Second World Countries 2021

What is a second world country? The term “Second World country” is a term used during the Cold War to refer to the industrial socialist states under the influence of the Soviet Union.

Following World War II, countries were categorized as First World, Second World, or Third World countries. First World countries were the democratic-industrial countries within the American influence sphere. Second World countries were the Eastern bloc of communist-socialist states. Third World countries were any other country not aligned with either power.

After the fall of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, the “three worlds” terminology has changed somewhat. Today, “First World” countries are considered to be developed countries. “Second World” countries are the term are used to describe former communist countries that aren’t quite in poverty but aren’t prosperous either. “Third World” countries are considered to be the developing and least developed countries of the world. A term that was originally used to describe political ideologies is now used to define economic states.

The Human Development Index (HDI) a more accurate measure of economic development. The Human Development Index is an index used to rank countries. It is quantified by looking at a country’s human development, such as life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators. HDI places countries on a scale of 0-1 and categorizes them into one of four levels of human development:

  • Low human development (0-.55)
  • Medium human development (.55-.70)
  • High human development (.70-80)
  • Very high human development (.80-1.0)

The Second World countries from the Cold War era currently range from medium human development to very high human development in terms of HDI. For example, Slovenia has an HDI of .896, categorizing it as very high human development. In historical terms, Slovenia is a Second World country; however, it is considered a “First World country” under the modern definition. Kyrgyzstan has an HDI of .672, putting the country in the medium human development tier. This makes Kyrgyzstan a “Second World country” by historical definition and by modern definition.

When categorizing countries as First World, Second World, or Third World, it is important to distinguish if a historical definition or modern definition categorizes the country. Human Development Index is a more accurate means of categorizing nations based on their economic and human development.

Second World Countries 2021

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Second World Countries 2021

Country Human Development Index 2021 Population
Norway0.9535,465,630
Switzerland0.9448,715,494
Australia0.93925,788,215
Ireland0.9384,982,907
Germany0.93683,900,473
Iceland0.935343,353
Hong Kong0.9337,552,810
Sweden0.93310,160,169
Singapore0.9325,896,686
Netherlands0.93117,173,099
Denmark0.9295,813,298
Canada0.92638,067,903
United States0.924332,915,073
United Kingdom0.92268,207,116
Finland0.925,548,360
New Zealand0.9174,860,643
Liechtenstein0.91638,250
Belgium0.91611,632,326
Japan0.909126,050,804
Austria0.9089,043,070
Luxembourg0.904634,814
Israel0.9038,789,774
North Korea0.90325,887,041
France0.90165,426,179
Slovenia0.8962,078,724
Spain0.89146,745,216
Czech Republic0.88810,724,555
Italy0.8860,367,477
Malta0.878442,784
Estonia0.8711,325,185
Greece0.8710,370,744
Cyprus0.8691,215,584
Poland0.86537,797,005
United Arab Emirates0.8639,991,089
Andorra0.85877,355
Lithuania0.8582,689,862
Qatar0.8562,930,528
Slovakia0.8555,460,721
Brunei0.853441,532
Saudi Arabia0.85335,340,683
Latvia0.8471,866,942
Portugal0.84710,167,925
Bahrain0.8461,748,296
Chile0.84319,212,361
Hungary0.8389,634,164
Croatia0.8314,081,651
Argentina0.82545,605,826
Oman0.8215,223,375
Russia0.816145,912,025
Montenegro0.814628,053
Bulgaria0.8136,896,663
Romania0.81119,127,774
Belarus0.8089,442,862
Bahamas0.807396,913
Uruguay0.8043,485,151
Kuwait0.8034,328,550
Malaysia0.80232,776,194
Barbados0.8287,711
Kazakhstan0.818,994,962
Palau0.79818,169
Iran0.79885,028,759
Seychelles0.79798,908
Costa Rica0.7945,139,052
Turkey0.79185,042,738
Mauritius0.791,273,433
Panama0.7894,381,579
Serbia0.7878,697,550
Albania0.7852,872,933
Trinidad And Tobago0.7841,403,375
Antigua And Barbuda0.7898,731
Georgia0.783,979,765
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.77853,544
Cuba0.77711,317,505
Mexico0.774130,262,216
Grenada0.772113,021
Sri Lanka0.7721,497,310
Bosnia And Herzegovina0.7683,263,466
Venezuela0.76128,704,954
Brazil0.759213,993,437
Lebanon0.7576,769,146
Azerbaijan0.75710,223,342
Armenia0.7552,968,127
Thailand0.75569,950,850
Algeria0.75444,616,624
Ecuador0.75217,888,475
China0.7521,444,216,107
Ukraine0.75143,466,819
Peru0.7533,359,418
Saint Lucia0.747184,400
Colombia0.74751,265,844
Fiji0.741902,906
Mongolia0.7413,329,289
Dominican Republic0.73610,953,703
Jordan0.73510,269,021
Tunisia0.73511,935,766
Jamaica0.7322,973,463
Tonga0.726106,760
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines0.723111,263
Suriname0.72591,800
Maldives0.717543,617
Botswana0.7172,397,241
Dominica0.71572,167
Samoa0.713200,149
Uzbekistan0.7133,935,763
Marshall Islands0.70859,610
Belize0.708404,914
Turkmenistan0.7066,117,924
Libya0.7066,958,532
Gabon0.7022,278,825
Paraguay0.7027,219,638
Moldova0.74,024,019
South Africa0.69960,041,994
Philippines0.699111,046,913
Egypt0.696104,258,327
Vietnam0.69498,168,833
Indonesia0.694276,361,783
Bolivia0.69311,832,940
Palestine0.6865,222,748
Iraq0.68541,179,350
El Salvador0.6746,518,499
Kyrgyzstan0.6726,628,356
Morocco0.66737,344,795
Nicaragua0.6586,702,385
Cape Verde0.654561,898
Guyana0.654790,326
Tajikistan0.659,749,627
Guatemala0.6518,249,860
Namibia0.6472,587,344
India0.641,393,409,038
Micronesia0.627116,254
Timor Leste0.6251,343,873
Honduras0.61710,062,991
Kiribati0.612121,392
Bhutan0.612779,898
Bangladesh0.608166,303,498
Republic Of The Congo0.6065,657,013
Vanuatu0.603314,464
Laos0.6017,379,358
Ghana0.59231,732,129
Equatorial Guinea0.5911,449,896
Kenya0.5954,985,698
Sao Tome And Principe0.589223,368
Eswatini0.5881,172,362
Zambia0.58818,920,651
Cambodia0.58216,946,438
Angola0.58133,933,610
Myanmar0.57854,806,012
Nepal0.57429,674,920
Pakistan0.562225,199,937
Cameroon0.55627,224,265
Solomon Islands0.546703,996
Papua New Guinea0.5449,119,010
Tanzania0.53861,498,437
Syria0.53618,275,702
Zimbabwe0.53515,092,171
Nigeria0.532211,400,708
Rwanda0.52413,276,513
Lesotho0.522,159,079
Mauritania0.524,775,119
Madagascar0.51928,427,328
Uganda0.51647,123,531
Benin0.51512,451,040
Senegal0.50517,196,301
Comoros0.503888,451
Togo0.5038,478,250
Sudan0.50244,909,353
Haiti0.49811,541,685
Afghanistan0.49839,835,428
Ivory Coast0.49227,053,629
Malawi0.47719,647,684
Djibouti0.4761,002,187
Ethiopia0.463117,876,227
Gambia0.462,486,945
Guinea0.45913,497,244
Dr Congo0.45792,377,993
Guinea Bissau0.4552,015,494
Yemen0.45230,490,640
Eritrea0.443,601,467
Mozambique0.43732,163,047
Liberia0.4355,180,203
Mali0.42720,855,735
Burkina Faso0.42321,497,096
Sierra Leone0.4198,141,343
Burundi0.41712,255,433
Chad0.40416,914,985
South Sudan0.38811,381,378
Central African Republic0.3674,919,981
Niger0.35425,130,817

Second World Countries 2021