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# of Islands

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Number of Islands by Country 2024

Country
# of Islands
Sweden267,570
Norway239,057
Finland178,947
Japan120,729
Canada52,455
Chile43,471
United States18,617
Indonesia17,508
Australia8,222
Philippines7,641

Depending on a country's geography, islands can be a hugely important part of their territory or a complete afterthought. A few, in particular, stand out for their exceptional numbers, both on the high or low end of the spectrum.

Sweden has the world's most islands, with a jaw-dropping total of 267,570. However, only 984 (0.4%) are inhabited. Fellow Scandinavian nation Norway takes second place with 239,057, though just four have people living on them. Finland comes in third, home to 178,947 islands. Japan, a nation made up solely of islands, has the fourth most in the world, with 120,729 islands, 430 of which have residents. There's a steep drop to Canada and Chile in fifth and sixth places (52,455 and 43,471, respectively), followed by another noteworthy drop to the United States with 18,617 islands. The top nations by island county are relatively evenly spread between Asia, Europe, and the Americas. The United States has the most inhabited islands (10,000), with Indonesia (6,000) and South Korea (2,876) in second and third.

Among nations with islands (excluding Nauru, a single-island nation), Dominica is lowest with three, followed by Barbados with four, and Tuvalu with nine. The former two countries have just one inhabited island, as does Azerbaijan (among 16 islands in total.) Among the bottom ten, none has more than 30 islands (North Macedonia), and none have more than nine inhabited ones (Tuvalu.) Many of the nations at the bottom of the list are islands themselves.

It's vital to acknowledge that some nations' counts may be estimates or incomplete. This is particularly true in areas of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, where many small islands may not have been accurately counted. In other cases, the precise definition of what's considered an island may vary from area to area and from count to count.

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Country
# of Islands
Inhabited Islands
Additional Details
Sweden267,570984
Slightly more than 8,000 islands had some form of buildings in 2013, most uninhabited. More than 1.6...
Norway239,0574
An older source gives 53,789 islands, which may be the figure for coastal islands only.
Finland178,947780
Japan120,729430
14,125 islands with a circumference of at least 0.1km.
Canada52,455
Chile43,4712,324
3,739 islands (above 9,000 m2 (97,000 sq ft)) and 2180 islets (above 3,000 m2 (32,000 sq ft))
United States18,61710,000
Indonesia17,5086,000
Largest archipelagic state. 5 major islands and about 30 smaller groups, about 6,000 are inhabited.
Australia8,222
Philippines7,6412,000
Thousands of islands are unnamed, and tiny.
China6,961433
500 m2 (5,400 sq ft) only. Excludes Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao.
United Kingdom6,346129
Includes all offshore islands marked on Ordnance Survey maps. England, Scotland & Wales: 6289; North...
Greece6,000227
Depending on inclusion criteria counts vary from 1,200 to 6,000. The number inhabited is variously c...
Cuba4,195
South Korea3,3582,876
Estonia2,35522
France1,900109
Thailand1,430
India1,38247
"Off-shore identified islands". The Andaman and Nicobar Islands comprise 572 islands, 37 of which ar...
Russia1,338
Croatia1,24648
Maldives1,192187
1,192 islands in total of 10 atolls; 187 islands are inhabited.
Italy808
Venezuela650350
Most of them are virgin lands[clarification needed]and Margarita Island as the largest island of Ven...
Micronesia60765
Four major island groups
New Zealand600
Approximate number within about 50 km (31 mi) of the two main islands; excludes associated states an...
Denmark40670
Hong Kong263
>500 m2 (5,400 sq ft) only. "Many" or "most" are inhabited.
Algeria240
32 islands and 208 islets; coastal islands/islets only.
Peru2338
Approximate there are 94.36 km (58.63 mi) in maritime islands and islets, and 39.04 km (24.26 mi) in...
Palau2008
Eight permanently inhabited
Tonga16936
The total surface area of the archipelago is about 750 km2 (290 sq mi), scattered over 700,000 km2 (...
Singapore64
Some of them include Sentosa, Pulau Ubin, St John's Island and Sisters' Islands.
Sri Lanka613
Most of the islands are situated in the north and eastern parts of the from the main land. The most ...
Spain6021
Antigua and Barbuda542
Three main islands (Antigua, Barbuda and Redonda) and 51 offshore islands
Senegal35
Marshall Islands3424
29 atolls and 5 isolated islands.
Kiribati3321
32 atolls and 1 limestone island; 21 islands are inhabited.
Iceland314
1 large and "about 30 smaller islands, and thousands of rocks and skerries."
North Macedonia30
13 larger than 0.01 km2 (110,000 sq ft), 6 on lakes, the rest on rivers.
Bangladesh23
Malta213
3 inhabited (Malta, Gozo and Comino), 3 islets and 12 "large rocks"
Azerbaijan161
Cape Verde159
10 islands and 5 islets
Pakistan127
Pakistan's largest island, Astola
Samoa124
Tuvalu99
Six atolls and 3 reef islands.
Barbados41
There are currently two islands and two banks in Barbados. An additional historical island (Pelican ...
Dominica31
The island nation of Dominica with a total area of 750 km2 (290 sq mi) includes two small, off-shore...
Nauru11
showing: 51 rows

Which country has most number of islands?

Sweden has the most islands, with an estimated 267,570 islands.

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