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Millet Production 2021 (tons)

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Millet Production by Country 2024

Millet is a type of grass that yields small, nutritious seeds. It is also one of the world’s longest-standing agricultural crops, so it’s been a staple in many diets around the world for thousands of years. It’s an important cash crop for many countries worldwide, as well.

However, millet production is naturally not equally distributed around the world. Here’s an overview of which world countries are the top millet producers, as well as a few factors that may affect a country’s annual production.

Top Millet-Producing Countries in 2023

As of 2023, the following countries are among the biggest, most consistent contributors to the world’s ongoing millet supply.

India

India is by far the top world producer of millet as of 2023 with an approximate annual yield of 13,210 kilotons. India is also one of several countries where millet is a key staple food and cash crop.

India’s vast size and wide variety of different growing environments enable it to not only produce large quantities of millet in general but also to grow many different varieties. Examples include sorghum, finger millet, and pearl millet.

China

Like India, China is also a large country with many different agricultural environments to fall back on. However, although it is the world’s second-largest millet producer, it produces significantly less than India – approximately 2,000 kilotons a year.

Millet is an important component in Chinese cuisine, as well as a key contributor to the nation’s ongoing food security.

Niger

As millet is a major staple food for the people of Niger, it’s unsurprising that the country is a key contributor to the world’s millet supply. Ample support for potential millet farmers combined with Niger’s trademark arid growing climate has helped to keep millet supplies abundant here.

Additional countries that grow a lot of millet each year include Mali, Nigeria, Sudan, Senegal, and Ethiopia.

Factors That Can Affect Millet Production by Country

Millet is a versatile crop that can grow well in a variety of different environments. However, climate, soil quality, and growing conditions remain perhaps the biggest contributors to a country’s annual millet yields. Others include the following examples.

Financial Support

In countries where millet farming is encouraged and supported by the government, millet yields are likely to be higher. The same goes for countries where growers have easy access to credit or additional financing.

Cultural Preference

How heavily millet factors into a country’s local cuisine, dietary preferences, and agricultural traditions will naturally affect annual yields, as well. In many cases, top millet-producing countries are also countries where the people view it as a staple food.

  • All values rounded to the nearest whole ton.

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Country
Millet Production 2021 (tons)
Millet Production 2020 (tons)
Millet Production 2019 (tons)
India13,210,00012,488,47010,235,830
China2,700,0002,807,0002,300,000
Niger2,146,7063,508,9033,270,453
Nigeria1,922,0001,905,0001,925,075
Sudan1,500,000422,1071,133,000
Mali1,487,6831,921,1711,878,527
Senegal1,039,8601,144,855807,044
Ethiopia1,000,0001,218,5821,125,958
Burkina Faso718,000957,253970,176
Chad621,367686,584717,621
Russia368,137396,458439,771
United States348,720217,110376,660
Tanzania335,000325,000385,962
Nepal326,443320,953314,225
Myanmar240,000145,938151,771
Pakistan226,317266,076384,378
Ghana225,000233,000190,000
Guinea216,579213,420210,303
Ukraine204,990256,050169,730
Uzbekistan99,80099,100104,300
Cameroon98,21198,03897,702
Namibia85,00095,00018,700
Uganda78,25070,00072,000
North Korea76,18076,34275,590
Ivory Coast67,00069,46566,248
Kenya63,000153,000135,000
South Sudan47,85135,85133,558
Malawi46,38648,93144,718
Zimbabwe45,19343,41129,185
DR Congo39,47139,95339,564
Australia36,62136,52436,427
Gambia36,00043,00043,000
Kazakhstan35,82539,85242,617
Angola35,00055,00056,688
Zambia34,70245,00524,843
Sierra Leone30,15032,00038,000
Yemen30,00040,00050,393
Togo28,00027,00026,806
Mozambique25,00022,09940,545
Eritrea25,00025,00025,000
Benin23,45627,29426,250
Belarus17,45215,63718,016
Republic of the Congo14,08814,04213,867
Iran12,33712,27212,028
Saudi Arabia12,16311,70112,748
Burundi11,00011,00010,195
Central African Republic10,00010,00010,000
Bangladesh9,6169,6169,039
Argentina9,5085,4414,140
South Africa6,3306,3256,346
Libya6,0006,0006,000
Morocco5,0995,1645,229
Rwanda5,0735,0905,080
Turkey4,3205,7114,765
Iraq3,4413,5051,610
Afghanistan2,6161,8952,714
Azerbaijan2,6074,1175,468
Vietnam2,1072,0503,895
Botswana1,7737,369902
Bhutan1,1221,6131,240
South Korea1,0001,0001,000
Mauritania1,0003,0003,000
Switzerland9128011,469
Taiwan498499501
Sri Lanka34810768
Mexico276279276
Japan249251251
Tajikistan167155108
Serbia107106109
Kyrgyzstan93320164
Syria62222
Moldova6015173
North Macedonia333333
Maldives555
Total30,064,36030,801,13628,254,057
showing: 74 rows

Which country produces the most millet?

The country that produces the most millet is India. Every year, 13,210 kt of millet is produced in the country. China is the next closest country but only produces a little over 2,000 kt of millet per year.

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