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Largest Countries in Europe 2024

With a total area of 10,186,000 km² (3,932,836 mi²), Europe is actually smaller than every other continent except Australia/Oceania. However, it is also one of the most densely populated and contains at least 50 countries (depending upon how one counts) as well as several dependent territories. One of those countries, in fact, is the largest in the world. What are the largest countries in Europe? Let's find out:

Top 10 Largest Countries in Europe (by total area):

Area (km²)

The largest country in Europe is easily Russia, and by a large margin. This ranking is made more impressive by the fact that Russia is a transcontinental country, with land in both Europe and Asia. In fact, in terms of land area, Russia is also the largest country in Asia and also the largest country in the world. Russia’s population is more than 145.9 million people, which puts it in ninth place on the list of the world's most populous countries.

Territories and transcontinental countries

Russia is not the only country to straddle the line between Europe and Asia. Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cyprus, Turkey, and even Kazakhstan are all considered European by some agencies and Asian by others. When counted as European, Kazakhstan ranks as the second-largest country in Europe at 2,724,900 (1,052,100). Dependent territories are another gray area. Many European countries embraced expansionist policies during the Age of Exploration, and some of those countries oversee external territories to this day. The most relevant of these territories in terms of area is Greenland, whose actual size isn't quite what it appears to be on most maps, but which would still add 2,166,086 km² (836,330 mi²) of area to tiny Denmark 43,094 km² (16,639 mi²). this would make Denmark the second- or third-largest country in Europe (depending upon whether Kazakhstan was included)—despite the fact that Greenland is actually located in North America. However, territories are typically left out of official measurements of a country's area. Europe is also home to many of the world's smallest countries. While most continents include tiny island nations, none but Europe have so many land-locked and/or coastal micronations.

Top 10 Smallest Countries in Europe (by total area):

Area (km²)
Vatican City< 0.1%
Monaco< 0.1%
Gibraltar< 0.1%
San Marino< 0.1%
Guernsey< 0.1%
Jersey< 0.1%
Liechtenstein< 0.1%
Malta< 0.1%
Andorra< 0.1%
Isle of Man< 0.1%

The smallest country in Europe is Vatican City, which is .44 km² (.169 mi²). Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, located in Rome, Italy, and has a population of about 1,000 people. Also notable on this list is Kosovo, a territory that has been recognized by more than 100 United Nations members, but has thus far been stonewalled by Russia and China, whose recognition it needs to separate from its parent country, Serbia, and attain full sovereign nation status.

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Area (km²)
Area (mi²)
% of Earth's Area
Russia11.48%11.48%11.48%Eastern Europe
Ukraine0.41%0.41%0.41%Eastern Europe
France0.37%0.37%0.37%Western Europe
Spain0.34%0.34%0.34%Southern Europe
Sweden0.3%0.3%0.3%Northern Europe
Germany0.24%0.24%0.24%Western Europe
Finland0.23%0.23%0.23%Northern Europe
Norway0.22%0.22%0.22%Northern Europe
Poland0.21%0.21%0.21%Eastern Europe
Italy0.2%0.2%0.2%Southern Europe
United Kingdom0.16%0.16%0.16%Northern Europe
Romania0.16%0.16%0.16%Eastern Europe
Belarus0.14%0.14%0.14%Eastern Europe
Greece< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
Bulgaria< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Europe
Iceland< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Northern Europe
Hungary< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Europe
Portugal< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
Serbia< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
Austria< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Europe
Czech Republic< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Europe
Ireland< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Northern Europe
Lithuania< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Northern Europe
Latvia< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Northern Europe
Croatia< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
Slovakia< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Europe
Estonia< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Northern Europe
Denmark< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Northern Europe
Netherlands< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Europe
Switzerland< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Europe
Moldova< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Europe
Belgium< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Europe
Albania< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
North Macedonia< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
Slovenia< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
Montenegro< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
Cyprus< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Eastern Europe, The Middle East
Luxembourg< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Europe
Faroe Islands< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Northern Europe
Isle of Man< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Northern Europe
Andorra< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
Malta< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
Liechtenstein< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Europe
Jersey< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Northern Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa
Guernsey< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Northern Europe
San Marino< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
Gibraltar< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
Monaco< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Western Europe
Vatican City< 0.1%< 0.1%< 0.1%Southern Europe
showing: 50 rows

What are the three biggest European countries?

The three biggest European countries by total area are Russia, Ukraine, and France.

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