Latin American Countries 2021

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Latin America refers to the part of the world that rests in between North America and South America. It can become a little confusing when trying to understand which countries are part of Latin America, especially because some of those same countries are also considered part of North America, while others are classified as South American countries. There are 20 countries in Latin America, most of which are Spanish-speaking. In Brazil, the population speaks Brazilian Portuguese.

In alphabetical order, the countries of Latin America include:

  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • The Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • Mexico
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Puerto Rico
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela

Unfortunately, El Salvador, Honduras, and Venezuela have the highest murder rates globally, with El Salvador having 82.84 homicides per 100,000 people. Additionally, all three countries and Brazil have some of the highest overall crime rates in the world.


The population of Argentina is currently about 45,040,582 people, and about 89% -- or 40,086,118 people -- reside in one of Argentina's many cities. This Latin American country spans over 1,056,641 square miles. Dividing the population by the total area equates to about 43 people per square mile.

Argentina has experienced a very steady, albeit quite slow, increase in population size. Every year since as far back as 1955, Argentina's population has been on the rise by anywhere between 2-9%. The reason for the increased population size in Argentina can be attributed to migration, as well as various baby boom periods throughout the country's history.

Located very near the southernmost point of Latin America, Argentina shares borders with five other South American countries. Chile is west of Argentina, while Argentina's eastern boundary is shared with Paraguay, Brazil, and Uruguay. Bolivia is situated to the north of Argentina as well.


Brazil is a country comprised of about 3,227,095 square miles of land and sea. With a population of around 212,154,149 people, Brazilian citizens and residents experience a decent balance of people and area. Brazil's population density is about 66 people per square mile of land, which is very comfortable in terms of space.

This population density does not pose the genuine threat of overpopulation that many countries face. Even more fascinating is the fact that the growth of Brazil's population is slowly decreasing. The country continues to experience a rise in population size, but the percentage of growth is becoming smaller as the years progress.

Brazil is the largest Latin American country and is the third-largest country in the Americas. Brazil takes up more than half of South America's eastern border and even a large portion of the centermost areas of the continent. The entire eastern coastline of Brazil is surrounded by the southern region of the Atlantic Ocean. Looking at the countries that border Brazil along all of its other borders in a counter-clockwise manner, Brazil is surrounded by French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, and Uruguay.

Costa Rica

Costa Rica ranks as the 123rd-largest country in the world in terms of population alone. With a population of just under five million people, the estimated total number is 4,992,243 people, as of 2019. The number of people who live in Costa Rica increases by about 1% every year. Before the year 2000, the increase in Costa Rican residents rose closer to anywhere between 2-5% annually.

Costa Rica is 19,714 square miles. As such, the ratio of people to the land is about 254 per square mile, which is the same as the country's population density. Costa Rica connects the Panama Canal to the rest of North America. The Caribbean Sea is northeast of Costa Rica, and the Pacific Ocean is located along the southwestern border of the Republic of Costa Rica. The capital city is San Jose, which also happens to be a very populated place to live.

The Dominican Republic

Often referred to as the DR, the Dominican Republic is part of the Greater Antilles archipelago. The island country is located in the Caribbean Sea, though it is still considered a Latin American country. The Dominican Republic is almost like a conjoined twin with the island of Haiti. Together, Haiti and the DR comprise the island of Hispaniola. Another country called Saint Martin is in a similar position as Hispaniola, for it is a landmass split between two separate states.

Here's a fun fact about the Dominican Republic for you. After Cuba, the Dominican Republic is the Caribbean's second-largest island country. The total area of the DR comes to approximately 18,656 square miles. However, it can be tricky to say that this is an exact measurement of the Dominican Republic's total area.

This is due to the nature of islands and the unavoidable fact that the ever-changing tides make it difficult to determine a country's area without error. 10,979,439 people live in the Dominican Republic, bringing the population density to about 589 people per square mile of area.

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is an island country in Latin America. Technically speaking, Puerto Rico's borders in every cardinal direction are shared with water. Puerto Rico is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.

With over 3.5 million people, Puerto Rico is the 124th-largest country globally. The Latin American nation has a total area amounting to 3,425 square miles, and there are just about 1,067 people for each square mile in Puerto Rico.

Latin American Countries 2021

Country 2021 Population
Dominican Republic10,953,703
El Salvador6,518,499
Costa Rica5,139,052
Puerto Rico2,828,255

Latin American Countries 2021