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Permitless Carry
29
Requires Permit
22

Constitutional Carry States 2024

Constitutional Carry States 2024

In the United States, the phrase "constitutional carry," also called permitless carry, means that someone can carry a concealed handgun without a license or permit. The term was derived from the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which gives citizens the right to bear arms. As of 2024, there are 29 states with Constitutional Carry, the 29th being Louisiana, where CC goes into effect on July 4, 2024.

Aside from constitutional carry, states have concealed carry and open carry. In concealed carry states, a person can carry a legal weapon in their vehicle or on their person as long as it is hidden from sight. A permit is required in several states, and every state has laws about whether or not a permit will be issued to residents or non-residents. In open carry states, a person can legally carry their firearm in a holster or attached to a sling so that it is in the open and easily accessible.

As of mid-2024, twenty-nine states allow Constitutional Carry. (PC-xx numbers indicate the required age of the carrier)

In many of these states, a person must be 18 or 21 years old to possess a firearm. Some states have an age requirement of 21 but allow military members to permitless carry at 18. It is important to check local laws to know the status of permitless carry.

Illinois, New Mexico, and Montana have a limited form of concealed carry that does not require a permit. In Illinois, a permit is not required to carry a handgun that is unloaded and fully enclosed. In New Mexico, it is legal to carry a loaded, concealed weapon while traveling in a vehicle, including cars, motorcycles, bicycles, and horseback. Montana does not quite make the cut for constitutional carry because it authorizes people to carry without a permit in restricted non-populated areas in Montana.

Constitutional Carry States 2024

Notes:
- Constitutional carry means that the state’s law does not prohibit citizens who legally possess a handgun from carrying it openly and/or in a concealed manner. Therefore, no state permit is required.
- Permitless carry includes not only constitutional carry states but also states where the carrier must meet certain qualifications in order to legally carry, such as having no DUIs for 5 years.
- Some states allow open carry without a permit but require a permit for concealed carry.

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State
Constitutional Carry Status
Minimum Age
Additional Details
AlabamaPermitless Carry21
AlaskaPermitless Carry21
ArizonaPermitless Carry21
ArkansasPermitless Carry18
FloridaPermitless Carry21
Effective as of July 1, 2023
GeorgiaPermitless Carry21
18 for military
IdahoPermitless Carry18
IndianaPermitless Carry18
IowaPermitless Carry21
KansasPermitless Carry21
KentuckyPermitless Carry21
LouisianaPermitless Carry21
Effective July 4, 2024
MainePermitless Carry21
Recognizes reciprocity permits
MississippiPermitless Carry21
MissouriPermitless Carry19
18 for military
MontanaPermitless Carry18
NebraskaPermitless Carry21
New HampshirePermitless Carry18
North DakotaPermitless Carry18
As of August 30, 2023, permitless carry allowed for non-residents as well as residents
OhioPermitless Carry21
OklahomaPermitless Carry21
18 for military
South CarolinaPermitless Carry18
South DakotaPermitless Carry18
TennesseePermitless Carry21
18 for military
TexasPermitless Carry21
UtahPermitless Carry21
VermontPermitless Carry18
West VirginiaPermitless Carry21
WyomingPermitless Carry21
CaliforniaRequires Permit
ColoradoRequires Permit
ConnecticutRequires Permit
DelawareRequires Permit
District of ColumbiaRequires Permit
HawaiiRequires Permit
IllinoisRequires Permit
MarylandRequires Permit
MassachusettsRequires Permit
MichiganRequires Permit
MinnesotaRequires Permit
NevadaRequires Permit
New JerseyRequires Permit
New MexicoRequires Permit
New YorkRequires Permit
North CarolinaRequires Permit
OregonRequires Permit
PennsylvaniaRequires Permit
Rhode IslandRequires Permit
VirginiaRequires Permit
WashingtonRequires Permit
WisconsinRequires Permit
showing: 51 rows

Constitutional Carry States 2024

Sources