US States by Race 2023

The state of California is the most populous in the United States, with 38,654,206 residents. Although individuals identifying as white make up the majority of the population at 23,680,584, California is also the most racially diverse state, with 5,133,600 people identifying as coming from a background other than white, black, Native American, Asian or Islander, while 1,787,159 consider themselves to be multiracial.

Texas, another highly populous state with 26,956,435 residents, has the largest population identifying as black (3,221,133), as well as a sizable population identifying as 'other' (1,561,683). Texas also has a substantial Asian population of 1,175,423, but a small Islander population of 22,248. The District of Columbia is the only state where the black population (318,598) is larger than the white population (266,035), while the state of Montana has the lowest black population in the country at 4,260 (although Montana has an overall population of 1,023,391, making it one of the least populous states).

The southwestern state of Arizona has the highest Native American population in the country, with 296,732 residents identifying themselves as Native American (higher than any other race in the state apart from white). This is followed by Oklahoma (286,231), California (285,512), New Mexico (193,295) and Texas (128,145). Just 1,984 residents of Vermont identify as Native American, the lowest in the country. Vermont also has the lowest rates of those identifying as 'other' or of multiple races – 2,309 and 12,169, respectively.

US States by Race 2023

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Note: Percentages based on total Hispanic and Non-Hispanic combined.

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States by Race