Caucasian Countries 2022

map placeholder

In modern usage, "caucasian" is a term, largely by scholars to be outdated and obsolete, used to racially categorize a person with light-colored, or "white" skin. Like most racial categorizations, the term has fallen into disuse as increasing evidence confirms that race is a social construct rather than a genetic classification. Historically, the caucasian people originated in Europe and remain the most common demographic group in much of Europe, as well as the United States and Canada. Because the term has evolved since its inception, "caucasian" has two possible meanings. In a historical context, a caucasian country would be one in a specific region of Western Asia/Eastern Europe. In a modern sense, a caucasian country is any in which the majority of the population is white.

Caucasian countries (historic definition):

Armenia Azerbaijan Georgia Russia (Causacus region only)

Caucasian majority countries (modern "synonymous with white" definition):

Albania Chile Greece Monaco Slovenia
Andorra Croatia Hungary Montenegro Spain
Argentina Cuba Iceland Netherlands Sweden
Armenia Cyprus Ireland New Zealand Switzerland
Australia Czech Republic Italy Norway Turkey
Austria Denmark Kazakhstan Poland Ukraine
Azerbaijan Estonia Latvia Portugal United Kingdom
Belarus Faroe Islands Liechtenstein Romania United States
Belgium Finland Lithuania Russia Uruguay
Bosnia and Herzegovina France Luxembourg San Marino Vatican City
Bulgaria Georgia Malta Serbia
Canada Germany Moldova Slovakia

The Caucasus and the original meaning of caucasian

The Caucasus was a specific region located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and divided into northern and southern halves, known as Ciscaucasia and Transcaucasia. Today, the area is the border between Europe and Asia, occupied by Armenia and the transcontinenal countries of Azerbaijan, Georgia, and the southernmost tip of Russia.

While the 12 ethnic groups who inhabited the Caucasus region spoke a collective total of more than 100 languages, the caucasian race (as originally defined) was notably more expansive, including most people originating from Europe, Western Asia, South Asia, Central Asia, the Horn of Africa, and North Africa. By this original definition, caucasians displayed skin tones ranging from white to dark brown, hair from blonde to black, and eyes ranging from blue to brown.

History of the term caucasian

The term caucasian has its root in the late 18th century, but sources differ slightly upon the fine details of its origin. Some sources claim caucasian was created along with the word Caucasoid, which was one of three races—the other two being Mongoloid (Asians) and Negroid (black)—described by the Göttingen school of history in Germany in the 1780s. European scholars in that time believed the human race originated in the Caucasus Mountains, where Noah's Ark was said to have settled after the Biblical flood. Some theories went so far as to postulate that a person's skin color indicated which of Noah's three sons had sired that person's family line: Shem (Asians), Ham (Africans), or Japheth (Indo-Europeans).

Other sources instead name five races, first defined by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach in 1779: Caucasians (Europe, North Africa, Western Asia, and Asia Minor), Mongolians (East, Central, and Southern Asia), Ethiopian/Aethiopians (Sub-Saharan Africa), Americans (Natives of North and South America), and Malayans (Southeast Asia/Polynesia).

Whichever origin one prefers, what followed is undisputed: The concept of races quickly took hold in the growing field of anthropology, which quickly added more races and subdivisions. For example, during the 19th century, the classification of the Caucasoid race was both refined and expanded upon to include three ethnolinguistic groups (the Aryans, Semitics, and Hamitics) as well as several subraces, including Atlantic, Arabid, Irani, Armenoid, Nordic, Alpine, and Mediterranean (among others).

Despite significant research designed to identify racial differences based upon qualities such as cranium shape and genetic predisposition to certain climates or geographies, specific races proved remarkably difficult to define. In his 1871 work, The Descent of Man, Charles Darwin noted that anthropologists couldn't seem to agree upon how many species the human race included. Some anthropologists said one. Others theorized there were two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, eleven, fifteen, sixteen, twenty-two, sixty, and even sixty-three different species, or races, of mankind.

Anthropologists may have experienced complications in determining the number of races in the world, but society as a whole had no such trouble creating divides between the races—and using race to exploit one another socially and economically. While the interactions between whites and blacks are arguably the most well-known, racism between other races (and ethnicities and/or nationalities) also thrived.

The phasing out of caucasian and other racial terminology

Over time, both the meaning of "caucasian" and the concept of race itself have evolved. Caucasian has become a synonym for "white"—particularly in North America—but is still fading in use. Moreover, the traditional concept of race has been largely discredited as advances in genetics have proven that the notion of genetically distinct races is scientifically inaccurate. There is, the prevailing theory states, one single human race with a dazzling range of variation therein. Today's anthropologists instead develop models based upon genetic phenotypes and socio-ethnic cultural lines. Ironically, racism still exists, further demonstrating the importance of moving on from the incorrect, regressive, and socially damaging "traditional" definition of race.

Caucasian Countries 2022

Country Region 2022 Population
AlbaniaEurope2,866,374
AndorraEurope77,463
ArgentinaSouth America46,010,234
ArmeniaAsia2,971,966
AustraliaOceania26,068,792
AustriaEurope9,066,710
AzerbaijanAsia10,300,205
BelarusEurope9,432,800
BelgiumEurope11,668,278
Bosnia And HerzegovinaEurope3,249,317
BulgariaEurope6,844,597
CanadaNorth America38,388,419
ChileSouth America19,250,195
CroatiaEurope4,059,286
CubaNorth America11,305,652
CyprusEurope1,223,387
Czech RepublicEurope10,736,784
DenmarkEurope5,834,950
EstoniaEurope1,321,910
Faroe IslandsEurope49,233
FinlandEurope5,554,960
FranceEurope65,584,518
GeorgiaAsia3,968,738
GermanyEurope83,883,596
GreeceEurope10,316,637
HungaryEurope9,606,259
IcelandEurope345,393
IrelandEurope5,020,199
ItalyEurope60,262,770
KazakhstanAsia19,205,043
LatviaEurope1,848,837
LiechtensteinEurope38,387
LithuaniaEurope2,661,708
LuxembourgEurope642,371
MaltaEurope444,033
MoldovaEurope4,013,171
MonacoEurope39,783
MontenegroEurope627,950
NetherlandsEurope17,211,447
New ZealandOceania4,898,203
NorwayEurope5,511,370
PolandEurope37,739,785
PortugalEurope10,140,570
RomaniaEurope19,031,335
RussiaEurope145,805,947
San MarinoEurope34,085
SerbiaEurope8,653,016
SlovakiaEurope5,460,193
SloveniaEurope2,078,034
SpainEurope46,719,142
SwedenEurope10,218,971
SwitzerlandEurope8,773,637
TurkeyAsia85,561,976
UkraineEurope43,192,122
United KingdomEurope68,497,907
United StatesNorth America334,805,269
UruguaySouth America3,496,016
Vatican CityEurope799

Caucasian Countries 2022

Sources