Wine is an alcoholic drink made from fermented grapes. Wine is created by yeast consumes the sugar in the grapes and converts it to ethanol, carbon dioxide, and heat. There are many different styles of wine, such as red, white, and rosé, depending on the grapes and strains of yeast used to make them. Less commonly, wine is also made from other fruits, such as plum, cherry, currant, elderberry, and pomegranate (fruit wine) or rice (rice wine).
Wine is fat free and contains no cholesterol. A 4-ounce glass of wine has about 80-100 calories in it. Studies have shown that moderate red wine consumption can benefit the human body due to the antioxidant content founding the wine. These antioxidants can lower incidences of cardiovascular disease, mortality, and type-2 diabetes.
Wine is made in just about every country in the world. The world’s top producers of wine are Italy, France, Spain, China, and the United States.
The United States produces over 800 million gallons of wine per year, making it the fourth-largest wine-producing country in the world. The winemaking industry in the United States is based almost entirely on the cultivation of the European grape Vitis vinifera. The history of wine production in the United States start in the 16th century when European settlers made wine in Jacksonville, Florida using Scuppernong grapes.
There is a winery in every state in the U.S. Mississippi has the fewest wineries with 2 and California has the most with 4,391. Some states have more wineries than other states, but that does not necessarily mean they produce more wine. For example, Oregon produces less than wine than New York State, but have twice the number of wineries.
The ten states that produce the most wine in the U.S., and their share of total wine production) are:
- California (84.354%)
- Washington (5.053%)
- New York (3.468%)
- Pennsylvania (1.538%)
- Oregon (1.466%)
- Ohio (0.736%)
- Michigan (0.319%)
- Kentucky (0.270%)
- Vermont (0.269%)
- Virginia (0.268%)
California is the largest wine producer in the United States, producing over 84% of all U.S. wine production. California has a total of 4,391 wineries located all over the state including in famous wine regions such as Napa Valley and Sonoma. Napa Valley is known for its Chardonnay, Merlot, and Cabernet Sauvignon, while Sonoma is known for its Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Chardonnay. If California were a country, it would be the fourth-largest wine producer in the world behind France, Italy, and Spain.
Washington State is the second-largest wine producer in the United States; however, it produces just a fraction of what California produces. Washington accounts for just over 5% of the total American wine production. Washington’s wine production began increasing rapidly starting in the 1960s, exporting wine to more than 40 countries around the world.
The remaining 48 states produce less than 11% of the United States total wine production.