English Speaking Countries 2020

What countries speak English?

English is a West Germanic language. It has the largest number of speakers around the world and is the third most spoken native language. English gained traction around the world during the 17th century due to the influence of the British Empire and the United States and English has become the leading language of international discourse.

Braj Kachru developed the three circles model to describe the spread of English and distinguish countries that speak English. In this model, the inner circle is made up of countries that have large communities of native English speakers. The outer circle is comprised of countries with small communities of native English speakers and widespread use of English as a second language. The expanding circle is comprised of countries where many people have learned or are learning English as a foreign language.

Many countries have English designated as the de jure official language, meaning that it is legally recognized to be the official language. In some cases, English may be the official language but may not be the primary language. This means that English can be used in business, education and official documents but may not be the primary language of the majority of its residents. This is the case of nations like India and Pakistan.

India is the most populous nation with English as its official language with a population of over 1 billion people. The smallest nation where English is an official language is Niue, which has a population of just 1,600 people.

There are also nations where English is a de facto national language, meaning that it exists in reality and is practiced, even though it is not officially recognized by law. For example, the United States technically has no official language at the federal level, even though English is the most commonly spoken language.

Of the nations where English is a de facto national language, the United States is the most populous with a population of over 318 million. There are four nations where English is the de facto language and the primary language. These include Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

English Speaking Countries 2020

Rank Country Population 2020
1India1,380,004,385
2United States331,002,651
3Pakistan220,892,340
4Nigeria206,139,589
5Bangladesh164,689,383
6Ethiopia114,963,588
7Philippines109,581,078
8United Kingdom67,886,011
9Tanzania59,734,218
10South Africa59,308,690
11Myanmar54,409,800
12Kenya53,771,296
13Uganda45,741,007
14Sudan43,849,260
15Canada37,742,154
16Malaysia32,365,999
17Ghana31,072,940
18Nepal29,136,808
19Cameroon26,545,863
20Australia25,499,884
21Sri Lanka21,413,249
22Malawi19,129,952
23Zambia18,383,955
24Zimbabwe14,862,924
25Rwanda12,952,218
26Burundi11,890,784
27South Sudan11,193,725
28Jordan10,203,134
29United Arab Emirates9,890,402
30Papua New Guinea8,947,024
31Israel8,655,535
32Sierra Leone7,976,983
33Singapore5,850,342
34Liberia5,057,681
35Ireland4,937,786
36New Zealand4,822,233
37Kuwait4,270,571
38Eritrea3,546,421
39Jamaica2,961,167
40Qatar2,881,053
41Namibia2,540,905
42Gambia2,416,668
43Botswana2,351,627
44Lesotho2,142,249
45Bahrain1,701,575
46Trinidad And Tobago1,399,488
47Mauritius1,271,768
48Cyprus1,207,359
49Swaziland1,160,164
50Fiji896,445
51Guyana786,552
52Solomon Islands686,884
53Maldives540,544
54Malta441,543
55Brunei437,479
56Belize397,628
57Bahamas393,244
58Vanuatu307,145
59Barbados287,375
60Samoa198,414
61Saint Lucia183,627
62Kiribati119,449
63Micronesia115,023
64Grenada112,523
65Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,940
66Tonga105,695
67Seychelles98,347
68Antigua And Barbuda97,929
69Dominica71,986
70Marshall Islands59,190
71Saint Kitts And Nevis53,199
72Palau18,094
73Cook Islands17,564
74Tuvalu11,792
75Nauru10,824
76Niue1,626