E2 Treaty Countries 2022

map placeholder

An E2 treaty investor visa is a non-immigrant visa for foreign entrepreneurs or investors to enter and working inside of the US-based on a substantial investment in a bona fide business. The entrepreneur/investor must be from a country that has a Treaty of Trade and Commerce with the United States.

Individuals with E2 visas can work legally in the company that they are investing in, travel freely in and out of the United States, and be accompanied by dependents under 21, relatives and spouses.

E2 visas are valid for up to five years and can be renewed with two-year extensions for as long as the individual maintains the necessary qualifications.

There are several qualifications the investor must meet in order to obtain and maintain an E2 visa. The investor must be from one of the E2 treaty countries. The investment must be substantial to the business, such as being enough for a startup to begin and operate the business. The enterprise that the investor is investing in must be offering tangible goods or services and the investor must be coming to the U.S. to develop and direct the enterprise. The investor is only allowed to work for the employer or business that acted as his/her E2 visa sponsor.

Individuals who are applying for an E2 visa will need to provide evidence that the enterprise being invested in is a bona fide enterprise: “a real, active commercial or entrepreneurial undertaking which produces services or goods for profit.” Documentation that can be used as evidence includes tax returns, financial statements, lease agreements, vendor agreements, quarterly wage reports, and a notice of assignment of an Employer Identification Number from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

In order to apply for an E2 visa, you must be a citizen of an E2 treaty country. If one is a legal permanent resident of one of the treaty countries, he/she cannot apply. One does not need to currently be living in the treaty country as long as he/she is a citizen there. There are currently 78 E2 countries.

E2 Treaty Countries 2022

Country Effective Date of E-2 Treaty 2022 Population
PakistanFebruary 12, 1961235,824,862
BangladeshJuly 25, 1989171,186,372
MexicoJanuary 1, 1994127,504,125
JapanOctober 30, 1953123,951,692
EthiopiaOctober 8, 1953123,379,924
PhilippinesSeptember 6, 1955115,559,009
EgyptJune 27, 1992110,990,103
DR CongoJuly 28, 198999,010,212
IranJune 16, 195788,550,570
TurkeyMay 18, 199085,341,241
GermanyJuly 14, 195683,369,843
ThailandJune 8, 196871,697,030
United KingdomJuly 03, 181567,508,936
FranceDecember 21, 196064,626,628
ItalyJuly 26, 194959,037,474
ColombiaJune 10, 184851,874,024
South KoreaNovember 7, 195751,815,810
SpainApril 14, 190347,558,630
ArgentinaOctober 20, 199445,510,318
PolandAugust 6, 199439,857,145
UkraineNovember 16, 199639,701,739
CanadaJanuary 1, 199338,454,327
MoroccoMay 29, 199137,457,971
CameroonApril 6, 198927,914,536
AustraliaDecember 27, 199126,177,413
TaiwanNovember 30, 194823,893,394
Sri LankaMay 1, 199321,832,143
RomaniaJanuary 15, 199419,659,267
ChileJanuary 1, 200419,603,733
KazakhstanJanuary 12, 199419,397,998
EcuadorMay 11, 199718,001,000
NetherlandsDecember 5, 195717,564,014
SenegalOctober 25, 199017,316,449
TunisiaFebruary 7, 199312,356,117
BoliviaJune 6, 200112,224,110
BelgiumOctober 3, 196311,655,930
JordanDecember 17, 200111,285,869
SwedenFebruary 20, 199210,549,347
Czech RepublicJanuary 1, 199310,493,986
HondurasJuly 19, 192810,432,860
AzerbaijanAugust 2, 200110,358,074
IsraelMay 1, 20199,038,309
AustriaMay 27, 19318,939,617
TogoFebruary 5, 19678,848,699
SwitzerlandNovember 08, 18558,740,472
SerbiaNovember 15,18827,221,365
BulgariaJune 2, 19946,781,953
ParaguayMarch 07, 18606,780,744
KyrgyzstanJanuary 12, 19946,630,623
SingaporeJanuary 1, 20045,975,689
Republic of the CongoAugust 13, 19945,970,424
DenmarkDecember 10, 20085,882,261
SlovakiaJanuary 1, 19935,643,453
FinlandDecember 1, 19925,540,745
NorwayJanuary 18, 19285,434,319
LiberiaNovember 21, 19395,302,681
Costa RicaMay 26, 18525,180,829
IrelandNovember 18, 19925,023,109
OmanJune 11, 19604,576,298
PanamaMay 30, 19914,408,581
CroatiaNovember 15, 18824,030,358
GeorgiaAugust 17, 19973,744,385
MongoliaJanuary 1, 19973,398,366
MoldovaNovember 25, 19943,272,996
Bosnia And HerzegovinaNovember 15, 18823,233,526
AlbaniaJanuary 4, 19982,842,321
JamaicaMarch 7, 19972,827,377
ArmeniaMarch 29, 19962,780,469
LithuaniaNovember 22, 20012,750,055
SloveniaNovember 15, 18822,119,844
LatviaDecember 26, 19961,850,651
Trinidad And TobagoDecember 26, 19961,531,044
BahrainMay 30, 20011,472,233
EstoniaFebruary 16, 19971,326,062
LuxembourgMarch 28, 1963647,599
MontenegroNovember 15, 1882627,082
SurinameFebruary 10, 1963618,040
GrenadaMarch 3, 1989125,438

E2 Treaty Countries 2022

Sources