The world's largest and most populous continent, Asia has a total population of over 4 billion. The continent is dominated by China and India, with about 1.44 and 1.38 billion people, respectively. India's population is predicted to outgrow China by 2024.
Four other Asian countries are also extremely large, with populations over 100 million. Each of these nations is geographically and culturally distinct, emphasizing the size and diversity of the Asian continent. These countries are:
- Indonesia - 273.5 million
- Pakistan - 220.9 million
- Japan - 126.5 million
- Philippines - 109.6 million
While Japan has a large population of over 126 million, its population is currently declining and is expected to shrink to about 105.8 million by 2050. This is a 16.3% decline, primarily attributed to low fertility rates and an aging population.
The majority of Asia's 49 countries have populations of between 10 million and 100 million. At the higher end are countries like Vietnam (97 million), Turkey (84.3 million), and Thailand (69.8 million), while Taiwan (23.8 million) and Kazakhstan (18.8 million) have lower, though still substantial, populations. Several countries also have populations of fewer than ten million, such as Israel (8.65 million), Hong Kong (7.5 million), and Singapore (5.85 million).
The smallest Asian countries are, again, geographically and culturally diverse. The tiny country of Brunei, on the island of Borneo, has a population of just 437,000. The Maldives, a tropical island country in the Indian Ocean, has 540,500 people, while the landlocked Kingdom of Bhutan, located in the Eastern Himalayas and bordered by China, has just 771,600 inhabitants.