Murder Rate by Country 2021

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The most common type of violent crime is murder. Whether murder is self-inflicted, homicidal, or accidental, murder rates around the world vary significantly by country.

Several factors contribute to lower murder rates and overall crime rates. These include the wealth of a nation, effective law enforcement, strict weapons regulations, severity of punishments for committing murder, and more.

According to the United Nations Global Study on Homicide 2019, some drivers of homicide are organized crime, gender stereotypes, inequality, unemployment, political instability, firearms, and drugs. By identifying these, countries can adopt policies that will indirectly help reduce their homicide rates.

According to the UN's Global Study on Homicide, 464,000 people died from violent crimes in 2017, more than armed combat and terrorism combined. The report states that countries with high firearm rates tend to have higher intentional homicide rates. According to the report, "since the start of the twenty-first century, organized crime has resulted in roughly the same number of killings as all armed conflicts across the world combined. It is estimated that an average of roughly 65,000 killings every year were related to organized crime and gangs over the period 2000–2017, and that up to 19 per cent of all homicides recorded globally in 2017 were related to organized crime and gangs."

There are several countries, however, that have exceptionally low homicide rates. The ten countries with the lowest murder rates are:

  1. Japan (0.2)
  2. Singapore (0.2)
  3. China, Hong Kong (0.3)
  4. Luxembourg (0.3)
  5. Indonesia (0.4)
  6. Norway (0.5)
  7. Oman (0.5)
  8. Switzerland (0.5)
  9. United Arab Emirates (0.5)
  10. China (0.6)

A majority of the countries with the lowest homicide rates are located in Asia. Japan, which has the lowest murder rate in the world of 0.2 per 100,000, has stringent weapons regulations. Obtaining a firearm involves a very lengthy application process, and murder is punishable by hanging.

The countries with the highest murder rates per 100,000 people are El Salvador (82.84), Honduras (56.52), and Venezuela (56.33). The prevalence of gangs in El Salvador and Honduras contributes to their high murder rates, among other factors. Corruption of Venezuelan authorities, poor gun control, and a flawed justice system has led to the country's high murder rates, despite a private gun ownership ban in 2012.

Below is a list of each country's homicide rate (number of murders per 100,000 people).

Here are the 10 countries with the highest homicide rates:

  1. El Salvador (82.84 per 100k people)
  2. Honduras (56.52 per 100k people)
  3. Venezuela (56.33 per 100k people)
  4. United States Virgin Islands (49.26 per 100k people)
  5. Jamaica (47.01 per 100k people)
  6. Lesotho (41.25 per 100k people)
  7. Belize (37.60 per 100k people)
  8. Saint Vincent And The Grenadines (36.46 per 100k people)
  9. Saint Kitts And Nevis (34.23 per 100k people)
  10. South Africa (33.97 per 100k people)

Murder Rate by Country 2021

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Murder Rate by Country 2021

Country Homicide Rate per 100k Population 2021
El Salvador82.846,518,499
Honduras56.5210,062,991
Venezuela56.3328,704,954
United States Virgin Islands49.26104,226
Jamaica47.012,973,463
Lesotho41.252,159,079
Belize37.60404,914
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines36.46111,263
Saint Kitts And Nevis34.2353,544
South Africa33.9760,041,994
Trinidad And Tobago30.881,403,375
Brazil29.53213,993,437
Bahamas28.40396,913
Guatemala27.2618,249,860
Colombia25.5051,265,844
Central African Republic19.764,919,981
Saint Lucia19.27184,400
Mexico19.26130,262,216
Curacao19.19164,798
Tuvalu18.6511,931
Puerto Rico18.512,828,255
Guyana18.37790,326
Swaziland17.291,172,362
Namibia17.142,587,344
Dominican Republic15.1810,953,703
Botswana15.042,397,241
South Sudan13.9011,381,378
Dr Congo13.5592,377,993
Bermuda12.9662,090
Seychelles12.7498,908
Costa Rica11.905,139,052
Ivory Coast11.6327,053,629
Uganda11.5247,123,531
Cape Verde11.49561,898
Philippines11.02111,046,913
Barbados10.91287,711
Mali10.9020,855,735
Russia10.82145,912,025
Antigua And Barbuda10.3398,731
Grenada10.25113,021
Haiti10.0411,541,685
Mauritania9.944,775,119
Iraq9.8541,179,350
Nigeria9.85211,400,708
Panama9.674,381,579
Guinea Bissau9.552,015,494
Republic Of The Congo9.325,657,013
Paraguay9.297,219,638
Gambia9.132,486,945
Chad9.0416,914,985
Togo9.008,478,250
Guinea8.8213,497,244
Cayman Islands8.4566,497
British Virgin Islands8.3730,421
Dominica8.3772,167
Suriname8.35591,800
Eritrea8.043,601,467
Gabon8.042,278,825
Papua New Guinea7.859,119,010
Comoros7.70888,451
Uruguay7.693,485,151
Madagascar7.6928,427,328
Peru7.6733,359,418
Ethiopia7.56117,876,227
Kiribati7.50121,392
Senegal7.3817,196,301
Nicaragua7.376,702,385
Laos7.017,379,358
Tanzania6.9561,498,437
Zimbabwe6.6715,092,171
Yemen6.6630,490,640
Djibouti6.481,002,187
Afghanistan6.3539,835,428
Ukraine6.3443,466,819
Bolivia6.3011,832,940
Benin6.1812,451,040
Burundi6.0212,255,433
Argentina5.9445,605,826
Turks And Caicos Islands5.9339,231
Ecuador5.8517,888,475
Mongolia5.663,329,289
American Samoa5.4055,100
United States5.35332,915,073
Greenland5.3156,877
Zambia5.3018,920,651
Lithuania5.252,689,862
Sudan5.1644,909,353
Cuba4.9911,317,505
Kenya4.8754,985,698
Angola4.8533,933,610
Kazakhstan4.8118,994,962
Micronesia4.67116,254
Kyrgyzstan4.496,628,356
Montenegro4.46628,053
Niger4.4425,130,817
Pakistan4.41225,199,937
North Korea4.4025,887,041
Turkey4.3185,042,738
Somalia4.3116,359,504
Turkmenistan4.226,117,924
Cameroon4.1727,224,265
Lebanon3.996,769,146
Timor Leste3.951,343,873
Solomon Islands3.77703,996
Belarus3.589,442,862
Chile3.4619,212,361
Mozambique3.4032,163,047
Latvia3.361,866,942
Sao Tome And Principe3.36223,368
Thailand3.2469,950,850
New Caledonia3.23288,218
Liberia3.235,180,203
India3.221,393,409,038
Moldova3.194,024,019
Estonia3.191,325,185
Samoa3.15200,149
Palau3.1118,169
Tunisia3.0511,935,766
Gibraltar3.0133,698
Uzbekistan3.0033,935,763
Armenia2.982,968,127
Albania2.702,872,933
Sri Lanka2.5521,497,310
Rwanda2.5213,276,513
Egypt2.51104,258,327
Guam2.51170,179
Libya2.506,958,532
Bangladesh2.50166,303,498
Iran2.4785,028,759
Equatorial Guinea2.311,449,896
Myanmar2.2754,806,012
Fiji2.26902,906
Syria2.2018,275,702
Nepal2.1629,674,920
Azerbaijan2.1410,223,342
Vanuatu2.13314,464
Malaysia2.1132,776,194
Hungary2.079,634,164
Belgium1.9511,632,326
Aruba1.93107,204
Cambodia1.8416,946,438
Mauritius1.821,273,433
Kuwait1.804,328,550
Malawi1.7319,647,684
Sierra Leone1.718,141,343
Canada1.6838,067,903
Ghana1.6831,732,129
Tajikistan1.619,749,627
Jordan1.5510,269,021
Vietnam1.5298,168,833
Saudi Arabia1.5035,340,683
Finland1.425,548,360
Serbia1.398,697,550
Israel1.368,789,774
Algeria1.3644,616,624
France1.3565,426,179
Bosnia And Herzegovina1.283,263,466
Romania1.2519,127,774
Morocco1.2437,344,795
United Kingdom1.2068,207,116
Germany1.1883,900,473
Bulgaria1.146,896,663
Bhutan1.13779,898
Cyprus1.111,215,584
Sweden1.0810,160,169
Croatia1.044,081,651
Georgia0.993,979,765
New Zealand0.994,860,643
Denmark0.985,813,298
Tonga0.95106,760
Australia0.9425,788,215
Malta0.94442,784
United Arab Emirates0.899,991,089
Ireland0.804,982,907
Maldives0.75543,617
Greece0.7510,370,744
Luxembourg0.72634,814
South Korea0.7051,305,186
Italy0.6760,367,477
Poland0.6737,797,005
Oman0.665,223,375
Austria0.669,043,070
Portugal0.6410,167,925
Spain0.6346,745,216
China0.621,444,216,107
Czech Republic0.6110,724,555
Netherlands0.5517,173,099
Switzerland0.548,715,494
Bahrain0.521,748,296
Norway0.515,465,630
Indonesia0.50276,361,783
Brunei0.49441,532
Slovenia0.482,078,724
Hong Kong0.387,552,810
Qatar0.382,930,528
French Polynesia0.38282,530
Burkina Faso0.3721,497,096
Singapore0.325,896,686
Iceland0.30343,353
Japan0.28126,050,804
Macau0.16658,394
Nauru0.0010,876
San Marino0.0034,017
Liechtenstein0.0038,250
Saint Martin0.0039,234
Monaco0.0039,511
Sint Maarten0.0043,412
Faroe Islands0.0049,049
Andorra0.0077,355
Isle Of Man0.0085,410

Murder Rate by Country 2021