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# of Holocene Volcanoes

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Countries with the Most Volcanoes 2024

The United States is the country with the most volcanoes in the world. The United States has a total of 161 volcanoes, but not all of them have been active recently. The vast majority of these volcanoes are located on the Hawaiian Islands. Hawaii is located in the Central Pacific, which is a portion of the world that has a very high number of volcanoes.

Of the 161 volcanoes in the United States, only 63 of them have been active since 1800. Furthermore, only 42 of them have been active since 1950. There are a few volcanoes that are active right now. They include Kilauea, Pavlof, and Great Sitkin. It is critical for people who live near active volcanoes to pay attention to local announcements.

Does Japan Have a Lot of Volcanoes?

Japan is located in the Pacific Ocean as well, so it also has a lot of volcanoes. Japan is a chain of numerous islands, and it has approximately 122 volcanoes within its borders. Similar to the United States, the vast majority of these volcanoes have not been active since 1800. Only 62 of them have enjoyed periods of activity during the past few hundred years. Furthermore, only 44 volcanoes have been active since 1950. There are a couple of volcanoes in Japan that are active right now. They include Aira and Suwanosejima.

Why Does the Pacific Ocean Have So Many Active Volcanoes?

The Pacific Ocean has a lot of volcanoes because it is the home of the Ring of Fire. The Ring of Fire formed as a result of plate tectonics. During the formation of the Earth, there were a lot of plates that slid across one another. This led to the development of volcanoes, which are a way for the planet to release heat that is trapped underneath the surface. A lot of these collisions took place in subduction zones, which is how earthquakes take place. That is why places that have a lot of earthquakes tend to have a lot of volcanoes as well. Even though there are places in the world that have volcanoes that are not located in the Pacific Ocean, the Pacific Ocean is the home of the Ring of Fire.

How Often Do Volcanoes Erupt?

In general, there is one volcano that erupts every hour; however, there are not a lot of people who live right next to active volcanoes. Furthermore, there is no telling how long the volcano will become dormant before it erupts again. It has to do with what is going on directly underneath the surface of that volcano. For example, there are some volcanoes that have not erupted in thousands of years, and there are other volcanoes that erupted relatively. There is a lot of research taking place regarding volcanic activity, and as researchers learn more about volcanoes, it might be easier to predict when a volcano is going to erupt in the near future.

  • Holocene volcanoes are those which have been active at some point during the Holocene Epoch, which began 11,700-10,000 years ago and continues to this day.
  • In addition to the totals shown below, the continent of Antarctica also has 19 holocene volcanoes, including five active since 1800CE, two active since 1960CE, and one, Erebus, that was active as of August 2023.
  • Data may differ slightly from that of other official national agencies due to varying criteria or other reasons.

Download Table Data

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Country
# of Holocene Volcanoes
Active since 1800CE
Active since 1960CE
Currently Erupting
United States1656339Great Sitkin, Shishaldin
Japan1226240Aira, Kikai, Nishinoshima, Suwanosejima
Indonesia1207455Dukono, Ibu, Karangetang, Krakatau, Lewotolok, Merapi, Semeru
Russia1174927Bezymianny, Ebeko, Klyuchevskoy, Sheveluch
Chile913419Villarrica
Ethiopia52105Erta Ale
Papua New Guinea462013Bagana, Langila, Manam, Ulawun
Mexico3895Popocatepetl
Philippines38156Mayon
Ecuador361812Cotopaxi, Reventador, Sangay
Iceland35149
Argentina3463
Canada241
New Zealand2498
Guatemala2375Fuego, Santa Maria
Kenya215
Tonga21159Tofua
El Salvador2053
France19118
Nicaragua1786Masaya
Vanuatu17129Yasur
Peru1653Sabancaya, Ubinas
United Kingdom14109Saunders
Colombia1484Nevado del Ruiz
Italy1362Etna, Stromboli
Portugal1351
Yemen1122
China103
Turkey102
Costa Rica1065Poas, Rincon de la Vieja
Spain842
Saudi Arabia81
Eritrea821
Solomon Islands842Kavachi, Tinakula
Uganda7
Bolivia711
Tanzania631Ol Doinyo Lengai
Madagascar5
Greece52
Armenia5
Dominica511
DR Congo432Nyamulagira, Nyiragongo
Sudan4
Australia422Heard
Chad4
Djibouti421
South Korea3
Algeria3
Cameroon311
Rwanda31
Honduras3
Mongolia3
Equatorial Guinea31
Fiji3
India211Barren Island
Vietnam21
South Africa211
North Korea21
Taiwan21
Netherlands2
Azerbaijan2
Norway211
Panama2
Georgia2
Comoros211
Cape Verde211
Samoa21
Grenada211
Saint Kitts and Nevis2
Iran1
Germany1
Myanmar1
Niger1
Syria1
Jordan1
Saint Lucia1
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines111
showing: 77 rows

Which country has the most volcanoes?

The country with the most volcanoes is the United States. There are 161 volcanoes in the US, but only 63 of them have shown activity since 1800.

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