Countries That Drive On the Left 2022

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Throughout the world, countries observe either left-hand traffic (LHT) or right-hand traffic (RHT) guidelines, which determine which side of the road a driver will stay on when traveling. In LHT areas, drivers stay on the left side of the road (except under special circumstances such as passing another vehicle), while RHT areas require drivers to stay on the right side of the road whenever possible. Roughly 30% of the world's countries and territories are LHT nations, comprising about 35% of the global population and roughly one-quarter of the world's roadways. By comparison, the 160+ countries and territories that drive on the right and hew to RHT guidelines include 65% of the population and 75% of the roadways.

All LHT (also known as "keep-left") countries and territories are former British colonies, most of which remain part of the British Commonwealth. In the early 20th century, approximately half of the world's countries (104) drove on the left side of the road. However, 34 of those countries transitioned to RHT ("keep-right") systems between 1919 and 1986, resulting in the current balance:

Countries and Territories that Drive on the Left:

Akrotiti and Dhekelia Fiji Mauritius Seychelles
Anguilla Grenada Montserrat Singapore
Antigua and Barbuda Guernsey Mozambique Solomon Islands
Australia Guyana Namibia South Africa
Bahamas Hong Kong Nauru South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands
Bangladesh India Nepal Sri Lanka
Barbados Indonesia New Zealand Suriname
Bermuda Ireland Niue Tanzania
Bhutan Isle of Man Norfolk Island Thailand
Botswana Jamaica Northern Cyprus Timor-Leste
British Virgin Islands Japan Northern Ireland Tonga
Brunei Jersey Pakistan Trinidad and Tobago
Cayman Islands Kenya Papua New Guinea Turks and Caicos
Christmas Island Kiribati Pitcairn Islands Tuvalu
Cocos (Keeling Islands) Lesotho Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Uganda
Cook Islands Macau Saint Kitts and Nevis United Kingdom
Cyprus Malawi Saint Lucia United States Virgin Islands
Dominica Malaysia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Zambia
Eswatini Maldives Samoa Zimbabwe
Falkland Islands Malta

Left-hand traffic and right-hand traffic are related to—and easily confused with—the terms left-hand drive and right-hand drive, which indicate which side of the actual vehicle the steering wheel is located. Because the driver is meant to sit on the side closest to the centerline of the road, right-hand-drive (RHD) vehicles are standard in left-hand-traffic (LHT) countries. By the same token, left-hand-drive (LHD) vehicles are standard in right-hand-traffic (RHT) countries.

These standards are rarely legal requirements. In most countries, the law requires LHT or RHT but drivers are free to own, register, and drive both RHD and LHD vehicles. In fact, many specialized vehicles, such as mail delivery trucks or trash collection trucks, are deliberately designed to parallel the traffic type (RHD for RHT and LHD for LHT) to give the driver quicker access to the curb or sidewalk. However, a few nations, such as New Zealand and Singapore, forbid the use of same-side drive (also called "wrong-hand-drive") vehicles.

Perhaps surprisingly, many countries enshrined LHT or RHT into their traffic laws long before automobiles came to dominate the roadways. For example, RHT has been standard in the United States since colonial times, when most vehicles on the roads were horse-drawn wagons. RHT was coded into the laws of various states and roadways beginning in 1792—more than 100 years before pioneering businessmen such as Ransom Olds and Henry Ford would use mass-production techniques to make automobiles affordable to the masses. Numerous theories exist as to why the U.S. chose RHT. These theories range from the fact that most wagon drivers were right-handed (and so held the reins with their left hand and a whip or weapon in their right) to the possibility that the early colonists just wanted to be as different from mother England as possible.

Countries That Drive On the Left 2022

Country National Status LHD vehicles okay?
AnguillaUK territoryYes
Antigua And BarbudacountryYes
AustraliacountryYes
BahamascountryYes
BangladeshcountryYes
BarbadoscountryYes
BermudaUK territoryYes
BhutancountryYes
BotswanacountryYes
British Virgin IslandsUK territoryYes
BruneicountryYes
Cayman IslandsUK territoryYes
Cook IslandsNew Zealand territoryYes
Cypruscountryunknown
DominicacountryYes
EswatinicountryYes
Falkland IslandsUK territoryYes
FijicountryYes
GrenadacountryYes
Guyanacountryunknown
Hong KongChina SARYes
IndiacountryYes
IndonesiacountryYes
IrelandcountryYes
Isle of ManUK crown dependencyYes
JamaicacountryYes
JapancountryYes
Kenyacountryunknown
KiribaticountryYes
LesothocountryYes
MacauChina SARYes
MalawicountryYes
MalaysiacountryYes
MaldivescountryYes
Maltacountryunknown
MauritiuscountryYes
MontserratUK territoryYes
MozambiquecountryYes
NamibiacountryYes
NaurucountryYes
Nepalcountryunknown
New ZealandcountryNo
NiueNew Zealand territoryYes
Pakistancountryunknown
Papua New GuineacountryYes
Saint Kitts And NeviscountryYes
Saint LuciacountryYes
Saint Vincent And the GrenadinescountryYes
SamoacountryYes
SeychellescountryYes
SingaporecountryNo
Solomon IslandscountryYes
South AfricacountryYes
Sri LankacountryYes
Surinamecountryunknown
Tanzaniacountryunknown
ThailandcountryYes
Timor LestecountryYes
TongacountryYes
Trinidad And TobagocountryYes
Turks And Caicos IslandsUK territoryYes
TuvalucountryYes
Ugandacountryunknown
United KingdomcountryYes
United States Virgin IslandsUS territoryYes
ZambiacountryYes
ZimbabwecountryYes

Countries That Drive On the Left 2022

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