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What Is the Smallest Country in Europe?

The smallest country in Europe is Vatican City, a microstate contained entirely inside the city of Rome, Italy. The Vatican (and its politically intertwined alter ego, the Holy See) is the seat of the Catholic Church. As such, Vatican City is a popular tourist destination for Catholics and non-Catholics alike. The entirety of the Vatican itself is just over 100 acres.

Top 10 Smallest Countries in Europe by Population:

Country
Population
Vatican City526
Gibraltar32,718
San Marino33,614
Monaco36,157
Liechtenstein39,822
Faroe Islands53,444
Guernsey63,788
Andorra80,341
Isle of Man84,904
Jersey112,843

Top 10 Smallest Countries in Europe by Total Area (km²/mi²):

What is the smallest country outside of the Vatican?

Other than the Vatican, the smallest country in Europe is Monaco, a Western European microstate located on the French Riviera, just a few kilometers from the border between France and Italy. A Mediterranean country, Monaco is bordered by France to the northeast, northwest, and southwest, but is far from landlocked because its entire southeastern border runs along the Mediterranean Sea. Monaco is known for its incredible wealth, and it is the home of one of the most popular Formula 1 races during the year.

What is the largest country in Europe?

The largest country in Europe is Russia, which is not only the largest country in Europe, but also the largest country in Asia and the largest country in the world. The largest country located entirely in Europe is Ukraine. Like Russia, Ukraine is a former USSR country, but is now considered more culturally European than Russian. Ukraine is more than 603,000 km² (233,000 mi²) in area and is bordered by other very large countries, including Russia and Poland. The size of many European countries has changed during the past few hundred years as territory has changed hands, mostly due to wars.

Is the United Kingdom part of Europe?

The United Kingdom is a union of the countries England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, and is part of Europe even though the UK does not share a land border with any other European countries. Although the United Kingdom officially exited the European Union in 2020, it still maintains very strong relations with the other countries of Europe and has a variety of strong military alliances with European countries, many of which are part of NATO, a military alliance led by the United States.

Download Table Data

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Country
Area (km²)
Area (mi²)
Population
Vatican City00526
Monaco1136,157
Gibraltar3332,718
San Marino242433,614
Guernsey303063,788
Jersey4545112,843
Liechtenstein626239,822
Malta122122536,740
Andorra18118180,341
Isle of Man22122184,904
Faroe Islands53853853,444
Luxembourg1K1K661,594
Cyprus3.6K3.6K1,268,467
Montenegro5.3K5.3K626,102
Slovenia7.8K7.8K2,118,965
North Macedonia9.9K9.9K2,082,706
Albania11.1K11.1K2,826,020
Belgium11.8K11.8K11,715,774
Moldova13.1K13.1K3,329,865
Switzerland15.9K15.9K8,851,431
Netherlands16.2K16.2K17,671,125
Denmark16.6K16.6K5,939,695
Estonia17.5K17.5K1,319,041
Slovakia18.9K18.9K5,702,832
Bosnia and Herzegovina19.8K19.8K3,194,378
Croatia21.8K21.8K3,986,627
Latvia24.9K24.9K1,810,240
Lithuania25.2K25.2K2,692,798
Ireland27.1K27.1K5,089,478
Czech Republic30.4K30.4K10,503,734
Austria32.4K32.4K8,977,139
Serbia34.1K34.1K7,097,028
Portugal35.5K35.5K10,223,349
Hungary35.9K35.9K9,994,993
Iceland39.8K39.8K377,689
Bulgaria42.8K42.8K6,618,615
Greece50.9K50.9K10,302,720
Belarus80.1K80.1K9,455,037
Romania92K92K19,618,996
United Kingdom93.8K93.8K67,961,439
Italy116.3K116.3K58,697,744
Poland120.7K120.7K40,221,726
Norway125K125K5,514,477
Finland130.6K130.6K5,549,886
Germany137.8K137.8K83,252,474
Sweden173.8K173.8K10,673,669
Spain195.3K195.3K47,473,373
France213K213K64,881,830
Ukraine233K233K37,937,821
Russia6.6M6.6M143,957,079
showing: 50 rows

What are the smaller EU countries?

The smallest countries in the EU by area are Malta, Luxembourg, Cyprus, and Slovenia. Smaller countries in Europe exist, but they are not parts of the EU.

Frequently Asked Questions

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