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Clementine Production 2021 (tons)

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Clementine Production by Country 2024

A clementine (Citrus clementine) is a hybrid citrus fruit made by crossing a sweet orange (C. sinensis) with a willowleaf mandarin orange (C. deliciosa). It’s named after its creator, Clément Rodier, who first propagated it in Algeria before 1902. Most clementines are produced in China.

Overview

Clementines resemble other orange hybrids like tangerines and satsumas, having a deep orange color and smooth skin compared to oranges. They’re also easier to peel and split into sections than oranges, with a sweet flavor that’s less acidic than oranges. Clementines are available in three types, based on the number of seeds they have. Seedless clementines have no seeds, clementines have no more than 10 seeds and Monreals have more than 10 seeds.

Cultivation

Clementines have a lower tolerance for heat than other citrus varieties, but a warm climate also makes them bear fruit earlier in the growing season. This earlier maturation produces a larger, sweeter fruit that has greater commercial value. As a result, countries in hot regions are more likely to have a higher production of clementines.

Clementines were grown in the United States as early as 1909 at the Citrus Research Center in California, although they didn’t enter commercial production until 1914. Their seedless characteristic is a highly desirable trait of clementines, but this requirement also means that clementines can’t be cross-pollinated with other varieties of citrus fruit. As a result, growers must go to great lengths to keep pollinating insects out of their orchards. For example, Paramount Citrus threatened to sue beekeepers in 2006 for this reason.

Production

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) groups clementines with mandarin oranges and tangerines when reporting on their production. Note that China accounts for about 60 percent of the world’s production of clementines, mandarins and tangerines, producing more than 12 times more of these crops than Spain, the second-largest producer. Major producers like Spain, Turkey and Morocco reflect the proximity of those countries to Algeria, the birthplace of clementines. Regions like California and Florida have favorable climates for clementines, but their production is lower because they were already growing other types of oranges by the time clementines were introduced to those areas.

  • Values shown include combined production totals for of clementines, mandarins, and tangerines, rounded to the nearest whole ton.

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Country
Clementine Production 2021 (tons)
Clementine Production 2020 (tons)
Clementine Production 2019 (tons)
China25,000,00023,120,00023,000,000
Spain2,009,5202,172,1801,826,330
Turkey1,819,0001,585,6291,400,000
Morocco1,248,418926,5661,374,629
Brazil1,085,0481,026,638984,419
United States1,057,780856,3801,004,250
Egypt988,105993,767985,251
Italy826,470660,280763,610
Japan708,824765,800746,700
South Korea635,835658,859629,785
Pakistan605,586600,921596,256
South Africa591,000461,000375,000
Peru588,121526,142503,220
Iran527,026572,226586,568
Mexico451,830530,368486,411
Argentina418,653420,000421,371
Colombia300,399183,481201,872
Algeria290,424302,476295,250
Chile248,943208,054190,064
Bolivia228,834237,812239,995
Nepal192,201156,180177,381
Syria180,102183,055191,096
Australia175,784125,327135,492
Thailand165,000165,000166,141
Venezuela162,242163,481159,626
Israel161,412192,010211,131
Taiwan156,771168,770175,846
Malawi145,846146,416140,682
Greece145,010171,870150,640
Uruguay99,73677,80078,744
Tunisia79,30066,80084,700
Georgia57,20053,10059,800
Paraguay49,78350,31548,850
Azerbaijan45,77039,92338,537
France45,35046,57034,360
Mali43,80669,66346,187
Portugal43,42042,24042,140
Croatia40,47039,44052,060
Laos38,54938,52738,306
Albania32,83632,15931,235
Ecuador26,60926,57026,532
Lebanon26,08126,41327,426
Jordan23,01924,66827,197
Yemen21,63922,08620,280
Haiti19,70719,73719,703
Cyprus18,64022,90024,920
El Salvador17,12317,12213,400
South Sudan16,50916,52516,354
Cuba16,20017,88223,220
Zimbabwe13,43813,51613,390
Kenya11,70110,91210,886
Philippines10,67210,96711,568
Libya10,37010,35910,348
Ethiopia9,1749,1569,139
Iraq4,3274,4944,167
Jamaica3,6393,7323,828
Republic of the Congo2,7212,7022,683
Montenegro2,6732,6972,831
Palestine1,7071,7041,735
Uzbekistan1,3471,3411,314
Bahamas780781777
Eswatini735734734
Mozambique441438435
Burkina Faso333331329
New Zealand230252310
Bosnia and Herzegovina637979
French Polynesia191920
Djibouti222
Total41,950,30339,105,34438,947,542
showing: 68 rows

Which country produces the most clementines?

China produces the most clementines, followed by Spain and Turkey.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources