How Many Countries are There 2022

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How many countries are there in the world? While this might seem to be a simple question, the answer is quite complicated.

The problem is that different organizations have different stances on exactly what it takes to qualify as a country. Depending on the source, the number of countries can vary quite considerably, and there is no universal agreement on the total.

That said, the United Nations is generally regarded as the de facto authority on nationhood. Currently, the U.N. recognizes 193 countries as member states. It also recognizes two "observers states", the Holy See/Vatican City and Palestine, which are self-ruling territories but not full-fledged countries.

However, even the U.N. list is not free of controversy. The U.N. does not currently acknowledge the self-governed territory of Taiwan (Republic of China), which was a member of the U.N. from 1945 to 1971, but is now considered a territory of mainland China. Similarly, as of 2020, roughly half of U.N. members still considered Kosovo to be part of Serbia rather than its own nation.

By comparison, Britannica's list of countries grants full nation-hood rights to Vatican City, Taiwan, and Kosovo for a total of 196 countries. Then there's Wikipedia's list of sovereign states, which mirrors the U.N.'s list of 193 countries and two observer states, then adds eleven sovereign states, including Taiwan, Kosovo, Northern Cyprus, Cook Islands, and more for a total of 206.

Perhaps the most puzzling non-country is Greenland, a massive island between the north Atlantic and Arctic oceans, which certainly looks like it ought to be its own country—just like its tiny neighbor, Iceland. However, Greenland is not a U.N. member country and, while it controls many of its own domestic affairs, it is ultimately controlled by Denmark, a European country even tinier than Iceland, thousands of miles away.

Other sources use a less rigid definition of country and give dependent and disputed territories such as Greenland and the Gaza Strip their own separate listings. This is the reason the United States' CIA Factbook lists 237 countries.

All of this demonstrates that it is not so simple to determine the exact number of countries there are in the world. Moreover, and the constantly changing nature of politics means that issues around sovereignty are unlikely to ever be fully resolved.

For the ultimate list of not just countries, but also territories and regions that have some degree of self-governance but are not universally considered fully-fledged countries, check the table below.

How Many Countries are There 2022

Country 2022 Population Area Region Subregion
China1,425,887,3379,706,961 km²AsiaEastern Asia
India1,417,173,1733,287,590 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
United States338,289,8579,372,610 km²North AmericaNorthern America
Indonesia275,501,3391,904,569 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Pakistan235,824,862881,912 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Nigeria218,541,212923,768 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Brazil215,313,4988,515,767 km²South AmericaSouth America
Bangladesh171,186,372147,570 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Russia144,713,31417,098,242 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Mexico127,504,1251,964,375 km²North AmericaCentral America
Japan123,951,692377,930 km²AsiaEastern Asia
Ethiopia123,379,9241,104,300 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Philippines115,559,009342,353 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Egypt110,990,1031,002,450 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
DR Congo99,010,2122,344,858 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Vietnam98,186,856331,212 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Iran88,550,5701,648,195 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Turkey85,341,241783,562 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Germany83,369,843357,114 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Thailand71,697,030513,120 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
United Kingdom67,508,936242,900 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Tanzania65,497,748945,087 km²AfricaEastern Africa
France64,626,628551,695 km²EuropeWestern Europe
South Africa59,893,8851,221,037 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
Italy59,037,474301,336 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Myanmar54,179,306676,578 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Kenya54,027,487580,367 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Colombia51,874,0241,141,748 km²South AmericaSouth America
South Korea51,815,810100,210 km²AsiaEastern Asia
Spain47,558,630505,992 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Uganda47,249,585241,550 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Sudan46,874,2041,886,068 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
Argentina45,510,3182,780,400 km²South AmericaSouth America
Algeria44,903,2252,381,741 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
Iraq44,496,122438,317 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Afghanistan41,128,771652,230 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Poland39,857,145312,679 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Ukraine39,701,739603,500 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Canada38,454,3279,984,670 km²North AmericaNorthern America
Morocco37,457,971446,550 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
Saudi Arabia36,408,8202,149,690 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Angola35,588,9871,246,700 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Uzbekistan34,627,652447,400 km²AsiaCentral Asia
Peru34,049,5881,285,216 km²South AmericaSouth America
Malaysia33,938,221330,803 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Yemen33,696,614527,968 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Ghana33,475,870238,533 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Mozambique32,969,518801,590 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Nepal30,547,580147,181 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Madagascar29,611,714587,041 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Venezuela28,301,696916,445 km²South AmericaSouth America
Ivory Coast28,160,542322,463 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Cameroon27,914,536475,442 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Niger26,207,9771,267,000 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Australia26,177,4137,692,024 km²OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
North Korea26,069,416120,538 km²AsiaEastern Asia
Taiwan23,893,39436,193 km²AsiaEastern Asia
Burkina Faso22,673,762272,967 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Mali22,593,5901,240,192 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Syria22,125,249185,180 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Sri Lanka21,832,14365,610 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Malawi20,405,317118,484 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Zambia20,017,675752,612 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Romania19,659,267238,391 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Chile19,603,733756,102 km²South AmericaSouth America
Kazakhstan19,397,9982,724,900 km²AsiaCentral Asia
Ecuador18,001,000276,841 km²South AmericaSouth America
Guatemala17,843,908108,889 km²North AmericaCentral America
Chad17,723,3151,284,000 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Somalia17,597,511637,657 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Netherlands17,564,01441,850 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Senegal17,316,449196,722 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Cambodia16,767,842181,035 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Zimbabwe16,320,537390,757 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Guinea13,859,341245,857 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Rwanda13,776,69826,338 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Benin13,352,864112,622 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Burundi12,889,57627,834 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Tunisia12,356,117163,610 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
Bolivia12,224,1101,098,581 km²South AmericaSouth America
Belgium11,655,93030,528 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Haiti11,584,99627,750 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Jordan11,285,86989,342 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Dominican Republic11,228,82148,671 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Cuba11,212,191109,884 km²North AmericaCaribbean
South Sudan10,913,164619,745 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Sweden10,549,347450,295 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Czech Republic10,493,98678,865 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Honduras10,432,860112,492 km²North AmericaCentral America
Greece10,384,971131,990 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Azerbaijan10,358,07486,600 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Portugal10,270,86592,090 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Papua New Guinea10,142,619462,840 km²OceaniaMelanesia
Hungary9,967,30893,028 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Tajikistan9,952,787143,100 km²AsiaCentral Asia
Belarus9,534,954207,600 km²EuropeEastern Europe
United Arab Emirates9,441,12983,600 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Israel9,038,30920,770 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Austria8,939,61783,871 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Togo8,848,69956,785 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Switzerland8,740,47241,284 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Sierra Leone8,605,71871,740 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Laos7,529,475236,800 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Hong Kong7,488,8651,104 km²AsiaEastern Asia
Serbia7,221,36588,361 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Nicaragua6,948,392130,373 km²North AmericaCentral America
Libya6,812,3411,759,540 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
Bulgaria6,781,953110,879 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Paraguay6,780,744406,752 km²South AmericaSouth America
Kyrgyzstan6,630,623199,951 km²AsiaCentral Asia
Turkmenistan6,430,770488,100 km²AsiaCentral Asia
El Salvador6,336,39221,041 km²North AmericaCentral America
Singapore5,975,689710 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Republic of the Congo5,970,424342,000 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Denmark5,882,26143,094 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Slovakia5,643,45349,037 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Central African Republic5,579,144622,984 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Finland5,540,745338,424 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Lebanon5,489,73910,452 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Norway5,434,319323,802 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Liberia5,302,681111,369 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Palestine5,250,0726,220 km²AsiaWestern Asia
New Zealand5,185,288270,467 km²OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
Costa Rica5,180,82951,100 km²North AmericaCentral America
Ireland5,023,10970,273 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Mauritania4,736,1391,030,700 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Oman4,576,298309,500 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Panama4,408,58175,417 km²North AmericaCentral America
Kuwait4,268,87317,818 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Croatia4,030,35856,594 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Georgia3,744,38569,700 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Eritrea3,684,032117,600 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Uruguay3,422,794181,034 km²South AmericaSouth America
Mongolia3,398,3661,564,110 km²AsiaEastern Asia
Moldova3,272,99633,846 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Puerto Rico3,252,4078,870 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Bosnia and Herzegovina3,233,52651,209 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Albania2,842,32128,748 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Jamaica2,827,37710,991 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Armenia2,780,46929,743 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Lithuania2,750,05565,300 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Gambia2,705,99210,689 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Qatar2,695,12211,586 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Botswana2,630,296582,000 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
Namibia2,567,012825,615 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
Gabon2,388,992267,668 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Lesotho2,305,82530,355 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
Slovenia2,119,84420,273 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Guinea Bissau2,105,56636,125 km²AfricaWestern Africa
North Macedonia2,093,59925,713 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Latvia1,850,65164,559 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Equatorial Guinea1,674,90828,051 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Trinidad and Tobago1,531,0445,130 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Bahrain1,472,233765 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Timor Leste1,341,29614,874 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Estonia1,326,06245,227 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Mauritius1,299,4692,040 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Cyprus1,251,4889,251 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Eswatini1,201,67017,364 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
Djibouti1,120,84923,200 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Reunion974,0522,511 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Fiji929,76618,272 km²OceaniaMelanesia
Comoros836,7741,862 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Guyana808,726214,969 km²South AmericaSouth America
Bhutan782,45538,394 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Solomon Islands724,27328,896 km²OceaniaMelanesia
Macau695,16830 km²AsiaEastern Asia
Luxembourg647,5992,586 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Montenegro627,08213,812 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Suriname618,040163,820 km²South AmericaSouth America
Cape Verde593,1494,033 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Western Sahara575,986266,000 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
Malta533,286316 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Maldives523,787300 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Brunei449,0025,765 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Bahamas409,98413,943 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Belize405,27222,966 km²North AmericaCentral America
Guadeloupe395,7521,628 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Iceland372,899103,000 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Martinique367,5071,128 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Vanuatu326,74012,189 km²OceaniaMelanesia
Mayotte326,101374 km²AfricaEastern Africa
French Polynesia306,2794,167 km²OceaniaPolynesia
French Guiana304,55783,534 km²South AmericaSouth America
New Caledonia289,95018,575 km²OceaniaMelanesia
Barbados281,635430 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Sao Tome and Principe227,380964 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Samoa222,3822,842 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Curacao191,163444 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Saint Lucia179,857616 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Guam171,774549 km²OceaniaMicronesia
Kiribati131,232811 km²OceaniaMicronesia
Grenada125,438344 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Micronesia114,164702 km²OceaniaMicronesia
Jersey110,778116 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Seychelles107,118452 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Tonga106,858747 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Aruba106,445180 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines103,948389 km²North AmericaCaribbean
United States Virgin Islands99,465347 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Antigua and Barbuda93,763442 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Isle of Man84,519572 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Andorra79,824468 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Dominica72,737751 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Cayman Islands68,706264 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Bermuda64,18454 km²North AmericaNorthern America
Guernsey63,30178 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Greenland56,4662,166,086 km²North AmericaNorthern America
Faroe Islands53,0901,393 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Northern Mariana Islands49,551464 km²OceaniaMicronesia
Saint Kitts and Nevis47,657261 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Turks and Caicos Islands45,703948 km²North AmericaCaribbean
American Samoa44,273199 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Sint Maarten44,17534 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Marshall Islands41,569181 km²OceaniaMicronesia
Liechtenstein39,327160 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Monaco36,4692 km²EuropeWestern Europe
San Marino33,66061 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Gibraltar32,6496 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Saint Martin31,79153 km²North AmericaCaribbean
British Virgin Islands31,305151 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Palau18,055459 km²OceaniaMicronesia
Cook Islands17,011236 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Anguilla15,85791 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Nauru12,66821 km²OceaniaMicronesia
Wallis and Futuna11,572142 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Tuvalu11,31226 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Saint Barthelemy10,96721 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Saint Pierre and Miquelon5,862242 km²North AmericaNorthern America
Montserrat4,390102 km²North AmericaCaribbean
Falkland Islands3,78012,173 km²South AmericaSouth America
Niue1,934260 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Tokelau1,87112 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Vatican City5101 km²EuropeSouthern Europe

How Many Countries are There 2022

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