One of the oldest and most practiced religions around the world is Judaism. People that practice Judaism and originate from the Hebrews and the Israelites are known as Jewish. Jewish people – also known as Jews – are ethnoreligious, meaning that not only do members have the same ethnicity but they also share the same religion.
Jewish people first originated in the Middle East and has since grown to more than 14 million people around the world. The enlarged Jewish population – which includes people with full or partial ancestry – tops 20 million, based on estimates taken in 2017.
While you can find Jews in nearly every country around the world, some nations have significant Jewish populations. Based on data from sources including the Jewish Virtual Library and the American Jewish Year Book, the nation with the largest population of Jews is Israel. In 2017, an estimated 6.45 million Jews lived in Israel.
The United States of America also has a large population of Jews. Estimates show that about 5.7 million Jewish people live in the United States. These are the only two nations with Jewish populations that exceed 1 million.
Other nations with significant Jewish populations include:
- United Kingdom
- South Africa
When taking into consideration the enlarged Jewish population – that is, including individuals with partial Jewish heritage – the order of these nations changes a bit. Based on estimates from 2017, the United States has the largest enlarged Jewish population with an estimated 10 million people. Israel comes in second with an enlarged Jewish population of 6.8 million. Again, these are the only two nations with populations that exceed 1 million.
On the other end of the spectrum, there are nations with very low populations of Jews. Those countries include: