How Many Countries Are There 2021

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How many countries are there in the world? According to the United Nations, there are 195 sovereign states. If you include the two U.N. observer state, Vatican City and Palestine, there are 197.

Calculating the number of countries in the world may seem like it should be a simple task, but it is one that quickly becomes fraught with political, geographical, and socio-economic difficulties. Depending on the source, the number of countries can vary quite considerably, and there is no universal agreement on the total.

However, many people look to the United Nations as the most reliable source, as for a country to become a member of the U.N. requires a considerable process of assessment and voting by existing members. A country applying for U.N. membership must receive consent from all five permanent member countries of the Security Council (United States, United Kingdom, France, Russia, and China), in addition to receiving approval from a two-thirds majority of the General Assembly.

At present, the U.N. recognizes a total of 197 countries. This includes 193 member countries, two U.N. observers (Holy See (Vatican) and Palestine), and Taiwan and Kosovo, each widely regarded as self-governed territories. Taiwan, in particular, is recognized as having significant economic resources. However, it should be noted that China regards Taiwan as being part of its territory, as does Serbia with Kosovo. Both are good examples of the political sensitivities involved in defining what makes a country, particularly when the area involved shares contested space, such as in the case of Palestine.

It is also worth noting that some well-established countries haven't always been members of the U.N., which complicates using U.N. figures. For example, Switzerland joined the U.N. in 2002, but few would argue over Switzerland's status as a sovereign state long before this date. It can therefore be useful to look to other internationally-recognized organizations for country data, such as the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).

When looking at a map of the world, it may seem relatively easy to determine areas of the globe that look like they should be countries. For example, Greenland, a large island between the north Atlantic and Arctic oceans, certainly looks like it ought to be a country. However, Greenland is not a U.N. member country and, while it controls many of its own domestic affairs, it is, in fact, ultimately controlled by Denmark, a much smaller European country thousands of miles away.

Even the United Kingdom, a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council and a strong global economic player, is simply the collective name for the constituent countries of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, all of which have varying levels of devolution and each of which has a complicated political history with England, including territorial disputes that continue to this day.

All of this demonstrates that it is not so simple to determine the exact number of countries there are in the world, and the constantly changing nature of politics means that issues around sovereignty are unlikely to ever be fully resolved as the ever-shifting forces of globalization continue to redefine the meaning of nationhood.

The table below shows 232 because it includes territories and regions that have some elements of self-governance but are not considered sovereign states.

How Many Countries Are There 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population Area Region Subregion
1Vatican City8001 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
2Tokelau1,37312 km²OceaniaPolynesia
3Niue1,619260 km²OceaniaPolynesia
4Falkland Islands3,53312,173 km²AmericasSouth America
5Montserrat4,977102 km²AmericasCaribbean
6Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,766242 km²AmericasNorthern America
7Saint Barthelemy9,90721 km²AmericasCaribbean
8Nauru10,87621 km²OceaniaMicronesia
9Wallis And Futuna11,094142 km²OceaniaPolynesia
10Tuvalu11,93126 km²OceaniaPolynesia
11Anguilla15,11791 km²AmericasCaribbean
12Cook Islands17,565236 km²OceaniaPolynesia
13Palau18,169459 km²OceaniaMicronesia
14British Virgin Islands30,421151 km²AmericasCaribbean
15Gibraltar33,6986 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
16San Marino34,01761 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
17Liechtenstein38,250160 km²EuropeWestern Europe
18Turks And Caicos Islands39,231948 km²AmericasCaribbean
19Saint Martin39,23453 km²AmericasCaribbean
20Monaco39,5112 km²EuropeWestern Europe
21Sint Maarten43,41234 km²AmericasCaribbean
22Faroe Islands49,0491,393 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
23Saint Kitts And Nevis53,544261 km²AmericasCaribbean
24American Samoa55,100199 km²OceaniaPolynesia
25Greenland56,8772,166,086 km²AmericasNorthern America
26Northern Mariana Islands57,917464 km²OceaniaMicronesia
27Marshall Islands59,610181 km²OceaniaMicronesia
28Bermuda62,09054 km²AmericasNorthern America
29Cayman Islands66,497264 km²AmericasCaribbean
30Dominica72,167751 km²AmericasCaribbean
31Andorra77,355468 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
32Isle Of Man85,410572 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
33Antigua And Barbuda98,731442 km²AmericasCaribbean
34Seychelles98,908452 km²AfricaEastern Africa
35United States Virgin Islands104,226347 km²AmericasCaribbean
36Tonga106,760747 km²OceaniaPolynesia
37Aruba107,204180 km²AmericasCaribbean
38Saint Vincent And The Grenadines111,263389 km²AmericasCaribbean
39Grenada113,021344 km²AmericasCaribbean
40Micronesia116,254702 km²OceaniaMicronesia
41Kiribati121,392811 km²OceaniaMicronesia
42Curacao164,798444 km²AmericasCaribbean
43Guam170,179549 km²OceaniaMicronesia
44Saint Lucia184,400616 km²AmericasCaribbean
45Samoa200,1492,842 km²OceaniaPolynesia
46Sao Tome And Principe223,368964 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
47Mayotte279,515374 km²AfricaEastern Africa
48French Polynesia282,5304,167 km²OceaniaPolynesia
49Barbados287,711430 km²AmericasCaribbean
50New Caledonia288,21818,575 km²OceaniaMelanesia
51French Guiana306,44883,534 km²AmericasSouth America
52Vanuatu314,46412,189 km²OceaniaMelanesia
53Iceland343,353103,000 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
54Martinique374,7451,128 km²AmericasCaribbean
55Bahamas396,91313,943 km²AmericasCaribbean
56Guadeloupe400,0201,628 km²AmericasCaribbean
57Belize404,91422,966 km²AmericasCentral America
58Brunei441,5325,765 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
59Malta442,784316 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
60Maldives543,617300 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
61Cape Verde561,8984,033 km²AfricaWestern Africa
62Suriname591,800163,820 km²AmericasSouth America
63Western Sahara611,875266,000 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
64Montenegro628,05313,812 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
65Luxembourg634,8142,586 km²EuropeWestern Europe
66Macau658,39430 km²AsiaEastern Asia
67Solomon Islands703,99628,896 km²OceaniaMelanesia
68Bhutan779,89838,394 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
69Guyana790,326214,969 km²AmericasSouth America
70Comoros888,4511,862 km²AfricaEastern Africa
71Reunion901,6862,511 km²AfricaEastern Africa
72Fiji902,90618,272 km²OceaniaMelanesia
73Djibouti1,002,18723,200 km²AfricaEastern Africa
74Eswatini1,172,36217,364 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
75Cyprus1,215,5849,251 km²EuropeEastern Europe
76Mauritius1,273,4332,040 km²AfricaEastern Africa
77Estonia1,325,18545,227 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
78Timor Leste1,343,87314,874 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
79Trinidad And Tobago1,403,3755,130 km²AmericasCaribbean
80Equatorial Guinea1,449,89628,051 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
81Bahrain1,748,296765 km²AsiaWestern Asia
82Latvia1,866,94264,559 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
83Guinea Bissau2,015,49436,125 km²AfricaWestern Africa
84Slovenia2,078,72420,273 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
85North Macedonia2,082,65825,713 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
86Lesotho2,159,07930,355 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
87Gabon2,278,825267,668 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
88Botswana2,397,241582,000 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
89Gambia2,486,94510,689 km²AfricaWestern Africa
90Namibia2,587,344825,615 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
91Lithuania2,689,86265,300 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
92Puerto Rico2,828,2558,870 km²AmericasCaribbean
93Albania2,872,93328,748 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
94Qatar2,930,52811,586 km²AsiaWestern Asia
95Armenia2,968,12729,743 km²AsiaWestern Asia
96Jamaica2,973,46310,991 km²AmericasCaribbean
97Bosnia And Herzegovina3,263,46651,209 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
98Mongolia3,329,2891,564,110 km²AsiaEastern Asia
99Uruguay3,485,151181,034 km²AmericasSouth America
100Eritrea3,601,467117,600 km²AfricaEastern Africa
101Georgia3,979,76569,700 km²AsiaWestern Asia
102Moldova4,024,01933,846 km²EuropeEastern Europe
103Croatia4,081,65156,594 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
104Kuwait4,328,55017,818 km²AsiaWestern Asia
105Panama4,381,57975,417 km²AmericasCentral America
106Mauritania4,775,1191,030,700 km²AfricaWestern Africa
107New Zealand4,860,643270,467 km²OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
108Central African Republic4,919,981622,984 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
109Ireland4,982,90770,273 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
110Costa Rica5,139,05251,100 km²AmericasCentral America
111Liberia5,180,203111,369 km²AfricaWestern Africa
112Palestine5,222,7486,220 km²AsiaWestern Asia
113Oman5,223,375309,500 km²AsiaWestern Asia
114Slovakia5,460,72149,037 km²EuropeEastern Europe
115Norway5,465,630323,802 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
116Finland5,548,360338,424 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
117Republic Of The Congo5,657,013342,000 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
118Denmark5,813,29843,094 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
119Singapore5,896,686710 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
120Turkmenistan6,117,924488,100 km²AsiaCentral Asia
121El Salvador6,518,49921,041 km²AmericasCentral America
122Kyrgyzstan6,628,356199,951 km²AsiaCentral Asia
123Nicaragua6,702,385130,373 km²AmericasCentral America
124Lebanon6,769,14610,452 km²AsiaWestern Asia
125Bulgaria6,896,663110,879 km²EuropeEastern Europe
126Libya6,958,5321,759,540 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
127Paraguay7,219,638406,752 km²AmericasSouth America
128Laos7,379,358236,800 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
129Hong Kong7,552,8101,104 km²AsiaEastern Asia
130Sierra Leone8,141,34371,740 km²AfricaWestern Africa
131Togo8,478,25056,785 km²AfricaWestern Africa
132Serbia8,697,55088,361 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
133Switzerland8,715,49441,284 km²EuropeWestern Europe
134Israel8,789,77420,770 km²AsiaWestern Asia
135Austria9,043,07083,871 km²EuropeWestern Europe
136Papua New Guinea9,119,010462,840 km²OceaniaMelanesia
137Belarus9,442,862207,600 km²EuropeEastern Europe
138Hungary9,634,16493,028 km²EuropeEastern Europe
139Tajikistan9,749,627143,100 km²AsiaCentral Asia
140United Arab Emirates9,991,08983,600 km²AsiaWestern Asia
141Honduras10,062,991112,492 km²AmericasCentral America
142Sweden10,160,169450,295 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
143Portugal10,167,92592,090 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
144Azerbaijan10,223,34286,600 km²AsiaWestern Asia
145Jordan10,269,02189,342 km²AsiaWestern Asia
146Greece10,370,744131,990 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
147Czech Republic10,724,55578,865 km²EuropeEastern Europe
148Dominican Republic10,953,70348,671 km²AmericasCaribbean
149Cuba11,317,505109,884 km²AmericasCaribbean
150South Sudan11,381,378619,745 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
151Haiti11,541,68527,750 km²AmericasCaribbean
152Belgium11,632,32630,528 km²EuropeWestern Europe
153Bolivia11,832,9401,098,581 km²AmericasSouth America
154Tunisia11,935,766163,610 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
155Burundi12,255,43327,834 km²AfricaEastern Africa
156Benin12,451,040112,622 km²AfricaWestern Africa
157Rwanda13,276,51326,338 km²AfricaEastern Africa
158Guinea13,497,244245,857 km²AfricaWestern Africa
159Zimbabwe15,092,171390,757 km²AfricaEastern Africa
160Somalia16,359,504637,657 km²AfricaEastern Africa
161Chad16,914,9851,284,000 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
162Cambodia16,946,438181,035 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
163Netherlands17,173,09941,850 km²EuropeWestern Europe
164Senegal17,196,301196,722 km²AfricaWestern Africa
165Ecuador17,888,475276,841 km²AmericasSouth America
166Guatemala18,249,860108,889 km²AmericasCentral America
167Syria18,275,702185,180 km²AsiaWestern Asia
168Zambia18,920,651752,612 km²AfricaEastern Africa
169Kazakhstan18,994,9622,724,900 km²AsiaCentral Asia
170Romania19,127,774238,391 km²EuropeEastern Europe
171Chile19,212,361756,102 km²AmericasSouth America
172Malawi19,647,684118,484 km²AfricaEastern Africa
173Mali20,855,7351,240,192 km²AfricaWestern Africa
174Burkina Faso21,497,096272,967 km²AfricaWestern Africa
175Sri Lanka21,497,31065,610 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
176Taiwan23,855,01036,193 km²AsiaEastern Asia
177Niger25,130,8171,267,000 km²AfricaWestern Africa
178Australia25,788,2157,692,024 km²OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
179North Korea25,887,041120,538 km²AsiaEastern Asia
180Ivory Coast27,053,629322,463 km²AfricaWestern Africa
181Cameroon27,224,265475,442 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
182Madagascar28,427,328587,041 km²AfricaEastern Africa
183Venezuela28,704,954916,445 km²AmericasSouth America
184Nepal29,674,920147,181 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
185Yemen30,490,640527,968 km²AsiaWestern Asia
186Ghana31,732,129238,533 km²AfricaWestern Africa
187Mozambique32,163,047801,590 km²AfricaEastern Africa
188Malaysia32,776,194330,803 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
189Peru33,359,4181,285,216 km²AmericasSouth America
190Angola33,933,6101,246,700 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
191Uzbekistan33,935,763447,400 km²AsiaCentral Asia
192Saudi Arabia35,340,6832,149,690 km²AsiaWestern Asia
193Morocco37,344,795446,550 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
194Poland37,797,005312,679 km²EuropeEastern Europe
195Canada38,067,9039,984,670 km²AmericasNorthern America
196Afghanistan39,835,428652,230 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
197Iraq41,179,350438,317 km²AsiaWestern Asia
198Ukraine43,466,819603,500 km²EuropeEastern Europe
199Algeria44,616,6242,381,741 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
200Sudan44,909,3531,886,068 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
201Argentina45,605,8262,780,400 km²AmericasSouth America
202Spain46,745,216505,992 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
203Uganda47,123,531241,550 km²AfricaEastern Africa
204Colombia51,265,8441,141,748 km²AmericasSouth America
205South Korea51,305,186100,210 km²AsiaEastern Asia
206Myanmar54,806,012676,578 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
207Kenya54,985,698580,367 km²AfricaEastern Africa
208South Africa60,041,9941,221,037 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
209Italy60,367,477301,336 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
210Tanzania61,498,437945,087 km²AfricaEastern Africa
211France65,426,179551,695 km²EuropeWestern Europe
212United Kingdom68,207,116242,900 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
213Thailand69,950,850513,120 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
214Germany83,900,473357,114 km²EuropeWestern Europe
215Iran85,028,7591,648,195 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
216Turkey85,042,738783,562 km²AsiaWestern Asia
217Dr Congo92,377,9932,344,858 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
218Vietnam98,168,833331,212 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
219Egypt104,258,3271,002,450 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
220Philippines111,046,913342,353 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
221Ethiopia117,876,2271,104,300 km²AfricaEastern Africa
222Japan126,050,804377,930 km²AsiaEastern Asia
223Mexico130,262,2161,964,375 km²AmericasCentral America
224Russia145,912,02517,098,242 km²EuropeEastern Europe
225Bangladesh166,303,498147,570 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
226Nigeria211,400,708923,768 km²AfricaWestern Africa
227Brazil213,993,4378,515,767 km²AmericasSouth America
228Pakistan225,199,937881,912 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
229Indonesia276,361,7831,904,569 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
230United States332,915,0739,372,610 km²AmericasNorthern America
231India1,393,409,0383,287,590 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
232China1,444,216,1079,706,961 km²AsiaEastern Asia

How Many Countries Are There 2021