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Tornado Alley States 2022

Tornado Alley is commonly used for the corridor-shaped region in the United States Midwest that sees the most tornado activity. While it is not an official designation, states most commonly included are Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri, Iowa, and South Dakota.

While not geographically part of tornado alley, Florida sees more tornados than any other state, especially when accounting for how large the state is. In general, the southeast region of the U.S. sees frequent tornadoes.

The average tornado only stays on the ground for 5 minutes, and approximately 77% are considered between EF-0 and EF-1, with about 95% below EF-3. Only .01% of tornadoes reach the highest category of EF-5. Even so, they can cause many fatalities and significant property damage at any level.

According to National Geographic, tornadoes cause approximately 80 deaths and more than 1,500 injuries per year. Property damage caused by tornadoes is incredibly difficult to calculate, and as such, little current information about damages per state exists.

While determining how much individual property damage tornadoes cause each year is difficult, it's estimated that tornadoes caused about $3.108 billion in damages in 2019.

The best information available on a per-state basis is 25 years old. The data can be extrapolated over the last two decades as tornado occurrences have increased. DEFINITION: Total cost of damage from tornadoes during 1950 to 1994, in adjusted U.S. dollars.

Here are the 10 states with the highest numbers of tornadoes:

  1. Texas (155)
  2. Kansas (96)
  3. Florida (66)
  4. Oklahoma (62)
  5. Nebraska (57)
  6. Illinois (54)
  7. Colorado (53)
  8. Iowa (51)
  9. Minnesota (45)
  10. Missouri (45)

Tornado Alley States 2022

* Data is averaged from period 1991–2010.
State Average Annual Number of Tornadoes 2022 Pop.
Texas15530,097,526
Kansas962,919,179
Florida6622,177,997
Oklahoma624,007,179
Nebraska571,960,790
Illinois5412,518,071
Colorado535,961,083
Iowa513,174,426
Missouri456,184,843
Minnesota455,739,781
Alabama444,949,697
Mississippi432,961,536
Arkansas393,042,017
Louisiana374,616,106
South Dakota36902,542
North Dakota32774,008
North Carolina3110,807,491
Georgia3010,936,299
South Carolina275,342,388
Tennessee267,001,803
Wisconsin245,867,518
Indiana226,842,385
Kentucky214,487,233
Ohio1911,727,377
Virginia188,638,218
Pennsylvania1612,805,190
Michigan169,995,212
Wyoming12582,233
New Mexico112,109,093
California1139,664,128
New York1019,223,191
Montana101,093,117
Maryland106,075,314
Idaho51,896,652
Arizona57,640,796
Washington37,887,965
Utah33,363,182
Oregon34,325,290
West Virginia21,755,715
New Jersey28,870,685
Nevada23,238,601
Maine21,359,677
Connecticut23,546,588
Vermont1622,882
New Hampshire11,378,449
Massachusetts16,922,107
Hawaii11,401,709
Delaware1998,619
Rhode Island1,062,583
Alaska720,763

Tornado Alley States 2022

Sources