The continent of Europe has 51 independent states, stretching from the island country of Iceland in the North Atlantic Ocean to the vast land of Russia, which is partly situated on the Asian continent but is regarded as being culturally European. Russia is the most populous country in Europe, with a total population of over 145 million. Russia is also the largest European country and the largest country worldwide by area. Other European countries with sizable populations include Germany (82.2 million), the United Kingdom (66.5 million), and France (65.2 million).
Many European countries have around or fewer than 10 million residents, including Portugal, Sweden, and Bulgaria, which have 1 million, 9.9 million, and 7 million residents, respectively. Other smaller but economically significant European countries include Switzerland (8.5 million), Norway (5.3 million), and Ireland (4.8 million).
Europe is home to some of the smallest nations globally. Interestingly, the smallest European countries include some of the wealthiest, not only in Europe but in the world. Luxembourg has a population of just 590,321 but is one of the world's wealthiest countries. Monaco is famous for its wealth and glamor but has just 38,897 residents. The tiny Catholic nation, Vatican City, has a permanent population of only 801 inhabitants but has billions of dollars worth of assets such as priceless pieces of art and historical artifacts.