French Speaking Countries | Francophone Countries 2022

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French is an Indo-European Romance language. There are about 76 million native French speakers and 274 million fluent French speakers worldwide. It is one of six languages of the United Nations and the second most widely-spoken language in the European Union.

Which countries speak French? French is the official language in 29 countries. French is the only official language for 13 of these countries and the co-official language in 16 countries. The most populous country where French is the official language is the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Africa, followed by France and Canada. French is the co-offical language of Belgium, along with German and Dutch.

French is the official language of several dependent entities. French Polynesia, which has a population of 267,000, is the most populous of these entities, where French is the official language. All of the entities that have French as the official language are, in alphabetical order:

  • Aosta Valley
  • French Guiana, French Polynesia
  • Guadeloupe
  • Jersey
  • Martinique
  • New Caledonia
  • Saint-Barthelemy, Saint-Martin, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon
  • Wallis and Futuna

In the United States, French is recognized as a cultural language in both Maine and Louisiana. It is a de facto official language and is used for education, commerce, and government services.

French Speaking Countries | Francophone Countries 2022

French Speaking Countries | Francophone Countries 2022

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