Coal Consumption by Country 2022

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Formed from the remains of trees, ferns, algae, and other plants that lived millions of years ago, coal was the first fossil fuel actively used by humans. Coal has been used for centuries to cook food, heat homes and businesses, fuel furnaces and forges, power the steam engines of locomotives and ships, and more. Coal is the primary source of energy used in the United States (which leads the world in oil consumption), although its usage has decreased in recent years. In 2008, coal was used to generate 50% of the country's electricity, but that percentage had fallen to approximately 31% by 2016.

Despite its still-high level of consumption, the United States has enough coal to last approximately three hundred years at current usage rates. However, coal is the "dirtiest" of the fossil fuels, known to release significant amounts of greenhouse gases and other air pollutants when burned. As such, the United States is actively seeking to decrease its reliance on coal, leave behind its status as one of the world's biggest greenhouse gas emitters, and become one of the world's leading producers and consumers of renewable energy.

10 Countries with the Highest Total Coal Consumption in the World (million cubic feet)

  1. China — 4,320 trillion MMcf
  2. India — 966 trillion MMcf
  3. United States — 731 trillion MMcf
  4. Germany — 257 trillion MMcf
  5. Russia — 230 trillion MMcf
  6. Japan — 210 trillion MMcf
  7. South Africa — 202 trillion MMcf
  8. South Korea — 157 trillion MMcf
  9. Poland — 149 trillion MMcf
  10. Australia — 130 trillion MMcf

At first glance, it seems obvious that the world's most populous countries and highest overall energy consumers would also use the largest amount of coal. However, when broken down into per capita usage, which divides the total usage by the number of people living in the country, the list of most coal-dependent countries changes significantly.

10 Countries with the Highest Per Capita Coal Consumption in the World (million cubic feet)

  1. Australia — 5,343 MMcf
  2. Bulgaria — 4,927 MMcf
  3. Serbia — 4,878 MMcf
  4. Kazakhstan — 4,858 MMcf
  5. Czech Republic — 4,654 MMcf
  6. New Caledonia — 4,213 MMcf
  7. Poland — 3,917 MMcf
  8. South Africa — 3,599 MMcf
  9. Greece — 3,587 MMcf
  10. Germany — 3,133 MMcf

The environmental impact of coal

Coal emits the most pollutants of any fossil fuel, making it the dirtiest of all commonly used energy sources. When burned, coal releases numerous airborne toxins and copious amounts of carbon dioxide (CO₂), the most prominent greenhouse gas. Climate experts calculate that the use of coal, primarily in power plants generating electricity, is responsible for 30% of all global warming. Data such as this has prompted the majority of the world's countries to attend international meetings such as the 2021 COP26 climate summit in Glasgow, Scotland, and pledge to reduce their coal use as part of a global shift toward cleaner energy.

10 Countries with the Lowest Coal Consumption in the World (million cubic feet)

  1. Fiji — 710 MMcf
  2. Ghana — 17,099 MMcf
  3. Malta — 56,098 MMcf
  4. Costa Rica — 109,768 MMcf
  5. Azerbaijan — 178,010 MMcf
  6. Trinidad & Tobago — 198,416 MMcf
  7. Cyprus — 223,541 MMcf
  8. Uruguay — 436,631 MMcf
  9. Armenia — 1.3 million MMcf
  10. Paraguay — 1.7 million MMcf

Coal Consumption by Country 2022

Country Coal Consumption - MMcf Coal Consumption per Capita - MMcf Coal Consumption - Exajoules 2020 Coal Production - Exajoules 2020 Coal Reserves - Million tons 2020
China4.3T3,05582.2780.91143,197
India966.3B72917.5412.68111,052
United States731.1B2,2639.2010.71248,941
Germany257.5B3,1321.840.9835,900
Russia230.4B1,5853.278.37162,166
Japan210.6B1,6484.570.02350
South Africa202.3B3,5993.485.979,893
South Korea157.1B3,0813.030.02326
Poland148.8B3,9161.671.6828,395
Australia129.6B5,3431.6912.42150,227
Turkey116.9B1,4641.660.6011,525
Indonesia102.6B3923.2613.8834,869
Kazakhstan86.6B4,8581.642.0425,606
Taiwan72.6B3,0761.63
Ukraine59.4B1,3270.980.5434,375
Vietnam56.6B6042.101.143,360
Czech Republic49.4B4,6530.600.433,595
Serbia43.2B4,8780.297,514
Canada42.9B1,1790.500.896,582
Thailand42.7B6180.730.141,063
United Kingdom41.5B6250.190.0526
Greece38.1B3,5870.110.112,876
Bulgaria35.2B4,9260.162,366
Malaysia33B1,0761.14
Brazil27.3B1320.580.096,596
Romania26.9B1,3580.150.11291
Mexico22.5B1820.210.151,211
Philippines22.4B2150.73
Spain21.9B4700.070.081,187
Italy18.8B3090.21
Netherlands18.2B1,0710.18
Chile14.1B7730.30
France12.9B1990.19
Hong Kong12.3B1,6980.14
Hungary11.7B1,1950.070.042,909
Colombia11.4B2360.271.464,554
North Korea10.7B423
Pakistan10.2B500.620.153,064
Israel10.2B1,2530.17
Bosnia And Herzegovina9.5B2,795
Mongolia8.8B2,8870.822,520
Morocco7.2B2030.28
Slovakia6.7B1,232
North Macedonia6B2,877
Finland5.3B9660.13
Portugal5.3B5120.02
Laos5.2B766
Uzbekistan4.8B1510.100.051,375
Slovenia4.1B1,997
Belgium4B3550.11
Denmark4B697
Zimbabwe3.4B2410.09502
Sweden2.9B2900.07
New Zealand2.8B5930.060.077,575
Ireland2.5B527
United Arab Emirates2.5B262
Kyrgyzstan2.4B402
Sri Lanka2.3B1090.07
Bangladesh2.1B130.15
Afghanistan1.9B52
Cambodia1.6B103
Puerto Rico1.6B476
Tajikistan1.5B174
Montenegro1.5B2,391
Iran1.5B180.07
Argentina1.4B320.03
Botswana1.4B628
Peru1.3B400.02
Dominican Republic1.2B116
Croatia1.2B280
New Caledonia1.2B4,213
Norway824.5M1570.03
Mauritius773M612
Egypt769.4M80.03
Singapore761.7M1340.02
Belarus681.2M720.06
Madagascar566.3M22
Ethiopia539.3M5
Kenya537.4M10
Myanmar536.8M10
Senegal448.6M29
Georgia419.5M104
Kuwait387.1M97
Panama330.7M81
Tanzania327.9M6
Nepal283.3M10
Lithuania272.3M94
Niger261.2M12
Jordan242.5M25
Switzerland199.5M23
Nigeria193.3M1
Zambia183.7M11
Honduras180.8M19
Venezuela180.7M60.02731
Togo161M21
Eswatini159.9M143
Moldova137.8M33
Iceland136.7M411
Lebanon136M20
Yemen133.4M4
Saudi Arabia123M3
Bhutan96M130
Albania95.9M33
Oman95M210.01
Luxembourg89.2M153
Benin87.8M8
Malawi85.9M4
Jamaica80.5M27
Latvia67.9M34
Algeria27.3M0.02
Estonia19.8M15
Ecuador13.6M
DR Congo12.5M
Mozambique12.1M
Syria5.5M
Namibia5.5M2
Austria3.9M4440.09
Tunisia2.3M
Cuba2.1M
Paraguay1.7M
Armenia1.3M
Uruguay436.6K
Cyprus223.5K
Azerbaijan178K
Costa Rica109.8K
Malta56.1K
Ghana17.1K
Fiji710
Iraq
Turkmenistan
Qatar

Coal Consumption by Country 2022

Sources