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Wolf Population Estimate

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Gray Wolf Population by Country 2024

Country
Wolf Population Estimate
Russia300,000
Canada60,000
Kazakhstan30,000
Mongolia20,000
United States18,000
China12,500
Turkey7,000
Kyrgyzstan4,000
Spain3,000
Poland2,500

Wolves, an integral part of global ecosystems, currently face challenges impacting their populations. Here's an organized overview of the current state of wolf populations worldwide:

Global Overview:

  • Estimated global population: Between 200,000 and 250,000, predominantly gray wolves.
  • Declining populations due to human encroachment, habitat destruction, and climate change.

Europe:

  • Over 17,000 wolves across 28 countries.
  • Austria reports a growing population with at least 56 wolves.
  • Portugal offers full protection, stabilizing numbers at 200-300. Farmers receive compensation for livestock losses.
  • Spain: Around 3,000 wolves, with annual growth. Hunting banned in most regions.
  • Italy: Approximately 3,300 wolves, mainly in national parks.
  • Germany: A few hundred wolves remain, despite protection.
  • Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands have wolves, but population estimates are unavailable.

Asia:

  • Significant population: Between 89,000-105,000 wolves.
  • China: Around 12,500 wolves, mostly in remote areas.
  • India: Approximately 1,000 wolves, with a decreasing trend due to permitted hunting.
  • Iran: Around 1,500 wolves, increasing due to strict hunting penalties.
  • Israel: Stable at 250 wolves, thanks to the 1995 Wildlife Protection Law.
  • Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, and Mongolia report stable populations.

North America:

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Country
Wolf Population Estimate
Details
Russia300,000
Estimate is range 25,000-30,000
Canada60,000
Kazakhstan30,000
Mongolia20,000
Estimate is range 10,000-20,000
United States18,000
China12,500
Turkey7,000
Kyrgyzstan4,000
Spain3,000
Estimate is range 2,000-3,000
Poland2,500
Romania2,500
Italy2,000
Ukraine2,000
Uzbekistan2,000
Belarus2,000
Estimate is range 1,500-2,000
Tajikistan1,700
Iran1,500
Bulgaria1,200
Estimate is range 1,000-1,200
Greece1,020
India1,000
Turkmenistan1,000
North Macedonia1,000
Saudi Arabia700
Estimate is range 250-700
Latvia600
France580
Serbia500
Sweden474
Estimate is range 289-474
Pakistan415
Estimate is range 365-415
Slovakia400
Estimate is range 350-400
Bosnia and Herzegovina400
Lithuania400
Estimate is range 300-400
Portugal300
Estimate is range 200-300
Israel250
Estimate is range 180-250
Albania250
Finland246
Estimate is range 216-246
Germany200
Syria200
Jordan200
Croatia200
Estonia200
Slovenia120
Iraq115
Norway100
Hungary50
Lebanon50
Belgium20
Estimate is range 15-20
Czech Republic20
Nepal10
showing: 48 rows

Which country has the most gray wolves?

Most of the world's gray wolf population is in Canada.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources