Philippines, Costa Rica, and Brazil were the top three pineapple producers in the world, supplying the most significant percentage of the global pineapple output. The Philippines is the largest producer, generating more than 2.7 million tons of pineapple, followed closely by Costa Rica with over 2.6 tons.
Global Pineapple Production
Global pineapple production has risen by 400% since 1960. The introduction of the Gold variety patented by Fresh Del Monte in the 1990s led to a 50% further rise in pineapple production from 1998.
Almost 70% of pineapple in producing countries is consumed as fresh, though it can also be eaten alongside savory foods like chicken, beef, or ham. It grows best in tropical areas, which is why most pineapples come from countries with relatively similar climates.
Pineapple Production by Country
Top 10 Pineapple-Producing Countries (thousand metric tons per year)
- Philippines — 2,702.55
- Costa Rica — 2,624.122
- Brazil — 2,455.692
- Indonesia — 2,447.24
- China — 2,220.26
- India — 1,799
- Thailand — 1,5532.51
- Nigeria — 1,508.2
- Mexico — 1,208.25
- Colombia — 882.63
We look at descriptions of the pineapple industry in the top three of the largest pineapple producers.
Pineapple Production in Philippines
As the world's biggest pineapple producer, the Philippines produces around 2.7 million tons of pineapples. Pineapple plantation areas in the country are estimated to be over 40,000 hectares, whereby most production is controlled by big companies like Dole Philippines and Del Monte.
Pineapple production in the Philippines is concentrated in Mindanao and Luzon regions, and the widely grown cultivars are Cayenne, Red Spanish, and Formosa (Queen). Apart from domestic use, fresh pineapples are exported -- mainly to South Korea and Japan, while processed pineapple is exported to Japan, Canada, and the United States. Pineapple Production in Costa Rica
Costa Rica was once the leading pineapple-producing country until 2020. The total area of pineapple production in the country reaches over 80,000 hectares, employing close to 150,000 residents.
There are two main areas where pineapple production in Costa Rica is more concentrated, namely Huetas Norte with 49% of the total planted area and Atlantic Huetar with 29%. Varieties of cultivar pineapples are Red Spanish, Queen, Smooth Cayenne, MD2, and Abacaxi. Though pineapple is still an economical product in Costa Rica, export performance has declined due to climate anomalies and low international pineapple market price. Pineapple Production in Brazil
Brazil is the 3rd largest pineapple producer in the world, with its production reaching more than 2.4 tons. Around 76% of pineapple production in Brazil comes from the Southern and Northern regions, and the states of Minas and Paraiba Gerais are the top producing areas.
The most grown pineapple cultivars in Brazil are Perola, which takes up 80% of the total growing area, and Smooth Cayenne, grown in almost all the rest of the area. Contrary to the Philippines and Costa Rica, pineapple production in Brazil is allocated for domestic use. Only 1% of pineapple production in the country is exported.