Eastern Europe Countries 2021

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Eastern Europe is a region of the continent of Europe. In total, the Eastern European area of the world accounts for seven countries and three republics, out of the global total number of countries that equates to 196.

The United Nations classifies Eastern Europe as including the following countries…

  • Belarus
  • Bulgaria
  • Czechia
  • Hungary
  • Moldova
  • Poland
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Slovakia
  • Ukraine

Unfortunately, several Eastern European countries are among the poorest countries in Europe: Moldova, Ukraine, Belarus, and Bulgaria. Moldova, Russia, and Ukraine are former Soviet Republics.


Belarus is practically front and center in relation to the other nine Eastern European countries. As a landlocked country, Belarus is surrounded by fellow European countries. Ukraine is south of Belarus, and both Latvia and Lithuania can be found to the north of Belarus. Poland lies just west of the country, whereas Russia borders Belarus along the Eastern European country's northern and eastern borders.

The capital city of Belarus is Minsk. The population of Belarus is an estimated 9.5 million people. The number of people living in Belarus is far lower than the country's total area, meaning that the population density of Belarus is rather small. There are just about 46 people for every square mile of land within the boundaries of Belarus. The country accounts for less than one percent of the entire global population, seeing as it is home to about 0.12% of people on Earth.


The Czech Republic, or Czechia, is located amid many European countries, making the Czech Republic an entirely-landlocked country with no line of direct access to any major body of water. Four countries share borders with the Czech Republic, including Poland, Austria, Germany, and Slovakia. To the north, the Czech Republic is bordered by Poland, while Germany is in the west, and Slovakia lies just east of the Czech Republic. The fourth country with which the Czech Republic shares borders is Austria, a country that can be found to the south of Czechia.

The country’s capital is Prague. The Czech Republic's current population is about 10.7 million, which is 0.14% of all people in the world. With a total area of 30,450 square miles, the Czech Republic ranks as the 115th largest country based on physical dimensions. The population density is calculated as about 350 people per square mile of land in the Czech Republic.


Poland is an Eastern European country with a coastline that lies along the Baltic Sea. Poland's capital is Warsaw, which might sound familiar to you due to its prominence in Poland's historical timeline. About 38 million people are living in Poland. Poland's population is spread out across a total area of approximately 120,728 square miles. The majority of Poland is land-based, with 117,473 square miles, or 97.3%, of the total area being made up of land. The remaining 3,255 square miles are water regions.

The Republic of Poland is known for being the most religious-minded country in all of Europe. The Polish country is the place to go for a look at some of the most beautiful natural scenery you'll ever have the pleasure of seeing.


Called the Slovak Republic in official terms, Slovakia is like many other Eastern European countries in that it is surrounded by land. To the north of Slovakia lies Poland, while Hungary borders the southern edge of Slovakia. The Slovak Republic also shares boundaries with Ukraine, Austria, and the Czech Republic. The population of Slovakia is just under 5.5 million people. About 5.5 million people call Slovakia their home, which is a slight increase in population size compared to the prior year -- 0.02% to be specific. The boundaries of Slovakia's land surround roughly 18,567 square miles, making the population density about 294 persons per square mile.

As a country predominantly comprised of mountainous regions, Slovakia is a prime place to spend your winters, especially if you love cold weather and all sorts of snow-related sports. The capital of the Slovak Republic is Bratislava, which is a major city located in the westernmost part of Slovakia. Bratislava is so far west that it almost appears to sit outside of the Slovakian borders, but don't be fooled. The capital is definitely within the confines of Slovakia.


More formally called the Ukraine, this Eastern European country is surrounded by seven fellow European countries and the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Starting with Ukraine's southwestern border and moving clockwise around the country's borders, Ukraine shares boundaries with Moldova, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, Belarus, and Russia. Although Ukraine takes up its fair share of space, people seem to revere Ukraine as a smaller country. Maybe it's due to the country's location and proximity to Russia, which is a massive country to begin with. But either way, Ukraine happens to be far larger than people think.

Ukraine's total area is about 233,013 square miles in total, making it the second-largest country in Europe. The Ukrainian population has been said to hover just below 44 million people, making Ukraine the 33rd-largest countries around the world. Even so, Ukraine only accounts for about 0.57% of the global population.

Eastern Europe Countries 2021

Country 2021 Population
Czech Republic10,724,555

Eastern Europe Countries 2021