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Eggplant Production 2021

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Eggplant Production by Country 2024

Solanum melongena is a plant in the nightshade family, commonly known as an eggplant in most English-speaking countries. It's also known by many other names, such as aubergine in the UK, brinjal in India and baigan in Guyana. Eggplants are grown throughout the world for their edible fruit, although China and India account for the great majority of production.

Description

In its native tropical climate, the eggplant is a perennial, although it's cultivated as an annual in temperate climates. The stem is usually spiny, and the flowers range from white to purple. The color of the fruit varies greatly, depending on the cultivar. Older cultivars have while fruit that closely resemble an egg, which is where the eggplant gets its name. However, the fruit of most common commercial cultivars is deep purple when fully ripe.

Role in Cooking

The fruit of the eggplant is botanically a berry, although it's typically cooked as a vegetable. Its thick flesh has a firm texture that absorbs oils and flavors during cooking, so the eggplant is often used as a meat substitute in vegetarian dishes. Eggplants can also be eaten raw, although the flesh is bitter, with an astringent quality.

The typical method of cooking eggplant in Western cooking is to wash and rinse it before slicing it open and salting it. You can then boil or steam it until tender, which breaks down the chemicals that give it a bitter taste. The skin and seeds are edible at this point, so you don't need to remove them.

Cuisine

Eggplants are a core component of the cuisine in many countries. They're often deep-fried in China and served with meat such as fish, chicken or pork. Eggplants are usually barbecued or roasted and heavily spiced with garlic, chilies and coriander in Yunnan cuisine. In Japanese cuisine, eggplants are typically prepared by grilling and filling them with a meat stuffing, as is the case with hasamiyaki.

The precise origin of the eggplant is unclear, but it's almost certainly somewhere in Southeast Asia where most of commercial production still occurs. The world production of eggplants was 59 million metric tons in 2021, with China and India accounting for 86 percent of this total.

Production

The list below provides the 2021 eggplant production for the top five countries, with figures given in millions of metric tons:

Country | Production

World - 58.6 China - 37.4 India - 12.9 Egypt - 1.3 Turkey - 0.8 Indonesia - 0.7

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Country
Eggplant Production 2021
Eggplant Production 2020
Eggplant Production 2019
China37,459,23436,597,22535,625,843
India12,874,00012,682,00012,680,000
Egypt1,286,4701,278,3501,347,230
Turkey832,938835,422822,659
Indonesia676,339618,202575,392
Iran598,356595,336594,136
Bangladesh587,000558,000530,610
Italy306,440304,690300,620
Japan282,231297,000301,700
Spain265,290282,200245,150
Syria252,990227,430188,344
Philippines244,035242,730249,890
Iraq215,687207,202136,749
Uzbekistan210,300188,000169,200
Algeria192,893178,417184,145
Sri Lanka129,516141,882134,863
Kazakhstan128,413125,054108,065
Mexico125,531112,195185,234
Saudi Arabia112,000109,13850,344
Ivory Coast110,380109,052106,085
Pakistan106,177100,18489,724
Sudan99,28296,88694,574
United States98,56098,97398,223
Romania95,86088,42079,660
Rwanda94,29283,18677,499
Mali92,80199,84181,644
Azerbaijan88,93280,63781,479
Morocco81,04460,91368,266
Netherlands63,00065,00062,000
Armenia62,72162,40043,900
Greece59,77060,98054,910
Ukraine59,48067,91066,420
France59,17028,83029,570
Jordan58,98557,35655,630
Ghana51,31251,32451,311
Israel50,95547,43149,154
North Korea49,19149,01048,829
Palestine48,39048,50048,610
Guyana47,07846,41146,147
Oman36,34939,22630,895
Albania35,42534,68031,122
Kuwait35,22336,05839,385
Malawi34,13732,08830,578
Taiwan33,98835,34434,874
Lebanon26,90227,48728,515
Dominican Republic24,59724,74127,821
Thailand20,93121,23620,927
Honduras18,80819,63219,000
Venezuela15,58815,26014,919
Colombia15,55616,5696,944
United Arab Emirates14,85820,57126,982
Niger14,34716,36311,029
Belgium14,16011,40010,580
Portugal10,1606,5005,660
Bulgaria7,8009,92011,180
Qatar6,2485,7705,393
South Korea5,1245,1355,179
Moldova4,8004,1835,401
Yemen4,7654,8164,949
Fiji4,6894,1472,526
Senegal4,3494,3634,406
Mauritius3,0583,4963,385
Georgia3,0004,1004,400
Libya2,8822,9012,957
Republic of the Congo2,5842,5912,587
Poland2,400500
Cameroon2,1762,1752,169
Serbia2,0492,0502,051
Austria1,8101,4201,170
Madagascar1,7811,7811,769
Bahrain1,5901,5001,418
Trinidad and Tobago1,3342,3251,467
Cyprus1,2901,3501,230
Hungary1,060830800
North Macedonia962960956
Puerto Rico904900896
Haiti860858857
Malta730850860
Tunisia706708702
Kyrgyzstan583567617
Peru486427356
Jamaica423352357
Slovenia420550500
Bhutan303429300
Brunei298341292
Hong Kong270270269
Gabon223224222
New Caledonia124198146
Costa Rica959595
Djibouti585857
Antigua and Barbuda3334108
Sweden2020
Nauru111
Slovakia110
Total58,680,36057,414,17756,175,068
showing: 94 rows

Which country produces the most eggplants?

The country that produces the most eggplants is the country of China. Over 35.5 tons of eggplants are produced in China every year.

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