English Speaking Countries 2021

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What countries speak English?

English is a West Germanic language. It has the largest number of speakers worldwide and is the third most spoken native language, behind Mandarin and Spanish. English gained traction around the world during the 17th century due to the influence of the British Empire and the United States, and English has become the leading language of international discourse.

Braj Kachru developed the three circles model to describe the spread of English and distinguish countries that speak English. In this model, the inner circle comprises countries with large communities of native English speakers. The outer circle comprises countries with small communities of native English speakers and widespread use of English as a second language. The expanding circle comprises countries where many people have learned or are learning English as a foreign language.

Many countries have English designated as the de jure official language, meaning it is legally recognized as the official language. In some cases, English may be the official language but may not be the primary language. This means that English can be used in business, education, and official documents but may not be the majority of its residents' primary language. This is the case for nations like India and Pakistan.

India is the most populous nation with English as its official language, with over 1 billion people. The smallest nation where English is an official language is Niue, which has a population of just 1,600 people.

There are also nations where English is a de facto national language, meaning that it exists in reality and is practiced, even though it is not officially recognized by law. For example, the United States has no official language at the federal level, even though English is the most commonly spoken language.

Of the nations where English is a de facto national language, the United States is the most populous with an estimated 330 million people. There are four nations where English is the de facto language and the primary language. These include Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

English Speaking Countries 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population
India1,393,409,038
United States332,915,073
Pakistan225,199,937
Nigeria211,400,708
Bangladesh166,303,498
Ethiopia117,876,227
Philippines111,046,913
United Kingdom68,207,116
Tanzania61,498,437
South Africa60,041,994
Kenya54,985,698
Myanmar54,806,012
Uganda47,123,531
Sudan44,909,353
Canada38,067,903
Malaysia32,776,194
Ghana31,732,129
Nepal29,674,920
Cameroon27,224,265
Australia25,788,215
Sri Lanka21,497,310
Malawi19,647,684
Zambia18,920,651
Zimbabwe15,092,171
Rwanda13,276,513
Burundi12,255,433
South Sudan11,381,378
Jordan10,269,021
United Arab Emirates9,991,089
Papua New Guinea9,119,010
Israel8,789,774
Sierra Leone8,141,343
Singapore5,896,686
Liberia5,180,203
Ireland4,982,907
New Zealand4,860,643
Kuwait4,328,550
Eritrea3,601,467
Jamaica2,973,463
Qatar2,930,528
Namibia2,587,344
Gambia2,486,945
Botswana2,397,241
Lesotho2,159,079
Bahrain1,748,296
Trinidad And Tobago1,403,375
Mauritius1,273,433
Cyprus1,215,584
Eswatini1,172,362
Fiji902,906
Guyana790,326
Solomon Islands703,996
Maldives543,617
Malta442,784
Brunei441,532
Belize404,914
Bahamas396,913
Vanuatu314,464
Barbados287,711
Samoa200,149
Saint Lucia184,400
Kiribati121,392
Micronesia116,254
Grenada113,021
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines111,263
Tonga106,760
Seychelles98,908
Antigua And Barbuda98,731
Dominica72,167
Marshall Islands59,610
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,544
Palau18,169
Cook Islands17,565
Tuvalu11,931
Nauru10,876
Niue1,619

English Speaking Countries 2021