French Speaking Countries | Francophone Countries 2022

map placeholder

French is an Indo-European Romance language. There are about 76 million native French speakers and 274 million fluent French speakers worldwide. It is one of six languages of the United Nations and the second most widely-spoken language in the European Union.

Which countries speak French? French is the official language in 29 countries. French is the only official language for 13 of these countries and the co-official language in 16 countries. The most populous country where French is the official language is the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Africa, followed by France and Canada. French is the co-offical language of Belgium, along with German and Dutch.

French is the official language of several dependent entities. French Polynesia, which has a population of 267,000, is the most populous of these entities, where French is the official language. All of the entities that have French as the official language are, in alphabetical order:

  • Aosta Valley
  • French Guiana, French Polynesia
  • Guadeloupe
  • Jersey
  • Martinique
  • New Caledonia
  • Saint-Barthelemy, Saint-Martin, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon
  • Wallis and Futuna

In the United States, French is recognized as a cultural language in both Maine and Louisiana. It is a de facto official language and is used for education, commerce, and government services.

French Speaking Countries | Francophone Countries 2022

Country 2022 Population
Monaco39,783
Dominica72,344
Seychelles99,426
Saint Lucia185,113
Vanuatu321,832
Luxembourg642,371
Comoros907,419
Djibouti1,016,097
Equatorial Guinea1,496,662
Gabon2,331,533
Central African Republic5,016,678
Republic of the Congo5,797,805
Togo8,680,837
Switzerland8,773,637
Belgium11,668,278
Haiti11,680,283
Burundi12,624,840
Benin12,784,726
Rwanda13,600,464
Guinea13,865,691
Chad17,413,580
Senegal17,653,671
Mali21,473,764
Burkina Faso22,102,838
Niger26,083,660
Ivory Coast27,742,298
Cameroon27,911,548
Madagascar29,178,077
Canada38,388,419
France65,584,518
DR Congo95,240,792

French Speaking Countries | Francophone Countries 2022

Sources