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Chickpea Production 2021

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Chickpea Production by Country 2024

Like many foods in the legume family, chickpeas are a delicious, nutritious plant-based protein source enjoyed around the world. They’re key components in many of the world’s most beloved dishes and cuisines, as well as an important staple crop in multiple countries.

However, actual chickpea production can vary quite a bit from one country to the next according to different external factors, agricultural conditions, and so forth.

Top Chickpea-Producing Countries Around the World

Currently, chickpeas are grown in numerous regions around the world, including but not limited to multiple examples on the Indian subcontinent, across the Great Plains region of the United States, in Western Asia, and throughout the Mediterranean.

The following are some of the countries with the highest rates of chickpea production in the world as of 2023.

India

India is the world’s top chickpea producer by far. In fact, the world has Indian chickpea growers to thank for between 65 and 90 percent of the global chickpea stores each year. In 2023, India increased its farmable chickpea acreage even further, with some areas growing by 25 percent and others expanding by as much as 50 percent.

Turkey

Turkey is another of the world’s top chickpea producers and is especially notable for its cultivation of the large, high-quality Kabuli chickpea variety. As with India, favorable climate conditions and ample government support in Turkey make it an ideal place to cultivate what are considered to be some of the world’s best chickpeas.

Other countries with high annual chickpea yields include Pakistan, Mexico, Argentina, the United States, Ethiopia, Australia, Myanmar, and Russia.

Factors Influencing Chickpea Production

As with many agricultural goods, regional climate is perhaps the most important determining factor when it comes to a given country's ability to produce chickpeas. As a crop, chickpeas thrive best in places with dry summers, mild winters, and moderate average rainfall. Additional factors may include the following.

Agricultural Investment

All crops thrive best in countries with ample access to modern irrigation methods and up-to-date agricultural techniques, as well as high-quality seeds, fertilizers, and equipment. Countries willing and able to invest in these things see higher chickpea yields.

Local Dietary Preferences

Countries demonstrating high rates of chickpea production also tend to be countries where chickpeas are considered critical parts of the local diet. India, Pakistan, and Turkey are all key examples, as chickpeas are considered important dietary staples there.

Other factors that may influence a country’s annual chickpea production include but may not be limited to government incentives, current market demand, commitment to agricultural research, and ability to adequately manage local pests.

- All data rounded to the nearest full ton

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Country
Chickpea Production 2021 (tons)
Chickpea Production 2020 (tons)
Chickpea Production 2019 (tons)
India11,910,00011,078,5009,937,990
Australia876,468281,200205,130
Ethiopia478,212457,319435,193
Turkey475,000630,000630,000
Myanmar467,341481,985499,438
Russia316,840291,133506,166
Pakistan233,934497,608446,584
Mexico171,968125,823202,846
Iran168,143172,921191,614
United States129,770185,380282,910
Sudan97,17384,39573,387
Tanzania88,41590,00042,155
Argentina84,709177,061189,860
Canada76,192214,400251,500
Morocco72,54749,71475,413
Yemen40,47740,85038,541
Algeria38,81839,88940,369
Syria36,22363,58952,419
China16,02116,22215,622
Uzbekistan14,26711,77411,000
Nepal11,06511,28510,675
Tunisia9,9008,04510,470
Kazakhstan7,2396,6418,774
Egypt6,1425,9324,960
Israel5,5005,48814,000
Uganda5,3315,3535,339
Bosnia and Herzegovina5,2855,2925,269
Bangladesh5,0084,9425,347
Eritrea3,6673,6793,676
Portugal3,2082,8902,355
Moldova3,1633,0682,973
Lebanon2,9962,9992,896
Jordan2,4341,6764,232
Togo1,5061,5091,489
Palestine1,4541,4831,511
Kenya1,4421,4381,462
North Macedonia1,1261,1181,111
Bolivia514514525
Peru490551736
Zimbabwe481483479
Malawi3311,0502,093
Chile312185284
Niger232232231
Cuba200
Armenia100100100
Colombia919782
Libya757678
Iraq3213203
Dominican Republic333
World15,871,84515,065,90514,219,490
showing: 49 rows

Which country produces the most chickpeas?

India accounts for over 65% of the world's production of chickpeas.

Frequently Asked Questions