Voter Id Laws By State 2020

Voter identification laws in the United States require that a person wishing to vote must provide some form of official identification before being permitted to register to vote, receiving a ballot or to cast their vote in elections.

Supporters of voter ID laws argue that they reduce electoral fraud without placing a big burden on voters. Opponents of voter id laws argue that electoral fraud is extremely rare and that these laws often put up unnecessary barriers for minority groups and those less likely to possess photo IDs.

According to the National Conference of State Legislature, voter ID laws can be categorized in two ways:

  • Whether the state asks for a photo ID or accepts a non-photo ID
  • What actions are available for voters who do not have an ID

Photo ID states require voters to show documentation that has a photo such as a driver’s license, passport, state-issued identification card, military ID, tribal ID, etc. Non-photo ID states accept forms of identification without photos, such as bank statements with a name and address.

If a voter does not have identification, states provide alternatives. These laws are either considered strict or non-strict. Strict laws state that voters without acceptable identification must vote on a provisional ballot and take additional steps after Election Day in order for their vote to be counted. Non-strict laws state that some voters without acceptable identification have the option to cast a ballot will be counted without further action taken by the voter.

Thirty-five states have laws requesting or requiring voters to show some form of identification at the election polls. The remaining 15 states use other methods to verify the identity of voters.

States that require photo ID (strict):

  • Georgia
  • Indiana
  • Kansas
  • Mississippi
  • North Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia
  • Wisconsin

States that request photo ID (non-strict):

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Florida
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Louisiana
  • Michigan
  • Rhode Island
  • South Dakota
  • Texas

States that require non-photo IDs (strict):

  • Arizona
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio

States that request non-photo IDs (non-strict):

  • Alaska
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • New Hampshire
  • Oklahoma
  • South Carolina
  • Utah
  • Washington
  • West Virginia

States that do not require a form of ID at the ballot box:

  • California
  • District of Columbia
  • Illinois
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Minnesota
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Vermont
  • Wyoming

Voter Id Laws By State 2020

State 2020 Pop.
Alabama4,908,620
Alaska734,002
Arizona7,378,490
Arkansas3,039,000
California39,937,500
Colorado5,845,530
Connecticut3,563,080
Delaware982,895
Washington DC720,687
Florida21,993,000
Georgia10,736,100
Hawaii1,412,690
Idaho1,826,160
Illinois12,659,700
Indiana6,745,350
Iowa3,179,850
Kansas2,910,360
Kentucky4,499,690
Louisiana4,645,180
Maine1,345,790
Maryland6,083,120
Massachusetts6,976,600
Michigan10,045,000
Minnesota5,700,670
Mississippi2,989,260
Missouri6,169,270
Montana1,086,760
Nebraska1,952,570
Nevada3,139,660
New Hampshire1,371,250
New Jersey8,936,570
New Mexico2,096,640
New York19,440,500
North Carolina10,611,900
North Dakota761,723
Ohio11,747,700
Oklahoma3,954,820
Oregon4,301,090
Pennsylvania12,820,900
Rhode Island1,056,160
South Carolina5,210,100
South Dakota903,027
Tennessee6,897,580
Texas29,472,300
Utah3,282,120
Vermont628,061
Virginia8,626,210
Washington7,797,100
West Virginia1,778,070
Wisconsin5,851,750
Wyoming567,025