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What Is the Smallest Country in Europe?

The smallest country in Europe is Vatican City, a microstate contained entirely inside the city of Rome, Italy. The Vatican (and its politically intertwined alter ego, the Holy See) is the seat of the Catholic Church. As such, Vatican City is a popular tourist destination for Catholics and non-Catholics alike. The entirety of the Vatican itself is just over 100 acres.

Top 10 Smallest Countries in Europe by Population:

Country
Population
Vatican City526
Gibraltar32,718
San Marino33,614
Monaco36,157
Liechtenstein39,822
Faroe Islands53,444
Guernsey63,788
Andorra80,341
Isle of Man84,904
Jersey112,843

Top 10 Smallest Countries in Europe by Total Area (km²/mi²):

What is the smallest country outside of the Vatican?

Other than the Vatican, the smallest country in Europe is Monaco, a Western European microstate located on the French Riviera, just a few kilometers from the border between France and Italy. A Mediterranean country, Monaco is bordered by France to the northeast, northwest, and southwest, but is far from landlocked because its entire southeastern border runs along the Mediterranean Sea. Monaco is known for its incredible wealth, and it is the home of one of the most popular Formula 1 races during the year.

What is the largest country in Europe?

The largest country in Europe is Russia, which is not only the largest country in Europe, but also the largest country in Asia and the largest country in the world. The largest country located entirely in Europe is Ukraine. Like Russia, Ukraine is a former USSR country, but is now considered more culturally European than Russian. Ukraine is more than 603,000 km² (233,000 mi²) in area and is bordered by other very large countries, including Russia and Poland. The size of many European countries has changed during the past few hundred years as territory has changed hands, mostly due to wars.

Is the United Kingdom part of Europe?

The United Kingdom is a union of the countries England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, and is part of Europe even though the UK does not share a land border with any other European countries. Although the United Kingdom officially exited the European Union in 2020, it still maintains very strong relations with the other countries of Europe and has a variety of strong military alliances with European countries, many of which are part of NATO, a military alliance led by the United States.

Download Table Data

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Country
Area (km²)
Area (mi²)
Population
Vatican City< 1< 1526
Monaco2236,157
Gibraltar7732,718
San Marino616133,614
Guernsey787863,788
Jersey116116112,843
Liechtenstein16016039,822
Malta316316536,740
Andorra46846880,341
Isle of Man57257284,904
Faroe Islands1.4K1.4K53,444
Luxembourg2.6K2.6K661,594
Cyprus9.3K9.3K1,268,467
Montenegro13.8K13.8K626,102
Slovenia20.3K20.3K2,118,965
North Macedonia25.7K25.7K2,082,706
Albania28.7K28.7K2,826,020
Belgium30.5K30.5K11,715,774
Moldova33.8K33.8K3,329,865
Switzerland41.3K41.3K8,851,431
Netherlands41.9K41.9K17,671,125
Denmark43.1K43.1K5,939,695
Estonia45.2K45.2K1,319,041
Slovakia49K49K5,702,832
Bosnia and Herzegovina51.2K51.2K3,194,378
Croatia56.6K56.6K3,986,627
Latvia64.6K64.6K1,810,240
Lithuania65.3K65.3K2,692,798
Ireland70.3K70.3K5,089,478
Czech Republic78.9K78.9K10,503,734
Austria83.9K83.9K8,977,139
Serbia88.4K88.4K7,097,028
Portugal92.1K92.1K10,223,349
Hungary93K93K9,994,993
Iceland103K103K377,689
Bulgaria110.9K110.9K6,618,615
Greece132K132K10,302,720
Belarus207.6K207.6K9,455,037
Romania238.4K238.4K19,618,996
United Kingdom242.9K242.9K67,961,439
Italy301.3K301.3K58,697,744
Poland312.7K312.7K40,221,726
Norway323.8K323.8K5,514,477
Finland338.4K338.4K5,549,886
Germany357.1K357.1K83,252,474
Sweden450.3K450.3K10,673,669
Spain506K506K47,473,373
France551.7K551.7K64,881,830
Ukraine603.5K603.5K37,937,821
Russia17.1M17.1M143,957,079
showing: 50 rows

What are the smaller EU countries?

The smallest countries in the EU by area are Malta, Luxembourg, Cyprus, and Slovenia. Smaller countries in Europe exist, but they are not parts of the EU.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources