Boise, Idaho Population 2024

233,860

Boise is a city located in Ada County Idaho. Boise has a 2024 population of 233,860. It is also the county seat of Ada County.Boise is currently declining at a rate of -0.59% annually and its population has decreased by -0.91% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 236,018 in 2020.

The average household income in Boise is $104,532 with a poverty rate of 11.13%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Boise is 37.9 years, 36.9 years for males, and 39 years for females.

The larger Boise City-Nampa metropolitan area, which includes five counties, has a population of 620,000 and it is the largest metro area in the state, containing the three largest cities in Idaho: Boise, Nampa, and Meridian. Boise is also the 3rd most populous metro area in the Pacific Northwest after Seattle and Portland.

Boise Diversity

Boise has a large ethnic Basque community of about 15,000 people, which is the largest in the United States and the 5th largest outside of Mexico, Chile, Argentina and the Basque Country in France and Spain. There is also a sizeable Basque festival in the city every five years.

The city is home to many religions with the Boise Hare Krishna Temple, an LDS Church temple and the Jewish Ahavath Beth Israel Temple, which is the oldest continually used temple west of the Mississippi.

Boise Population Growth

Boise is currently the 15th fastest growing city in the United States, according to Forbes. The Boise City-Nampa metropolitan area is growing at a rate of 1.7% per year with a job growth rate that is keeping up. The largest cities in Idaho, including Boise, are rising about three times faster than smaller towns in the state.

Boise Facts

  • One account of how Boise got its name in the 1800s comes from a story that when French Canadian fur trappers traveling through the desert came across the valley and exclaimed "Les Boise!" or "The Trees!"
  • Boise is an Idaho refugee center that welcomes hundreds of people every year from around the world.
  • Boise was listed as one of 8 cities in the U.S. that is "Getting it right" by Time magazine in 2014.
  • Wheel ruts can still be seen along various spots of the Oregon Trail, which ran through southern Boise.
  • The World Center for Birds of Prey is located just outside of Boise and it has played a significant role in the re-establishment of the Peregrine Falcon and getting it removed from the Endangered Species list, at which point an international celebration took place in Boise. The center also breeds the rare California condor.
  • Aaron Paul, best known for his role as Jesse Pinkman in the series Breaking Bad, was born in nearby Emmett, Idaho.

Idaho has been a refugee resettlement arena since 1975, when it was established as the Indochinese Refugee Assistance Program to help resettle refugees fleeing the overthrow of US-supported governments in South Asia. Initially, the program focused on refugees from Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam, but it expanded to include Eastern European refugees fleeing Soviet-era regimes.

During the 1980s, most refugees settled in Idaho and Boise, in particular, were Southeast Asian and Eastern European, with many refugees from the Soviet Union arriving at the end of the 1980s particularly evangelical Christians oppressed for their religious beliefs and political dissidents. During the 1990s, more than 5,000 refugees were resettled in Idaho, with more than 50% coming from Herzegovina and Bosnia to escape ethnic cleansing. The other half during this time came from Africa, East Asia, the Near East, Central Asia, the Caribbean, and Europe.

In the 2000s, more than 5,000 refugees have been settled around Boise, mainly refugees from Europe and Central Asia, especially from Bosnia, Afghanistan, and Russia (67%); Africa, especially Liberia, Sudan and Somalia (24%); East Asia, Latin America and the Near East (9%).

Boise Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Boise was:

  • White: 85.02%
  • Two or more races: 6.79%
  • Asian: 3.38%
  • Other race: 2.39%
  • Black or African American: 1.55%
  • Native American: 0.59%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.28%
State
Idaho
Land Area (mi²)
83.7 sq mi
Density (mi²)
2,794.90/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-0.91% (-2,158)
The current population of Boise, Idaho is 233,860 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 236,018.

Boise, Idaho Population 2024

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Boise Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White199,10785.02%
Two or more races15,9136.79%
Asian7,9053.38%
Other race5,5942.39%
Black or African American3,6211.55%
Native American1,3930.59%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander6590.28%
showing: 7 rows

White

Two or more races

Asian

Other race

Black or African American

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Boise Population by Race

Boise Population Pyramid 2024

Boise Median Age

37.9

Total

36.9

Male

39

Female

Boise Adults

There are 189,841 adults, (35,613 of whom are seniors) in Boise.

Boise Age Dependency

51.8

Age Dependency Ratio

23.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Boise Sex Ratio

Female115,57449.35%
Male118,61850.65%

Boise Population by Age

Boise Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All97,8262.3362.937.1
Married43,7682.9781.418.6
Non Family41,6581.4145.354.7
Female8,3513.1955.444.6
Male4,0493.0659.640.4
showing: 5 rows

2.91

Average Family Size

2.33

Average Household Size

62.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Boise Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Boise Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Boise Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 64.59%.

Boise Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$48,161

Average Earnings

$54,461

Average Male

$42,152

Average Female

Boise Earnings by Educational Attainment

Boise Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Boise Language

89.99% of Boise residents speak only English, while 10.01% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.61% of the population.

Boise Language

Boise Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White185,14819,02710.28%
Hispanic20,1643,05215.14%
Multiple15,6441,5459.88%
Asian7,7421,28316.57%
Other5,57677813.95%
Black3,45269019.99%
Native1,34444433.04%
Islander6536810.41%
showing: 8 rows

11.13%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.59%

Male Poverty Rate

11.69%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Boise

The race most likely to be in poverty in Boise is Native, with 33.04% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Boise is Multiple, with 9.88% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.8%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.01%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.53%.

Boise Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade24.05%
High School13.32%
Some College8.52%
Bachelors or Greater4.26%
showing: 4 rows

Boise Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed24.73%
Male Unemployed15.99%
Female Employed7.35%
Male Employed5.61%
showing: 4 rows

Boise Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Boise Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Boise Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

46.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.0%

Male Marriage Rate

46.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Boise Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Boise Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Boise Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Boise Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

14,930

Number of Veterans

13,375

Male Veterans

1,555

Female Veterans

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Boise Veterans by War

count

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Boise Veterans by Age

count

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Boise Veterans by Race

Boise Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

6.74%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.02%

Veteran Disability Rate

Boise Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

68.5%

Labor Force Participation

65.7%

Employment Rate

3.8%

Unemployment Rate

Boise Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Boise Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Boise Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

40.51%

Born in Boise

93.3%

Native Born

6.7%

Foreign Born

3.06%

Non Citizen

3.65%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

93.3% of Boise residents were born in the United States, with 40.51% having been born in Idaho. 3.06% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Boise Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
2029226,925-1,387-0.61%
2028228,312-1,387-0.6%
2027229,699-1,387-0.6%
2026231,086-1,387-0.6%
2025232,473-1,387-0.59%
2024233,860-1,387-0.59%
2023235,247-1,387-0.59%
2022236,634-1,387-0.58%
2021238,0212,0030.85%
2020236,0186,8763%
2019229,1425340.23%
2018228,6087260.32%
2017227,8823,0431.35%
2016224,8393,7791.71%
2015221,0601,4580.66%
2014219,6022,1450.99%
2013217,4571,7350.8%
2012215,7223,0371.43%
2011212,6853,0991.48%
2010209,58623,79912.81%
2000185,78760,04947.76%
1990125,73823,48922.97%
1980102,24927,25936.35%
197074,99040,509117.48%
196034,481880.26%
195034,3938,26331.62%
194026,1304,58621.29%
193021,5441510.71%
192021,3934,03523.25%
191017,35811,401191.39%
19005,957
showing: 31 rows

Boise Population by Year