Boise, Idaho Population 2022

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Boise is a city located in Ada County Idaho. It is also the county seat of Ada County. With a 2020 population of 241,686, it is the largest city in Idaho and the 97th largest city in the United States. Boise is currently growing at a rate of 1.26% annually and its population has increased by 2.55% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 235,684 in 2020. Spanning over 85 miles, Boise has a population density of 2,888 people per square mile.

The average household income in Boise is $82,424 with a poverty rate of 12.02%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Boise is 36.6 years, 36.1 years for males, and 37.1 years for females.

The larger Boise City-Nampa metropolitan area, which includes five counties, has a population of 620,000 and it is the largest metro area in the state, containing the three largest cities in Idaho: Boise, Nampa, and Meridian. Boise is also the 3rd most populous metro area in the Pacific Northwest after Seattle and Portland.

Boise Diversity

Boise has a large ethnic Basque community of about 15,000 people, which is the largest in the United States and the 5th largest outside of Mexico, Chile, Argentina and the Basque Country in France and Spain. There is also a sizeable Basque festival in the city every five years.

The city is home to many religions with the Boise Hare Krishna Temple, an LDS Church temple and the Jewish Ahavath Beth Israel Temple, which is the oldest continually used temple west of the Mississippi.

Boise Population Growth

Boise is currently the 15th fastest growing city in the United States, according to Forbes. The Boise City-Nampa metropolitan area is growing at a rate of 1.7% per year with a job growth rate that is keeping up. The largest cities in Idaho, including Boise, are rising about three times faster than smaller towns in the state.

Boise Facts

  • One account of how Boise got its name in the 1800s comes from a story that when French Canadian fur trappers traveling through the desert came across the valley and exclaimed "Les Boise!" or "The Trees!"
  • Boise is an Idaho refugee center that welcomes hundreds of people every year from around the world.
  • Boise was listed as one of 8 cities in the U.S. that is "Getting it right" by Time magazine in 2014.
  • Wheel ruts can still be seen along various spots of the Oregon Trail, which ran through southern Boise.
  • The World Center for Birds of Prey is located just outside of Boise and it has played a significant role in the re-establishment of the Peregrine Falcon and getting it removed from the Endangered Species list, at which point an international celebration took place in Boise. The center also breeds the rare California condor.
  • Aaron Paul, best known for his role as Jesse Pinkman in the series Breaking Bad, was born in nearby Emmett, Idaho.

Idaho has been a refugee resettlement arena since 1975, when it was established as the Indochinese Refugee Assistance Program to help resettle refugees fleeing the overthrow of US-supported governments in South Asia. Initially, the program focused on refugees from Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam, but it expanded to include Eastern European refugees fleeing Soviet-era regimes.

During the 1980s, most refugees settled in Idaho and Boise, in particular, were Southeast Asian and Eastern European, with many refugees from the Soviet Union arriving at the end of the 1980s particularly evangelical Christians oppressed for their religious beliefs and political dissidents. During the 1990s, more than 5,000 refugees were resettled in Idaho, with more than 50% coming from Herzegovina and Bosnia to escape ethnic cleansing. The other half during this time came from Africa, East Asia, the Near East, Central Asia, the Caribbean, and Europe.

In the 2000s, more than 5,000 refugees have been settled around Boise, mainly refugees from Europe and Central Asia, especially from Bosnia, Afghanistan, and Russia (67%); Africa, especially Liberia, Sudan and Somalia (24%); East Asia, Latin America and the Near East (9%).

Boise Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Boisewas:

  • White: 87.97%
  • Two or more races: 4.35%
  • Asian: 3.12%
  • Other race: 2.06%
  • Black or African American: 1.62%
  • Native American: 0.66%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.22%
The current population of Boise, Idaho is 241,686 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 235,684.

Boise, Idaho Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Boise Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race


Boise Population by Race

Boise Population Pyramid 2022


Boise Median Age







Boise Adults

There are 182,656 adults, (33,214 of whom are seniors) in Boise.

Boise Age Dependency

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Old Age Dependency Ratio


Child Dependency Ratio

Boise Sex Ratio







Boise Population by Age

Boise Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Boise Household Types


Rate of Home Ownership

Boise Households and Families


Average Family Size


Average Household Size


Boise Households by Type


Boise Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Boise Educational Attainment by Race


The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 55.13%.

Boise Educational Attainment by Race



Average Earnings


Average Male


Average Female

Boise Earnings by Educational Attainment

Boise Language by Age


Boise Language

90.00% of Boise residents speak only English, while 10.00% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.51% of the population.

Boise Language

Boise Poverty by Race



Overall Poverty Rate


Male Poverty Rate


Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Boise

The race most likely to be in poverty in Boise is Islander, with 35.04% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Boise is Multiple, with 11.36% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.75%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.40%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.17%.

Boise Poverty


Boise Poverty Rate by Education


Boise Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Boise Income by Household Type


Income by Household Type

Boise Marital Status

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Marriage Rates


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Female Marriage Rate

Boise Married by Age and Sex


Boise Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Boise Marital Status by Race

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Boise Marital Status



Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

Boise Veterans by War


Boise Veterans by Age


Boise Veterans by Race

Boise Veterans by Education



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Boise Veterans by Education



Labor Force Participation


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Boise Employment by Age


Boise Employment by Race


Boise Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens


Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens



Born in Boise


Native Born


Foreign Born


Non Citizen



Place of Birth

93.43% of Boise residents were born in the United States, with 43.76% having been born in Idaho. 3.15% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Boise Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected

Boise Population by Year