Safest Countries In Africa 2021

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Africa is the second-largest continent and second-most-populous continent on Earth. Africa spans over 11.7 million square miles (30.3 million square kilometers) and has a population of about 1.276 billion people. Africa is comprised of 54 countries, according to the United Nations.

Some African countries are much safer to visit than others.

The Global Peace Index

The Global Peace Index is an annual report that measures and ranks the peacefulness of 163 countries around the world. The report is published annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace, who uses 23 indicators of peace to determine the rankings broken down into three categories: Ongoing International and Domestic Conflict, Societal Safety and Security, and Militarization.

These indicators include:

  • Number and duration of internal conflicts
  • Relations with neighboring countries
  • Political instability
  • Level of violent crimes
  • Level of perceived criminality in society

Based on these factors, each country is given a calculated score. The lower the score, the more peaceful the country is.

1. Mauritius

As the safest country in Africa, Mauritius has a Global Peace Index ranking of 24. Mauritius is a multicultural island nation that is family-friendly and secure. Mauritius has a very low crime rate overall and what little crime occurs tends to be petty theft and non-violent. Mauritius has a Level 1 travel advisory issued by the U.S. Department of State to exercise normal precautions.

2. Botswana

Botswana is the second-safest country in Africa. Ranked at position 30 on the GPI, Botswana is a popular tourist destination with attractions such as Chobe National Park, game reserves, and the Tsolido World Heritage site. Botswana has a Level 1 travel advisory from the U.S. Department of State.

3. Malawi

Malawi, the second-safest African country, has a GPI ranking of 40. This puts Malawi just one position below Italy. Crime in Malawi is generally low, with purse-snatching and petty thefts being the largest threats. It is advised to avoid demonstrations and large crowds, specifically in Mulanje district. Malawi’s rank on the Global Peace Index makes it safer than other population travel destinations such as the United Kingdom, Vietnam, Greece, and France.

4. Ghana

Ghana is the fourth-safest country in Africa and sits at position 44 on the Global Peace Index. Although Ghana is still considered safe, it is falling in rankings on the GPI, moving down five positions between 2018 and 2019. Ghana is considered to be safer than Argentina, the UK, South Korea, France, Greece, and other popular travel destinations. Ghana has a Level 1 travel advisory and is generally safe to travel according to the U.S. Department of State.

5. Zambia

Zambia’s GPI ranking is 48, tied with Timor-Leste. Zambia is Africa’s fifth-safest country. Safety is not a concern among travelers, who typically fly into wilderness areas. Cities are where most people experience higher levels of theft. The political situation is relatively stable in Zambia as well. Zambia has a Level 1 travel advisory from the U.S. Department of State.

6. Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is a coastal nation in East Africa. The country has a GPI ranking of 52, a ranking that fell 18 positions from 2018 to 2019. While Sierra Leone is still generally safe to travel to, the U.S. Department of State has issued an advisory to exercise increased caution. Violent crime, such as assault and armed robbery, is common in Sierra Leone and local police lack the training and capacity to effectively respond to violent crime incidents.

7. Tanzania

Tanzania is Africa’s seventh-safest country. Tanzania is ranked 54 on the Global Peace Index. Tanzania’s most popular attraction is the Serengeti Plains, offering tourists the ultimate safari experience. Tanzania has a Level 2 travel advisory. It is recommended to avoid isolated areas, especially at night, and to take taxis that are empty of other passengers and from established taxi companies.

8. Madagascar

Madagascar is tied with South Korea on the GPI at position 55 and is the eighth-safest country in Africa. Although the overall crime rate in Madagascar is lower than most other African countries, it has seen a recent increase, particularly with muggings and robberies, since the fallout of the political turmoil has led to higher rates of unemployment. Madagascar’s travel advisory is at Level 2; however, it is still safer than other popular tourist destinations such as Vietnam, France, and Greece.

9. Senegal

Senegal is the ninth-safest country in Africa. At position 58 on the Global Peace Index, Senegal is just one position below Vietnam and is safer than France and Greece. Senegal has relatively low levels of crime and disease and has a population known for being generous hosts to tourists. Senegal has a Level 1 travel advisory.

10. Liberia

Liberia tops the list of the ten safest countries in Africa. Liberia’s rank on the GPI is 59, just one below Senegal and one above France. The Liberian police are known for being corrupt, while at nowhere near the level they used to be. A tourist visa is required for those visiting Liberia and as well as a yellow fever vaccine.

Safest Countries In Africa 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population
China1,444,216,107
India1,393,409,038
United States332,915,073
Indonesia276,361,783
Pakistan225,199,937
Brazil213,993,437
Nigeria211,400,708
Bangladesh166,303,498
Russia145,912,025
Mexico130,262,216
Japan126,050,804
Ethiopia117,876,227
Philippines111,046,913
Egypt104,258,327
Vietnam98,168,833
Dr Congo92,377,993
Turkey85,042,738
Iran85,028,759
Germany83,900,473
Thailand69,950,850
United Kingdom68,207,116
France65,426,179
Tanzania61,498,437
Italy60,367,477
South Africa60,041,994
Kenya54,985,698
Myanmar54,806,012
South Korea51,305,186
Colombia51,265,844
Uganda47,123,531
Spain46,745,216
Argentina45,605,826
Sudan44,909,353
Algeria44,616,624
Ukraine43,466,819
Iraq41,179,350
Afghanistan39,835,428
Canada38,067,903
Poland37,797,005
Morocco37,344,795
Saudi Arabia35,340,683
Uzbekistan33,935,763
Angola33,933,610
Peru33,359,418
Malaysia32,776,194
Mozambique32,163,047
Ghana31,732,129
Yemen30,490,640
Nepal29,674,920
Venezuela28,704,954
Madagascar28,427,328
Cameroon27,224,265
Ivory Coast27,053,629
North Korea25,887,041
Australia25,788,215
Niger25,130,817
Taiwan23,855,010
Sri Lanka21,497,310
Burkina Faso21,497,096
Mali20,855,735
Malawi19,647,684
Chile19,212,361
Romania19,127,774
Kazakhstan18,994,962
Zambia18,920,651
Syria18,275,702
Guatemala18,249,860
Ecuador17,888,475
Senegal17,196,301
Netherlands17,173,099
Cambodia16,946,438
Chad16,914,985
Somalia16,359,504
Zimbabwe15,092,171
Guinea13,497,244
Rwanda13,276,513
Benin12,451,040
Burundi12,255,433
Tunisia11,935,766
Bolivia11,832,940
Belgium11,632,326
Haiti11,541,685
South Sudan11,381,378
Cuba11,317,505
Dominican Republic10,953,703
Czech Republic10,724,555
Greece10,370,744
Jordan10,269,021
Azerbaijan10,223,342
Portugal10,167,925
Sweden10,160,169
Honduras10,062,991
United Arab Emirates9,991,089
Tajikistan9,749,627
Hungary9,634,164
Belarus9,442,862
Papua New Guinea9,119,010
Austria9,043,070
Israel8,789,774
Switzerland8,715,494
Serbia8,697,550
Togo8,478,250
Sierra Leone8,141,343
Hong Kong7,552,810
Laos7,379,358
Paraguay7,219,638
Libya6,958,532
Bulgaria6,896,663
Lebanon6,769,146
Nicaragua6,702,385
Kyrgyzstan6,628,356
El Salvador6,518,499
Turkmenistan6,117,924
Singapore5,896,686
Denmark5,813,298
Republic Of The Congo5,657,013
Finland5,548,360
Norway5,465,630
Slovakia5,460,721
Oman5,223,375
Palestine5,222,748
Liberia5,180,203
Costa Rica5,139,052
Ireland4,982,907
Central African Republic4,919,981
New Zealand4,860,643
Mauritania4,775,119
Panama4,381,579
Kuwait4,328,550
Croatia4,081,651
Moldova4,024,019
Georgia3,979,765
Eritrea3,601,467
Uruguay3,485,151
Mongolia3,329,289
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,263,466
Jamaica2,973,463
Armenia2,968,127
Qatar2,930,528
Albania2,872,933
Puerto Rico2,828,255
Lithuania2,689,862
Namibia2,587,344
Gambia2,486,945
Botswana2,397,241
Gabon2,278,825
Lesotho2,159,079
North Macedonia2,082,658
Slovenia2,078,724
Guinea Bissau2,015,494
Latvia1,866,942
Bahrain1,748,296
Equatorial Guinea1,449,896
Trinidad And Tobago1,403,375
Timor Leste1,343,873
Estonia1,325,185
Mauritius1,273,433
Cyprus1,215,584
Eswatini1,172,362
Djibouti1,002,187
Fiji902,906
Reunion901,686
Comoros888,451
Guyana790,326
Bhutan779,898
Solomon Islands703,996
Macau658,394
Luxembourg634,814
Montenegro628,053
Western Sahara611,875
Suriname591,800
Cape Verde561,898
Maldives543,617
Malta442,784
Brunei441,532
Belize404,914
Guadeloupe400,020
Bahamas396,913
Martinique374,745
Iceland343,353
Vanuatu314,464
French Guiana306,448
New Caledonia288,218
Barbados287,711
French Polynesia282,530
Mayotte279,515
Sao Tome And Principe223,368
Samoa200,149
Saint Lucia184,400
Guam170,179
Curacao164,798
Kiribati121,392
Micronesia116,254
Grenada113,021
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines111,263
Aruba107,204
Tonga106,760
United States Virgin Islands104,226
Seychelles98,908
Antigua And Barbuda98,731
Isle Of Man85,410
Andorra77,355
Dominica72,167
Cayman Islands66,497
Bermuda62,090
Marshall Islands59,610
Northern Mariana Islands57,917
Greenland56,877
American Samoa55,100
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,544
Faroe Islands49,049
Sint Maarten43,412
Monaco39,511
Saint Martin39,234
Turks And Caicos Islands39,231
Liechtenstein38,250
San Marino34,017
Gibraltar33,698
British Virgin Islands30,421
Palau18,169
Cook Islands17,565
Anguilla15,117
Tuvalu11,931
Wallis And Futuna11,094
Nauru10,876
Saint Barthelemy9,907
Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,766
Montserrat4,977
Falkland Islands3,533
Niue1,619
Tokelau1,373
Vatican City800

Safest Countries In Africa 2021