Western Hemisphere Countries 2021

map placeholder

The Western Hemisphere of Earth is a geographical term for the western half of Earth. The Western Hemisphere is typically defined as the area of Earth, including both land and water, which lies west of the prime meridian (0° longitude) up to the 180th meridian.

The Western Hemisphere contains all of North America and South America and their islands and surrounding waters, as well as parts of Africa, Europe, Antarctica, and a part of Russia. The Western Hemisphere has less land than the Eastern Hemisphere, containing about 29% of the Earth’s total land.

North American Countries

North America is located in the Western Hemisphere and entirely in the North Hemisphere. North America is comprised of 23 different countries with a total land area of about 9.54 million square miles and a total population of over 580 million people.

The 23 North American countries in the Western Hemisphere are:

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belize
  • Canada
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • El Salvador
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Jamaica
  • Mexico
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • United States

North America also has several islands and territories that are not independent states.

South American Countries

South America is located in the Western Hemisphere and almost entirely in the Southern Hemisphere with a small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. South America covers about 6.888 million square miles and has a population of over 422.5 million people. There are 12 countries in South America.

The 12 South American countries in the Western Hemisphere are:

  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Guyana
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Suriname
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela

Of these countries, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, some of Colombia, and a part of Ecuador are located in the Northern Hemisphere. In addition to these 12 countries, there are also two non-sovereign territories: the Falkland Islands and French Guinea.

African Countries

Several African countries are located entirely in the Western Hemisphere, including some that are mostly and partially in the Western Hemisphere.

Those countries that are entirely in the Western Hemisphere are:

  • Azores
  • Cape Verde
  • Gambia
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Ivory Coast
  • Liberia
  • Madeira
  • Mauritania
  • Morocco
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Western Sahara

Countries that are mostly or partially located in the Western Hemisphere are:

  • Burkina Faso
  • Ghana
  • Mali
  • Algeria
  • Togo

Europe

Several European countries are located either entirely or partially in the Western Hemisphere.

Those countries that are located entirely in the Western Hemisphere are:

  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • North Ireland
  • Scotland
  • Wales

Those countries that are mostly or partially located in the Western Hemisphere are:

  • Spain
  • England
  • France

Western Hemisphere Countries 2021

Country 2021 Population
United States332,915,073
Brazil213,993,437
Mexico130,262,216
France65,426,179
Colombia51,265,844
Spain46,745,216
Argentina45,605,826
Algeria44,616,624
Canada38,067,903
Morocco37,344,795
Peru33,359,418
Ghana31,732,129
Venezuela28,704,954
Ivory Coast27,053,629
Burkina Faso21,497,096
Mali20,855,735
Chile19,212,361
Guatemala18,249,860
Ecuador17,888,475
Senegal17,196,301
Guinea13,497,244
Bolivia11,832,940
Haiti11,541,685
Cuba11,317,505
Dominican Republic10,953,703
Honduras10,062,991
Togo8,478,250
Sierra Leone8,141,343
Paraguay7,219,638
Nicaragua6,702,385
El Salvador6,518,499
Liberia5,180,203
Costa Rica5,139,052
Ireland4,982,907
Mauritania4,775,119
Panama4,381,579
Uruguay3,485,151
Jamaica2,973,463
Gambia2,486,945
Guinea Bissau2,015,494
Trinidad And Tobago1,403,375
Guyana790,326
Western Sahara611,875
Suriname591,800
Cape Verde561,898
Belize404,914
Bahamas396,913
Iceland343,353
Barbados287,711
Saint Lucia184,400
Grenada113,021
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines111,263
Antigua And Barbuda98,731
Dominica72,167
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,544

Western Hemisphere Countries 2021