Largest Countries in Asia 2022

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With a total land area of 31,105,763 km2 (12,009,997 mi2), Asia is far and away the largest continent on Earth. Asia features a wide range of biomes and climates, from the frigid tundra of Siberia in Russia to the deserts of Saudi Arabia to the equatorial jungles of Indonesia. What are the largest countries in Asia? The answer to that question is not entirely straightforward. Asia includes 45 sovereign states that are fully recognized by the United Nations, as well as several non-country territories such as Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, and Palestine, and four transcontinental countries (Russia, Egypt, Cyprus, and Turkey) that have land in Asia but are typically counted as European or African. This is important because two of those transcontinental countries, Russia and Turkey, are the first and tenth largest on the continent when counted as Asian. The list below shows them (marked with an *) in relation to Asia's "proper" top 10 largest countries.

Top 12 Largest Countries in Asia by Land Area (United Nations):

  1. Russia* — 16,376,870 km2 (6,323,142 mi2)
  2. China — 9,388,210 km2 (3,624,807 mi2)
  3. India — 2,973,190 km2 (1,147,955 mi2)
  4. Kazakhstan — 2,699,700 km2 (1,042,360 mi2)
  5. Saudi Arabia — 2,149,690 km2 (830,000 mi2)
  6. Indonesia — 1,877,519 km2 (724,914 mi2)
  7. Iran — 1,628,760 km2 (628,867 mi2)
  8. Mongolia — 1,557,250 km2 (601,257 mi2)
  9. Pakistan — 770,880 km2 (297,638 mi2)
  10. Turkey* — 769,630 km2 (297,156 mi2)
  11. Myanmar — 769,630 km2 (297,156 mi2)
  12. Afghanistan — 652,230 km2 (251,827 mi2)

Whether grouped with Asia or Europe, Russia tops any list of the world's largest countries by area, being nearly twice the size of the next closest country. The order of the next three countries, Canada, the United States, and China, varies a bit depending upon two variables. First, whether the ranking counts land area or total area, which also includes certain bodies of water such as rivers, lakes, and coastal waters. And second, whether China's area should include only the mainland or also its territory Taiwan and Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau, all three of which would likely be independent countries if not for China's influence at the United Nations.

Country Land Area Total Area Inland Waters
Canada 896,559 987,975 91,416
China (all regions) 942,470 960,001 17,531
China (mainland only) 938,821 956,291 17,470
United States 914,742 983,151 68,409

Asia is also the globe's most populous continent thanks to the presence of China (pop. 1,444,216,107) and India (pop. 1,393,409,038), the world's two most heavily populated countries. Together, these two countries accounted for just over 36% of the world's total population in 2021. In fact, when ordered in terms of population instead of land area, the list of largest countries in Asia shifts considerably:

Top 13 Largest Countries in Asia by Population (United Nations 2021):

  1. China — 1,444,216,107
  2. India — 1,393,409,038
  3. Indonesia — 276,361,783
  4. Pakistan — 225,199,937
  5. Bangladesh — 166,303,498
  6. Russia* — 145,934,462
  7. Japan — 126,050,804
  8. Philippines — 111,046,913
  9. Egypt* — 104,258,327
  10. Vietnam — 98,168,833
  11. Turkey* — 85,042,738
  12. Iran — 85,028,759
  13. Thailand — 69,950,850

Asia also includes several of the world's smallest countries. The smallest nation in Asia is Macau, a non-sovereign "Special Administrative Region" claimed by China. Due to its connections with China, Macau is not always considered a fully fledged country. But when it is, it is also the eighth smallest country in the world. Macau squeezes a population of roughly 682,800 into a tiny total area of 33 km2 (13 mi2).

Top 14 Smallest Countries in Asia by Land Area (United Nations)

  1. Macau (China SAR) — 33 km2 (13 mi2)
  2. Maldives — 300 km2 (116 mi2)
  3. Singapore — 716 km2 (276 mi2)
  4. Bahrain — 783 km2 (302 mi2)
  5. Hong Kong (China SAR) — 1,050 km2 (405 mi2)
  6. Brunei Darussalam — 5,270 km2 (2,035 mi2)
  7. Palestine (U.N. observer state) — 6,020 km2 (2,324 mi2)
  8. Cyprus* — 9,240 km2 (3,568 mi2)
  9. Lebanon — 10,230 km2 (3,950 mi2)
  10. Qatar — 11,490 km2 (4,436 mi2)
  11. Timor-Leste — 14,870 km2 (5,741 mi2)
  12. Kuwait — 17,820 km2 (6,880 mi2)
  13. Israel — 21,640 km2 (8,355 mi2)
  14. Bhutan — 28,140 km2 (10,865 mi2)

Largest Countries in Asia 2022

Rank Country Area (mi²) % of Earth's Area 2022 Population
1China3,746,887 mi²6.54%1,448,471,400
2India1,269,010 mi²2.21%1,406,631,776
3Kazakhstan1,051,811 mi²1.84%19,205,043
4Saudi Arabia829,780 mi²1.45%35,844,909
5Indonesia735,164 mi²1.28%279,134,505
6Iran636,203 mi²1.11%86,022,837
7Mongolia603,746 mi²1.05%3,378,078
8Pakistan340,418 mi²0.59%229,488,994
9Turkey302,455 mi²0.53%85,561,976
10Myanmar261,159 mi²0.46%55,227,143
11Afghanistan251,761 mi²0.44%40,754,388
12Yemen203,796 mi²0.36%31,154,867
13Thailand198,064 mi²0.35%70,078,203
14Turkmenistan188,407 mi²0.33%6,201,943
15Uzbekistan172,696 mi²0.30%34,382,084
16Iraq169,190 mi²0.30%42,164,965
17Japan145,881 mi²0.25%125,584,838
18Philippines132,148 mi²0.23%112,508,994
19Vietnam127,848 mi²0.22%98,953,541
20Malaysia127,690 mi²0.22%33,181,072
21Oman119,467 mi²0.21%5,323,993
22Laos91,405 mi²0.16%7,481,023
23Kyrgyzstan77,181 mi²0.13%6,728,271
24Syria71,479 mi²0.12%19,364,809
25Cambodia69,880 mi²0.12%17,168,639
26Bangladesh56,962 mi²< 0.1%167,885,689
27Nepal56,812 mi²< 0.1%30,225,582
28Tajikistan55,237 mi²< 0.1%9,957,464
29North Korea46,528 mi²< 0.1%25,990,679
30South Korea38,681 mi²< 0.1%51,329,899
31Jordan34,486 mi²< 0.1%10,300,869
32Azerbaijan33,428 mi²< 0.1%10,300,205
33United Arab Emirates32,270 mi²< 0.1%10,081,785
34Georgia26,904 mi²< 0.1%3,968,738
35Sri Lanka25,325 mi²< 0.1%21,575,842
36Bhutan14,820 mi²< 0.1%787,941
37Taiwan13,970 mi²< 0.1%23,888,595
38Armenia11,481 mi²< 0.1%2,971,966
39Israel8,017 mi²< 0.1%8,922,892
40Kuwait6,878 mi²< 0.1%4,380,326
41Timor Leste5,741 mi²< 0.1%1,369,429
42Qatar4,472 mi²< 0.1%2,979,915
43Lebanon4,034 mi²< 0.1%6,684,849
44Palestine2,401 mi²< 0.1%5,345,541
45Brunei2,225 mi²< 0.1%445,431
46Hong Kong426 mi²< 0.1%7,604,299
47Bahrain295 mi²< 0.1%1,783,983
48Singapore274 mi²< 0.1%5,943,546
49Maldives116 mi²< 0.1%540,985
50Macau12 mi²< 0.1%667,490

Largest Countries in Asia 2022

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