Antarctica, one of the coldest and less populated continents in the world, is considered home to a substantial amount of wildlife. However, despite its cold and dry climate, it’s home to a population of 1,106 people. These people are mostly researchers trying to learn more about the continent.
Although it would seem impossible to colonize in Antarctica, there are still cities that lie within the area. These cities are mostly research bases for researchers and scientists to perform their essential duties. To understand their purpose and the purpose of these bases, here are the two main cities/towns in Antarctica.
Villa Las Estrellas - King George Island, Antarctica
This town in Antarctica is also one of the more recognizable bases on the continent. It’s like a mini city as it consists of the following structures:
- Post Office
- Homes (14 in total)
- Radio Station
- Souvenir Shop
Villa Las Estrellas is much larger than the other town (Esperanza Base) located miles away on another part of the continent. It’s so large that its population surpasses 100 during the summer months.
Unlike others around the world, the people residing in this town don’t have too much luxury. They only allow Internet access to the school for the children to utilize. Also, they only seem to have access to tv and radio reception. Most of their communication is typically done by mail and radio.
The people living in the town also enjoy tourists that come to visit and experience Antarctica, though. During the summer, many people from around the world visit the South Pole and experience everything that the town has to offer, including:
- Ski resort
- Organized tours
- Snowmobile rides
- Animal sight-seeing (penguins, whales, etc.)
- Opportunities to learn about auroras and glaciers
This town isn’t as adventurous as Villa Las Estrellas, but it certainly is more historic. Home to about ten families and various research buildings, Esperanza Base is the prime research space in Antarctica.
There are hardly any visitors in the secluded base, primarily since the researchers operate during the months with the harshest temperatures. However, they conduct thorough research in a variety of scientific subjects, including:
In addition to being a novel research center, the town made history in 1978 when a naval officer’s wife gave birth to the first native of Antarctica. She gave birth to a little boy that was named Emilio Palma, who is now 42 years old.