Second World Countries 2020

What is a second world country? The term “Second World country” is a term used during the Cold War to refer to the industrial socialist states that were under the influence of the Soviet Union.

Following World War II, countries were categorized as First World, Second World, or Third World countries. First World countries were the democratic-industrial countries within the American influence sphere. Second World countries were the Eastern bloc of communist-socialist states. Third World countries were any other country not aligned with either power.

After the fall of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, the terminology of the “three worlds” has changed somewhat. Today, “First World” countries are considered to be developed countries. “Second World” countries are the term are used to describe former communist countries that aren’t quite in poverty but aren’t prosperous either. “Third World” countries are considered to be the developing and least developed countries of the world. A term that was originally used to describe political ideologies is now used to define economic states.

Today, a more accurate measure of economic development in countries is the Human Development Index (HDI). The Human Development Index is an index used to rank countries and is quantified by looking at a country’s human development such as life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators. HDI places countries on a scale of 0-1 and categorizes them into one of four levels of human development: low human developed (0-.55), medium human development (.55-.70), high human development (.70-80), and very high human development (.80-1.0).

The Second World countries from the Cold War era currently range from medium human development to very high human development in terms of HDI. For example, Slovenia has an HDI of .896, categorizing it as very high human development. In historical terms, Slovenia is a Second World country; however, it is considered a “First World country” under the modern definition. Kyrgyzstan has an HDI of .672, putting the country in the medium human development tier. This makes Kyrgyzstan a “Second World country” by historical definition and by modern definition.

When categorizing countries as First World, Second World, or Third World, it is important to distinguish if the country is being categorized by a historical definition or modern definition. Human Development Index is a more accurate means of categorizing nations based on their economic and human development.

Second World Countries 2020

Country Human Development Index Population 2020
Norway0.9535,421,241
Switzerland0.9448,654,622
Australia0.93925,499,884
Ireland0.9384,937,786
Germany0.93683,783,942
Iceland0.935341,243
Hong Kong0.9337,496,981
Sweden0.93310,099,265
Singapore0.9325,850,342
Netherlands0.93117,134,872
Denmark0.9295,792,202
Canada0.92637,742,154
United States0.924331,002,651
United Kingdom0.92267,886,011
Finland0.925,540,720
New Zealand0.9174,822,233
Liechtenstein0.91638,128
Belgium0.91611,589,623
Japan0.909126,476,461
Austria0.9089,006,398
Luxembourg0.904625,978
Israel0.9038,655,535
North Korea0.90325,778,816
France0.90165,273,511
Slovenia0.8962,078,938
Spain0.89146,754,778
Czech Republic0.88810,708,981
Italy0.8860,461,826
Malta0.878441,543
Estonia0.8711,326,535
Greece0.8710,423,054
Cyprus0.8691,207,359
Poland0.86537,846,611
United Arab Emirates0.8639,890,402
Andorra0.85877,265
Lithuania0.8582,722,289
Qatar0.8562,881,053
Slovakia0.8555,459,642
Brunei0.853437,479
Saudi Arabia0.85334,813,871
Latvia0.8471,886,198
Portugal0.84710,196,709
Bahrain0.8461,701,575
Chile0.84319,116,201
Hungary0.8389,660,351
Croatia0.8314,105,267
Argentina0.82545,195,774
Oman0.8215,106,626
Russia0.816145,934,462
Montenegro0.814628,066
Bulgaria0.8136,948,445
Romania0.81119,237,691
Belarus0.8089,449,323
Bahamas0.807393,244
Uruguay0.8043,473,730
Kuwait0.8034,270,571
Malaysia0.80232,365,999
Barbados0.8287,375
Kazakhstan0.818,776,707
Palau0.79818,094
Iran0.79883,992,949
Seychelles0.79798,347
Costa Rica0.7945,094,118
Turkey0.79184,339,067
Mauritius0.791,271,768
Panama0.7894,314,767
Serbia0.7878,737,371
Albania0.7852,877,797
Trinidad And Tobago0.7841,399,488
Antigua And Barbuda0.7897,929
Georgia0.783,989,167
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77853,199
Cuba0.77711,326,616
Mexico0.774128,932,753
Grenada0.772112,523
Sri Lanka0.7721,413,249
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.7683,280,819
Venezuela0.76128,435,940
Brazil0.759212,559,417
Macedonia0.7572,083,374
Lebanon0.7576,825,445
Azerbaijan0.75710,139,177
Armenia0.7552,963,243
Thailand0.75569,799,978
Algeria0.75443,851,044
Ecuador0.75217,643,054
China0.7521,439,323,776
Ukraine0.75143,733,762
Peru0.7532,971,854
Saint Lucia0.747183,627
Colombia0.74750,882,891
Fiji0.741896,445
Mongolia0.7413,278,290
Dominican Republic0.73610,847,910
Jordan0.73510,203,134
Tunisia0.73511,818,619
Jamaica0.7322,961,167
Tonga0.726105,695
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines0.723110,940
Suriname0.72586,632
Maldives0.717540,544
Botswana0.7172,351,627
Dominica0.71571,986
Samoa0.713198,414
Uzbekistan0.7133,469,203
Marshall Islands0.70859,190
Belize0.708397,628
Turkmenistan0.7066,031,200
Libya0.7066,871,292
Gabon0.7022,225,734
Paraguay0.7027,132,538
Moldova0.74,033,963
South Africa0.69959,308,690
Philippines0.699109,581,078
Egypt0.696102,334,404
Vietnam0.69497,338,579
Indonesia0.694273,523,615
Bolivia0.69311,673,021
Palestine0.6865,101,414
Iraq0.68540,222,493
El Salvador0.6746,486,205
Kyrgyzstan0.6726,524,195
Morocco0.66736,910,560
Nicaragua0.6586,624,554
Cape Verde0.654555,987
Guyana0.654786,552
Tajikistan0.659,537,645
Guatemala0.6517,915,568
Namibia0.6472,540,905
India0.641,380,004,385
Micronesia0.627115,023
Timor Leste0.6251,318,445
Honduras0.6179,904,607
Kiribati0.612119,449
Bhutan0.612771,608
Bangladesh0.608164,689,383
Republic Of The Congo0.6065,518,087
Vanuatu0.603307,145
Laos0.6017,275,560
Ghana0.59231,072,940
Equatorial Guinea0.5911,402,985
Kenya0.5953,771,296
Sao Tome And Principe0.589219,159
Swaziland0.5881,160,164
Zambia0.58818,383,955
Cambodia0.58216,718,965
Angola0.58132,866,272
Myanmar0.57854,409,800
Nepal0.57429,136,808
Pakistan0.562220,892,340
Cameroon0.55626,545,863
Solomon Islands0.546686,884
Papua New Guinea0.5448,947,024
Tanzania0.53859,734,218
Syria0.53617,500,658
Zimbabwe0.53514,862,924
Nigeria0.532206,139,589
Rwanda0.52412,952,218
Lesotho0.522,142,249
Mauritania0.524,649,658
Madagascar0.51927,691,018
Uganda0.51645,741,007
Benin0.51512,123,200
Senegal0.50516,743,927
Comoros0.503869,601
Togo0.5038,278,724
Sudan0.50243,849,260
Haiti0.49811,402,528
Afghanistan0.49838,928,346
Ivory Coast0.49226,378,274
Malawi0.47719,129,952
Djibouti0.476988,000
Ethiopia0.463114,963,588
Gambia0.462,416,668
Guinea0.45913,132,795
Dr Congo0.45789,561,403
Guinea Bissau0.4551,968,001
Yemen0.45229,825,964
Eritrea0.443,546,421
Mozambique0.43731,255,435
Liberia0.4355,057,681
Mali0.42720,250,833
Burkina Faso0.42320,903,273
Sierra Leone0.4197,976,983
Burundi0.41711,890,784
Chad0.40416,425,864
South Sudan0.38811,193,725
Central African Republic0.3674,829,767
Niger0.35424,206,644