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Largest Countries in Europe 2024

With a total area of 10,186,000 km² (3,932,836 mi²), Europe is actually smaller than every other continent except Australia/Oceania. However, it is also one of the most densely populated and contains at least 50 countries (depending upon how one counts) as well as several dependent territories. One of those countries, in fact, is the largest in the world. What are the largest countries in Europe? Let's find out:

Top 10 Largest Countries in Europe (by total area):

Area (km²)

The largest country in Europe is easily Russia, and by a large margin. This ranking is made more impressive by the fact that Russia is a transcontinental country, with land in both Europe and Asia. In fact, in terms of land area, Russia is also the largest country in Asia and also the largest country in the world. Russia’s population is more than 145.9 million people, which puts it in ninth place on the list of the world's most populous countries.

Territories and transcontinental countries

Russia is not the only country to straddle the line between Europe and Asia. Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cyprus, Turkey, and even Kazakhstan are all considered European by some agencies and Asian by others. When counted as European, Kazakhstan ranks as the second-largest country in Europe at 2,724,900 (1,052,100). Dependent territories are another gray area. Many European countries embraced expansionist policies during the Age of Exploration, and some of those countries oversee external territories to this day. The most relevant of these territories in terms of area is Greenland, whose actual size isn't quite what it appears to be on most maps, but which would still add 2,166,086 km² (836,330 mi²) of area to tiny Denmark 43,094 km² (16,639 mi²). this would make Denmark the second- or third-largest country in Europe (depending upon whether Kazakhstan was included)—despite the fact that Greenland is actually located in North America. However, territories are typically left out of official measurements of a country's area. Europe is also home to many of the world's smallest countries. While most continents include tiny island nations, none but Europe have so many land-locked and/or coastal micronations.

Top 10 Smallest Countries in Europe (by total area):

The smallest country in Europe is Vatican City, which is .44 km² (.169 mi²). Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, located in Rome, Italy, and has a population of about 1,000 people. Also notable on this list is Kosovo, a territory that has been recognized by more than 100 United Nations members, but has thus far been stonewalled by Russia and China, whose recognition it needs to separate from its parent country, Serbia, and attain full sovereign nation status.

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Area (km²)
Area (mi²)
% of Earth's Area
Russia17.1M17.1M11.52%Eastern Europe
Ukraine603.5K603.5K0.41%Eastern Europe
France551.7K551.7K0.37%Western Europe
Spain506K506K0.34%Southern Europe
Sweden450.3K450.3K0.3%Northern Europe
Germany357.1K357.1K0.24%Western Europe
Finland338.4K338.4K0.23%Northern Europe
Norway323.8K323.8K0.22%Northern Europe
Poland312.7K312.7K0.21%Eastern Europe
Italy301.3K301.3K0.2%Southern Europe
United Kingdom242.9K242.9K0.16%Northern Europe
Romania238.4K238.4K0.16%Eastern Europe
Belarus207.6K207.6K0.14%Eastern Europe
Greece132K132K< 0.1%Southern Europe
Bulgaria110.9K110.9K< 0.1%Eastern Europe
Iceland103K103K< 0.1%Northern Europe
Hungary93K93K< 0.1%Eastern Europe
Portugal92.1K92.1K< 0.1%Southern Europe
Serbia88.4K88.4K< 0.1%Southern Europe
Austria83.9K83.9K< 0.1%Western Europe
Czech Republic78.9K78.9K< 0.1%Eastern Europe
Ireland70.3K70.3K< 0.1%Northern Europe
Lithuania65.3K65.3K< 0.1%Northern Europe
Latvia64.6K64.6K< 0.1%Northern Europe
Croatia56.6K56.6K< 0.1%Southern Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina51.2K51.2K< 0.1%Southern Europe
Slovakia49K49K< 0.1%Eastern Europe
Estonia45.2K45.2K< 0.1%Northern Europe
Denmark43.1K43.1K< 0.1%Northern Europe
Netherlands41.9K41.9K< 0.1%Western Europe
Switzerland41.3K41.3K< 0.1%Western Europe
Moldova33.8K33.8K< 0.1%Eastern Europe
Belgium30.5K30.5K< 0.1%Western Europe
Albania28.7K28.7K< 0.1%Southern Europe
North Macedonia25.7K25.7K< 0.1%Southern Europe
Slovenia20.3K20.3K< 0.1%Southern Europe
Montenegro13.8K13.8K< 0.1%Southern Europe
Cyprus9.3K9.3K< 0.1%Eastern Europe, The Middle East
Luxembourg2.6K2.6K< 0.1%Western Europe
Faroe Islands1.4K1.4K< 0.1%Northern Europe
Isle of Man572572< 0.1%Northern Europe
Andorra468468< 0.1%Southern Europe
Malta316316< 0.1%Southern Europe
Liechtenstein160160< 0.1%Western Europe
Jersey116116< 0.1%Northern Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa
Guernsey7878< 0.1%Northern Europe
San Marino6161< 0.1%Southern Europe
Gibraltar77< 0.1%Southern Europe
Monaco22< 0.1%Western Europe
Vatican City< 1< 1< 0.1%Southern Europe
showing: 50 rows

What are the three biggest European countries?

The three biggest European countries by total area are Russia, Ukraine, and France.

Frequently Asked Questions