How Many Countries Are There 2022

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How many countries are there in the world? While this might seem to be a simple question, the answer is quite complicated.

The problem is that different organizations have different stances on exactly what it takes to qualify as a country. Depending on the source, the number of countries can vary quite considerably, and there is no universal agreement on the total.

That said, the United Nations is generally regarded as the de facto authority on nationhood. Currently, the U.N. recognizes 193 countries as member states. It also recognizes two "observers states", the Holy See/Vatican City and Palestine, which are self-ruling territories but not full-fledged countries.

However, even the U.N. list is not free of controversy. The U.N. does not currently acknowledge the self-governed territory of Taiwan (Republic of China), which was a member of the U.N. from 1945 to 1971, but is now considered a territory of mainland China. Similarly, as of 2020, roughly half of U.N. members still considered Kosovo to be part of Serbia rather than its own nation.

By comparison, Britannica's list of countries grants full nation-hood rights to Vatican City, Taiwan, and Kosovo for a total of 196 countries. Then there's Wikipedia's list of sovereign states, which mirrors the U.N.'s list of 193 countries and two observer states, then adds eleven sovereign states, including Taiwan, Kosovo, Northern Cyprus, Cook Islands, and more for a total of 206.

Perhaps the most puzzling non-country is Greenland, a massive island between the north Atlantic and Arctic oceans, which certainly looks like it ought to be its own country—just like its tiny neighbor, Iceland. However, Greenland is not a U.N. member country and, while it controls many of its own domestic affairs, it is ultimately controlled by Denmark, a European country even tinier than Iceland, thousands of miles away.

Other sources use a less rigid definition of country and give dependent and disputed territories such as Greenland and the Gaza Strip their own separate listings. This is the reason the United States' CIA Factbook lists 237 countries.

All of this demonstrates that it is not so simple to determine the exact number of countries there are in the world. Moreover, and the constantly changing nature of politics means that issues around sovereignty are unlikely to ever be fully resolved.

For the ultimate list of not just countries, but also territories and regions that have some degree of self-governance but are not universally considered fully-fledged countries, check the table below.

How Many Countries Are There 2022

Country 2022 Population Area Region Subregion
Vatican City7991 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Tokelau1,37812 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Niue1,622260 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Falkland Islands3,53912,173 km²AmericasSouth America
Montserrat4,965102 km²AmericasCaribbean
Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,759242 km²AmericasNorthern America
Saint Barthelemy9,94521 km²AmericasCaribbean
Nauru10,90321 km²OceaniaMicronesia
Wallis And Futuna10,982142 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Tuvalu12,06626 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Anguilla15,23091 km²AmericasCaribbean
Cook Islands17,571236 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Palau18,233459 km²OceaniaMicronesia
British Virgin Islands30,596151 km²AmericasCaribbean
Gibraltar33,7046 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
San Marino34,08561 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Liechtenstein38,387160 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Saint Martin39,73053 km²AmericasCaribbean
Turks And Caicos Islands39,741948 km²AmericasCaribbean
Monaco39,7832 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Sint Maarten43,96634 km²AmericasCaribbean
Faroe Islands49,2331,393 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,871261 km²AmericasCaribbean
American Samoa55,030199 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Greenland56,9732,166,086 km²AmericasNorthern America
Northern Mariana Islands58,269464 km²OceaniaMicronesia
Marshall Islands60,057181 km²OceaniaMicronesia
Bermuda61,93954 km²AmericasNorthern America
Cayman Islands67,277264 km²AmericasCaribbean
Dominica72,344751 km²AmericasCaribbean
Andorra77,463468 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Isle of Man85,732572 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Seychelles99,426452 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Antigua And Barbuda99,509442 km²AmericasCaribbean
United States Virgin Islands103,971347 km²AmericasCaribbean
Aruba107,609180 km²AmericasCaribbean
Tonga107,749747 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines111,551389 km²AmericasCaribbean
Grenada113,475344 km²AmericasCaribbean
Micronesia117,489702 km²OceaniaMicronesia
Kiribati123,419811 km²OceaniaMicronesia
Curacao165,529444 km²AmericasCaribbean
Guam171,519549 km²OceaniaMicronesia
Saint Lucia185,113616 km²AmericasCaribbean
Samoa202,2392,842 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Sao Tome And Principe227,679964 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
French Polynesia284,1644,167 km²OceaniaPolynesia
Mayotte286,259374 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Barbados288,023430 km²AmericasCaribbean
New Caledonia290,91518,575 km²OceaniaMelanesia
French Guiana314,16983,534 km²AmericasSouth America
Vanuatu321,83212,189 km²OceaniaMelanesia
Iceland345,393103,000 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Martinique374,0871,128 km²AmericasCaribbean
Guadeloupe399,7941,628 km²AmericasCaribbean
Bahamas400,51613,943 km²AmericasCaribbean
Belize412,19022,966 km²AmericasCentral America
Malta444,033316 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Brunei445,4315,765 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Maldives540,985300 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Cape Verde567,6784,033 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Suriname596,831163,820 km²AmericasSouth America
Western Sahara626,161266,000 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
Montenegro627,95013,812 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Luxembourg642,3712,586 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Macau667,49030 km²AsiaEastern Asia
Solomon Islands721,15928,896 km²OceaniaMelanesia
Bhutan787,94138,394 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Guyana794,045214,969 km²AmericasSouth America
Comoros907,4191,862 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Reunion908,0612,511 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Fiji909,46618,272 km²OceaniaMelanesia
Djibouti1,016,09723,200 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Eswatini1,184,81717,364 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
Cyprus1,223,3879,251 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Mauritius1,274,7272,040 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Estonia1,321,91045,227 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Timor Leste1,369,42914,874 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Trinidad And Tobago1,406,5855,130 km²AmericasCaribbean
Equatorial Guinea1,496,66228,051 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Bahrain1,783,983765 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Latvia1,848,83764,559 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Guinea Bissau2,063,36736,125 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Slovenia2,078,03420,273 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
North Macedonia2,081,30425,713 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Lesotho2,175,69930,355 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
Gabon2,331,533267,668 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Botswana2,441,162582,000 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
Gambia2,558,48210,689 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Namibia2,633,874825,615 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
Lithuania2,661,70865,300 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Puerto Rico2,829,8128,870 km²AmericasCaribbean
Albania2,866,37428,748 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Armenia2,971,96629,743 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Qatar2,979,91511,586 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Jamaica2,985,09410,991 km²AmericasCaribbean
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,249,31751,209 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Mongolia3,378,0781,564,110 km²AsiaEastern Asia
Uruguay3,496,016181,034 km²AmericasSouth America
Eritrea3,662,244117,600 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Georgia3,968,73869,700 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Moldova4,013,17133,846 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Croatia4,059,28656,594 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Kuwait4,380,32617,818 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Panama4,446,96475,417 km²AmericasCentral America
New Zealand4,898,203270,467 km²OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
Mauritania4,901,9811,030,700 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Central African Republic5,016,678622,984 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Ireland5,020,19970,273 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Costa Rica5,182,35451,100 km²AmericasCentral America
Liberia5,305,117111,369 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Oman5,323,993309,500 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Palestine5,345,5416,220 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Slovakia5,460,19349,037 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Norway5,511,370323,802 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Finland5,554,960338,424 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Republic of the Congo5,797,805342,000 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Denmark5,834,95043,094 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Singapore5,943,546710 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Turkmenistan6,201,943488,100 km²AsiaCentral Asia
El Salvador6,550,38921,041 km²AmericasCentral America
Lebanon6,684,84910,452 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Kyrgyzstan6,728,271199,951 km²AsiaCentral Asia
Nicaragua6,779,100130,373 km²AmericasCentral America
Bulgaria6,844,597110,879 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Libya7,040,7451,759,540 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
Paraguay7,305,843406,752 km²AmericasSouth America
Laos7,481,023236,800 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Hong Kong7,604,2991,104 km²AsiaEastern Asia
Sierra Leone8,306,43671,740 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Serbia8,653,01688,361 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Togo8,680,83756,785 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Switzerland8,773,63741,284 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Israel8,922,89220,770 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Austria9,066,71083,871 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Papua New Guinea9,292,169462,840 km²OceaniaMelanesia
Belarus9,432,800207,600 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Hungary9,606,25993,028 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Tajikistan9,957,464143,100 km²AsiaCentral Asia
United Arab Emirates10,081,78583,600 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Portugal10,140,57092,090 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Sweden10,218,971450,295 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Honduras10,221,247112,492 km²AmericasCentral America
Azerbaijan10,300,20586,600 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Jordan10,300,86989,342 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Greece10,316,637131,990 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Czech Republic10,736,78478,865 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Dominican Republic11,056,37048,671 km²AmericasCaribbean
Cuba11,305,652109,884 km²AmericasCaribbean
South Sudan11,618,511619,745 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Belgium11,668,27830,528 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Haiti11,680,28327,750 km²AmericasCaribbean
Bolivia11,992,6561,098,581 km²AmericasSouth America
Tunisia12,046,656163,610 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
Burundi12,624,84027,834 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Benin12,784,726112,622 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Rwanda13,600,46426,338 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Guinea13,865,691245,857 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Zimbabwe15,331,428390,757 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Somalia16,841,795637,657 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Cambodia17,168,639181,035 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Netherlands17,211,44741,850 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Chad17,413,5801,284,000 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Senegal17,653,671196,722 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Ecuador18,113,361276,841 km²AmericasSouth America
Guatemala18,584,039108,889 km²AmericasCentral America
Romania19,031,335238,391 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Kazakhstan19,205,0432,724,900 km²AsiaCentral Asia
Chile19,250,195756,102 km²AmericasSouth America
Syria19,364,809185,180 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Zambia19,470,234752,612 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Malawi20,180,839118,484 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Mali21,473,7641,240,192 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Sri Lanka21,575,84265,610 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Burkina Faso22,102,838272,967 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Taiwan23,888,59536,193 km²AsiaEastern Asia
North Korea25,990,679120,538 km²AsiaEastern Asia
Australia26,068,7927,692,024 km²OceaniaAustralia and New Zealand
Niger26,083,6601,267,000 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Ivory Coast27,742,298322,463 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Cameroon27,911,548475,442 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Madagascar29,178,077587,041 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Venezuela29,266,991916,445 km²AmericasSouth America
Nepal30,225,582147,181 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Yemen31,154,867527,968 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Ghana32,395,450238,533 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Mozambique33,089,461801,590 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Malaysia33,181,072330,803 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Peru33,684,2081,285,216 km²AmericasSouth America
Uzbekistan34,382,084447,400 km²AsiaCentral Asia
Angola35,027,3431,246,700 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Saudi Arabia35,844,9092,149,690 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Poland37,739,785312,679 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Morocco37,772,756446,550 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
Canada38,388,4199,984,670 km²AmericasNorthern America
Afghanistan40,754,388652,230 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Iraq42,164,965438,317 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Ukraine43,192,122603,500 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Algeria45,350,1482,381,741 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
Sudan45,992,0201,886,068 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
Argentina46,010,2342,780,400 km²AmericasSouth America
Spain46,719,142505,992 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
Uganda48,432,863241,550 km²AfricaEastern Africa
South Korea51,329,899100,210 km²AsiaEastern Asia
Colombia51,512,7621,141,748 km²AmericasSouth America
Myanmar55,227,143676,578 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Kenya56,215,221580,367 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Italy60,262,770301,336 km²EuropeSouthern Europe
South Africa60,756,1351,221,037 km²AfricaSouthern Africa
Tanzania63,298,550945,087 km²AfricaEastern Africa
France65,584,518551,695 km²EuropeWestern Europe
United Kingdom68,497,907242,900 km²EuropeNorthern Europe
Thailand70,078,203513,120 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Germany83,883,596357,114 km²EuropeWestern Europe
Turkey85,561,976783,562 km²AsiaWestern Asia
Iran86,022,8371,648,195 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
DR Congo95,240,7922,344,858 km²AfricaMiddle Africa
Vietnam98,953,541331,212 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Egypt106,156,6921,002,450 km²AfricaNorthern Africa
Philippines112,508,994342,353 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
Ethiopia120,812,6981,104,300 km²AfricaEastern Africa
Japan125,584,838377,930 km²AsiaEastern Asia
Mexico131,562,7721,964,375 km²AmericasCentral America
Russia145,805,94717,098,242 km²EuropeEastern Europe
Bangladesh167,885,689147,570 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Brazil215,353,5938,515,767 km²AmericasSouth America
Nigeria216,746,934923,768 km²AfricaWestern Africa
Pakistan229,488,994881,912 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
Indonesia279,134,5051,904,569 km²AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
United States334,805,2699,372,610 km²AmericasNorthern America
India1,406,631,7763,287,590 km²AsiaSouthern Asia
China1,448,471,4009,706,961 km²AsiaEastern Asia

How Many Countries Are There 2022

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