United States of America The United States of America has the highest number of space missions sent out of the earth. It's the second country to send humans to space. Its first space mission under the Mercury Program. The program lasted for five years and cost the country around $277 million. The most famous space mission by the country was the Apollo, which cost the government $20.4 billion and had a lifespan of 15 years.
Russia (Soviet Union) Russia is the first country to launch a space mission and the first country to send humans to space. The country's first space flight was under the Vostok program. In 2009, the Russian government had a federal space budget of $2.4billion. The government also spent about $3.8 billion in 2011 and in their 2013 proposed space budget was $5.6 billion.
China China's space program is directed by the China National Space Administration (CNSA). China is the third country to sell humans into space independently, after the United States and Russia. In 1970, China succeeded in launching its first communication satellite, Dong Fang Hong - I. Over the years, China has launched numerous space missions to the moon and orbit. Currently, China is the third-largest space power in the world.
France Established in 1975 and located in Paris, France, the European Space Agency (ESA) is Europe's space agency dedicated to exploring natural resources outside the planet. The country's space programs include human spaceflights and various crewless space missions to other planets. In 2012, ESA spent approximately $5.3 billion on its space flight missions.
India The Physical Research Laboratory is a research institute for space and allied sciences supported by the Department of Space, Government of India. The institute has catapulted India to be one of the leading countries in terms of space presence. The country's biggest achievement was launching its first satellite into space in 1980.
United Kingdom The United Kingdom launched its first satellite Ariel 1, in 1962. In April 2010, the UK established its space agency known as the United Kingdom Space Agency (UKSA). The space agency has taken over the responsibilities of government policy and space budgeting. The ESA also gets most of its funding from the United Kingdom.
Japan Japan is one of Asia's leading space powers. Its national aerospace research and development activities are controlled by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Japan launched its first satellite, Osumi, into space in February 1970, becoming the fourth country to possess indigenous satellite launch capability. It currently operates a fleet of meteorological, communication, astronomical, and earth observation satellites.
South Korea South Korea's space agency is known as the Korean Aerospace Research Institute (KARI). The country has launched a total of three space flights. The first one, the Naro-1, was sent outside the planet three times. Their third launch was the most successful. The three launches cost the country $450 million.
Iran Iran has been launching space flights and satellites since 2005. Their first launch was the joint Iranian-Russian Sinah-1 project which cost the country $15 million. In 2008, Iran partnered with China and Thailand to launch Long March 2C, a satellite that cost them $6.5 million.
Israel The Israel Space Agency controls Israel's space operations. The agency was established in 1883 and coordinates the country's space research programs. The Israel Space Agency has an annual space budget of $70 million.
Canada Canada launched its first satellite, Alouette 1, in 1962. Its space program is controlled by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA). Canada currently operates a fleet of earth observation and communication satellites.
Germany Germany first launched its first satellite, the Azur satellite, in 1969. The country's space program is directed by the German Aerospace Center and supports the ESA and the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT). The country has launched navigation, telecommunication, and earth observation satellites.
Luxembourg The Luxembourg Space Agency directs Luxembourg's space program. The country is one of the top countries to explore space operating several remote sensing and communication satellites. Luxembourg is also the headquarters of the world's leading telecommunication satellite operators, Socit Europenne des Satellites (SES) and Intelsat.