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E2 Treaty Countries 2023

An E2 treaty investor visa is a non-immigrant visa for foreign entrepreneurs or investors to enter and working inside of the US-based on a substantial investment in a bona fide business. The entrepreneur/investor must be from a country that has a Treaty of Trade and Commerce with the United States.

Individuals with E2 visas can work legally in the company that they are investing in, travel freely in and out of the United States, and be accompanied by dependents under 21, relatives and spouses.

E2 visas are valid for up to five years and can be renewed with two-year extensions for as long as the individual maintains the necessary qualifications.

There are several qualifications the investor must meet in order to obtain and maintain an E2 visa. The investor must be from one of the E2 treaty countries. The investment must be substantial to the business, such as being enough for a startup to begin and operate the business. The enterprise that the investor is investing in must be offering tangible goods or services and the investor must be coming to the U.S. to develop and direct the enterprise. The investor is only allowed to work for the employer or business that acted as his/her E2 visa sponsor.

Individuals who are applying for an E2 visa will need to provide evidence that the enterprise being invested in is a bona fide enterprise: “a real, active commercial or entrepreneurial undertaking which produces services or goods for profit.” Documentation that can be used as evidence includes tax returns, financial statements, lease agreements, vendor agreements, quarterly wage reports, and a notice of assignment of an Employer Identification Number from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

In order to apply for an E2 visa, you must be a citizen of an E2 treaty country. If one is a legal permanent resident of one of the treaty countries, he/she cannot apply. One does not need to currently be living in the treaty country as long as he/she is a citizen there. There are currently 78 E2 countries.

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Country
Effective Date of E-2 Treaty
AlbaniaJanuary 4, 1998
ArgentinaOctober 20, 1994
ArmeniaMarch 29, 1996
AustraliaDecember 27, 1991
AustriaMay 27, 1931
AzerbaijanAugust 2, 2001
BahrainMay 30, 2001
BangladeshJuly 25, 1989
BelgiumOctober 3, 1963
BoliviaJune 6, 2001
Bosnia and HerzegovinaNovember 15, 1882
BulgariaJune 2, 1994
CameroonApril 6, 1989
CanadaJanuary 1, 1993
ChileJanuary 1, 2004
ColombiaJune 10, 1848
Costa RicaMay 26, 1852
CroatiaNovember 15, 1882
Czech RepublicJanuary 1, 1993
DenmarkDecember 10, 2008
DR CongoJuly 28, 1989
EcuadorMay 11, 1997
EgyptJune 27, 1992
EstoniaFebruary 16, 1997
EthiopiaOctober 8, 1953
FinlandDecember 1, 1992
FranceDecember 21, 1960
GeorgiaAugust 17, 1997
GermanyJuly 14, 1956
GrenadaMarch 3, 1989
HondurasJuly 19, 1928
IranJune 16, 1957
IrelandNovember 18, 1992
IsraelMay 1, 2019
ItalyJuly 26, 1949
JamaicaMarch 7, 1997
JapanOctober 30, 1953
JordanDecember 17, 2001
KazakhstanJanuary 12, 1994
KyrgyzstanJanuary 12, 1994
LatviaDecember 26, 1996
LiberiaNovember 21, 1939
LithuaniaNovember 22, 2001
LuxembourgMarch 28, 1963
MexicoJanuary 1, 1994
MoldovaNovember 25, 1994
MongoliaJanuary 1, 1997
MontenegroNovember 15, 1882
MoroccoMay 29, 1991
NetherlandsDecember 5, 1957
NorwayJanuary 18, 1928
OmanJune 11, 1960
PakistanFebruary 12, 1961
PanamaMay 30, 1991
ParaguayMarch 07, 1860
PhilippinesSeptember 6, 1955
PolandAugust 6, 1994
Republic of the CongoAugust 13, 1994
RomaniaJanuary 15, 1994
SenegalOctober 25, 1990
SerbiaNovember 15,1882
SingaporeJanuary 1, 2004
SlovakiaJanuary 1, 1993
SloveniaNovember 15, 1882
South KoreaNovember 7, 1957
SpainApril 14, 1903
Sri LankaMay 1, 1993
SurinameFebruary 10, 1963
SwedenFebruary 20, 1992
SwitzerlandNovember 08, 1855
TaiwanNovember 30, 1948
ThailandJune 8, 1968
TogoFebruary 5, 1967
Trinidad and TobagoDecember 26, 1996
TunisiaFebruary 7, 1993
TurkeyMay 18, 1990
UkraineNovember 16, 1996
United KingdomJuly 03, 1815
showing: 78 rows

How many E2 Treaty countries are there?

Currently, there are 78 countries that are part of the E2 Treaty with the United States.

Frequently Asked Questions

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