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Suicide Legal Countries 2024

  • The practice of intentionally ending a life to bring an end to a living being's pain and/or suffering is traditionally referred to as euthanasia.
  • Euthanasia is trending toward increased legality worldwide.
  • Euthanasia may be classified in multiple ways, some of which overlap, which often determine the legality of the act. Passive euthanasia (either voluntary or non-voluntary) is much more likely to be legal than active voluntary euthanasia, and both are more likely to be legal than active involuntary euthanasia.
  • Active: Death is not imminent and additional steps (such as the injection of life-ending drugs) must be taken to induce it.
  • Passive: Death is imminent and may be achieved by simply withholding life-sustaining treatment such as medication or a respirator.
  • Voluntary: The individual gives consent.
  • Non-voluntary: The individual is incapacitated (such as in a vegetative state) or otherwise unable to give consent.
  • Involuntary: The individual does not wish to end their life. Involuntary euthanasia is considered murder in most cases.
  • Euthanasia laws in the United States vary by state. Euthanasia is currently legal in some form in 10 jurisdictions in the US: Washington, D.C. and the states of California, Colorado, Oregon, Vermont, New Mexico, Maine, New Jersey, Hawaii, and Washington.

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Country
Active
Passive
Legislation Date
Additional Details
ColombiaLegalLegal12-15-2014
Ruling of the Constitutional Court of Colombia
SpainLegalLegal06-25-2021
Passed by the Cortes Generales
CanadaLegalLegal06-17-2016
Passed by the Parliament of Canada
AustraliaLegalLegal
EcuadorLegalLegal02-05-2024
Ruling of the Constitutional Court of Ecuador
NetherlandsLegalLegal04-01-2002
Passed by the States General
BelgiumLegalLegal05-28-2002
Passed by the Belgian Federal Parliament
PortugalLegalLegal05-25-2023
Passed by the Assembly of the Republic, promulgated by the President and published on the official g...
New ZealandLegalLegal11-06-2021
Passed by the Parliament of New Zealand and adopted in a referendum
LuxembourgLegalLegal03-19-2009
Passed by the Chamber of Deputies
IndiaIllegalLegal
United StatesIllegalLegal
NigeriaIllegalLegal
BrazilIllegalLegal
RussiaIllegalIllegal
EthiopiaIllegalLegal
MexicoIllegalLegal
TurkeyIllegalLegal
GermanyIllegalLegal
ThailandIllegalLegal
United KingdomIllegalLegal
FranceIllegalLegal
South AfricaIllegalLegal
ItalyIllegalLegal
KenyaIllegalIllegal
South KoreaIllegalLegal
ArgentinaIllegalLegal
PolandIllegalLegal
UkraineIllegalLegal
VenezuelaIllegalLegal
TaiwanIllegalLegal
ZambiaIllegalLegal
KazakhstanIllegalLegal
ChileIllegalLegal
RomaniaIllegalLegal
BoliviaIllegalLegal
Dominican RepublicIllegalLegal
SwedenIllegalLegal
Czech RepublicIllegalLegal
AzerbaijanIllegalLegal
GreeceIllegalLegal
HungaryIllegalLegal
United Arab EmiratesIllegalLegal
BelarusIllegalIllegal
IsraelIllegalLegal
AustriaIllegalLegal
SwitzerlandIllegalLegal
Hong KongIllegalLegal
NicaraguaIllegalLegal
SerbiaIllegalLegal
BulgariaIllegalLegal
El SalvadorIllegalLegal
SingaporeIllegalLegal
DenmarkIllegalLegal
SlovakiaIllegalLegal
FinlandIllegalLegal
NorwayIllegalLegal
Costa RicaIllegalLegal
IrelandIllegalLegal
PanamaIllegalLegal
CroatiaIllegalLegal
GeorgiaIllegalLegal
UruguayIllegalLegal
MoldovaIllegalLegal
Puerto RicoIllegalLegal
Bosnia and HerzegovinaIllegalLegal
AlbaniaIllegalLegal
ArmeniaIllegalLegal
LithuaniaIllegalLegal
NamibiaIllegalLegal
SloveniaIllegalLegal
North MacedoniaIllegalLegal
LatviaIllegalLegal
Trinidad and TobagoIllegalLegal
EstoniaIllegalLegal
CyprusIllegalLegal
GuyanaIllegalLegal
MontenegroIllegalLegal
MaltaIllegalLegal
BelizeIllegalIllegal
IcelandIllegalLegal
AndorraIllegalLegal
GreenlandIllegalLegal
Faroe IslandsIllegalLegal
MonacoIllegalLegal
GibraltarIllegalLegal
showing: 86 rows

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