a maximum $1,000 fineNone
PennsylvaniaSpeedAuthorized by state lawActive work zones, effective 2/16/19; Philadelphia, effective 12/18/18YesWritten warning for a first offense in an active work zone, $75 for a second offense and $150 for third or subsequent offense; potential pilot programs are limited to a maximum fine of $150In work zones, citations issued only when workers are present
PennsylvaniaRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceSpecified jurisdictionsYesMonetary fine of $100 maximum; not a criminal conviction, not included in the driving record, and shall not used for insurance purposesNone
Rhode IslandSpeedAuthorized by state lawSchool zones, Monday through Friday, between 7:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. from August 15 through JuneYesMonetary fine of $50 for first and second offense, $95 fine third and subsequent offense; not considered a moving violation nor captured on the driving recordNone
Rhode IslandRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceStatewideYesMonetary fine of $85; not a moving violation nor a criminal conviction and not included in driving record; not used for insurance purposes until there is a final adjudicationNone
South CarolinaRed lightProhibited except in emergenciesStatewideNoNone specifiedAuthorized only for violations that occur during emergency
South CarolinaSpeedProhibited except in emergenciesStatewideNoNone specifiedAuthorized only for violations that occur during emergency
South DakotaSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/aState law prohibits Department of Public Safety and Division of Motor Vehicles from providing to other states information that can be used by those states to impose or collect civil fine resulting from alleged violation enforced by camera program
South DakotaRed lightProhibited by state lawn/aNon/aState law prohibits Department of Public Safety and Division of Motor Vehicles from providing to other states information that can be used by those states to impose or collect civil fine resulting from alleged violation enforced by camera program
TennesseeSpeedAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceSchool zones and S-curves that inhibit a driver's full vision through the bendYesMonetary fine of $50None
TennesseeRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceStatewideYesMonetary fine of $50; not included in driving record and not used for credit rating or insurance purposesNone
TexasSpeedProhibited by state lawn/aNon/an/a
TexasRed lightProhibited by state lawExceptions existYesMonetary fine of $75 maximum; DMV may refuse to register a vehicle alleged to have been involved in a violation; not classified as a criminal offense, not included in the driving record, and not used for credit ratingSome communities may continue to operate under the terms of a contract signed before the ban enacted in June 2019
UtahRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
UtahSpeedAuthorized by state lawSchool zones and areas that have a posted speed limit of 30 mph or lessNoNot reportable and no pointsPolice officer must be present
VermontRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
VermontSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
VirginiaSpeedAuthorized by state lawSchool crossing zones and highway work zonesYesMonetary fine of $100 maximum; civil penalty and not considered for insurance purposesNone
VirginiaRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceStatewideYesMonetary fine of $50 maximum; not considered a conviction, not included in the driving record, and not used for insurance purposesSystems allowed at no more than 1 intersection for every 10,000 residents in each community, except for communities under the Northern Virginia Regional Commission, which are allowed systems at no more than 10 intersections or no more than 1 intersection for every 10,000 residents, whichever is greater
WashingtonRed lightAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceStatewide at intersections of 2 arterialsYesMonetary fine of $250 maximum; not included in the driving record and shall be processed in the same manner as parking infractionsNone
WashingtonSpeedAuthorized by state law and city ordinanceSchool, public park and hospital zones; subject to conditions, other locations of concern where other speed reduction measures are not feasibleYesMonetary fine no greater than the fine for a parking infraction within the jurisdiction; not included in the driving record and shall be processed in the same manner as parking infractionsWith the exception of school, park and hospital zones, cities must obtain the Washington state legislature’s authorization for use and location of the automated traffic safety camera
West VirginiaRed lightProhibited by state lawn/aNon/an/a
West VirginiaSpeedProhibited by state lawn/aNon/an/a
WisconsinRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
WisconsinSpeedProhibited by state lawn/aNon/an/a
WyomingRed lightNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
WyomingSpeedNot addressed by current lawsn/aNon/an/a
showing: 102 rows

Speed Cameras by State 2024

Sources