Number Of Jews In The World 2021

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One of the world’s oldest monotheistic religions, Judaism was the catalyst for many of modern society’s predominant philosophies. What first originated over 3,500 years ago in Southwest Asia (Middle East) has since spread to nearly every corner of the globe. However, for what a profound impact Judaism has had on our history, there are surprisingly few Jewish people in the world today.

The global population of Jews is somewhat subjective depending on who’s asked. As of 2020, the world Jewry is about 14.7 million worldwide. However, this figure is much smaller according to Orthodox Jewish principles, which deem a person Jewish only if their mother was such or if they have undergone the proper conversion. The figure could also be measured much higher if one took into consideration those of Jewish ethnicity that don’t necessarily practice the religion.

Although the world Jewry has increased by more than 1.5 million since the year 2000, it is not the highest it’s ever been. In 1939, the world’s Jewish population peaked at over 16.7 million, but the atrocities of the Holocaust during World War II reduced the Jewry to less than 11 million. The population has been steadily recovering since.

Of the five major world religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam), Judaism is by far the rarest, accounting for just 0.18% of the world’s population. Although Judaism is the oldest of the Abrahamic religions by 1,800 years, Christianity and Islam account for 31.1% and 24.9% of the total world population respectively. In other words, there are 173 Christans and 138 Muslims for every Jew.

Organized world religions with a population higher than Judaism, represented in millions:

  • Christianity (2,382)
  • Islam (1,907)
  • Hinduism (1,161)
  • Buddhism (506)
  • Sikhism (26)
  • Spiritism (15)
  • Judaism (14.7)

With over 6.8 million Jewish citizens, Israel is the country in the world with the most Jews. 74.2% of Israel’s population is Jewish. The historic homeland of the Jews, Israel is home to the holy city of Jerusalem, the theorized center of the world where God resides.

The United States is second in terms of Jewish population, with around 5.7 million Jews. New York City has more Jews than any other city in the world. The New York Metropolitan area is home to 1,728,000 Jews, roughly 10% of its total population. The borough of Brooklyn alone has nearly 800,000 Jews which accounts for more than ⅓ of its population.

Countries with the most Jews:

Israel (6,829,000) United States (5,700,000) France (450,000) Canada (392,000) United Kingdom (292,000) Argentina (180,000) Russia (165,000) Germany (118,000) Australia (116,000)

While these figures are relatively comprehensive, over-utilization of “Jew” as a blanket term can be reductive to the diversity of culture and ethnicity represented under the Jewish diaspora. The Jewish diaspora is the historic dispersion of Jews throughout the world due to exile and persecution, originally from their homeland in Israel. Upon their exile, Jews spread out across Afro-Eurasia, settling in an array of different areas and developing new cultures. Although the original exile from Israel is where many shared Jewish traditions are derived from, the Jews have undergone countless instances of bigotry and persecution since.

The largest population of Jews is the Ashkenazi sub-group. Ashkenazi Jews are the descendents of the Jews who traveled north and settled in France, Germany, and Eastern Europe at the time of their exile. These people are often classified as being of European descent. Most of the Jews in the United States are Ashkenazi, and there are many people of Ashkenazi descent who do not identify as Jewish, but for their ancestry.

Sephardic Jews are the descendents of those who settled in Iberia (Spain and Portugal). During the 15th century, the Sephardic Jews were expelled from their new homeland and took up settlement in North Africa, as well as in Southern Europe and Western Asia on the periphery of the Mediterranean Sea.

The other large population of Jews is the Mizrahi community. The Mizrahi are the descendents of Jews who settled not far from Israel in Southwest Asia and parts of Northern Africa. Mizrahi Jews make up the largest percentage of the Israeli Jewish population, accounting for some 3.2 million of the 6.8 million Israeli Jews.

Number of Jews by sub-group, including many who are ethnically Jewish or of primarily Jewish descent.

  • Ashkenazi (10,000,000)
  • Mizrahi (4,600,000)
  • Sephardic (2,300,000)
  • Other (900,000)

Number Of Jews In The World 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population
China1,444,216,107
India1,393,409,038
United States332,915,073
Indonesia276,361,783
Pakistan225,199,937
Brazil213,993,437
Nigeria211,400,708
Bangladesh166,303,498
Russia145,912,025
Mexico130,262,216
Japan126,050,804
Ethiopia117,876,227
Philippines111,046,913
Egypt104,258,327
Vietnam98,168,833
Dr Congo92,377,993
Turkey85,042,738
Iran85,028,759
Germany83,900,473
Thailand69,950,850
United Kingdom68,207,116
France65,426,179
Tanzania61,498,437
Italy60,367,477
South Africa60,041,994
Kenya54,985,698
Myanmar54,806,012
South Korea51,305,186
Colombia51,265,844
Uganda47,123,531
Spain46,745,216
Argentina45,605,826
Sudan44,909,353
Algeria44,616,624
Ukraine43,466,819
Iraq41,179,350
Afghanistan39,835,428
Canada38,067,903
Poland37,797,005
Morocco37,344,795
Saudi Arabia35,340,683
Uzbekistan33,935,763
Angola33,933,610
Peru33,359,418
Malaysia32,776,194
Mozambique32,163,047
Ghana31,732,129
Yemen30,490,640
Nepal29,674,920
Venezuela28,704,954
Madagascar28,427,328
Cameroon27,224,265
Ivory Coast27,053,629
North Korea25,887,041
Australia25,788,215
Niger25,130,817
Taiwan23,855,010
Sri Lanka21,497,310
Burkina Faso21,497,096
Mali20,855,735
Malawi19,647,684
Chile19,212,361
Romania19,127,774
Kazakhstan18,994,962
Zambia18,920,651
Syria18,275,702
Guatemala18,249,860
Ecuador17,888,475
Senegal17,196,301
Netherlands17,173,099
Cambodia16,946,438
Chad16,914,985
Somalia16,359,504
Zimbabwe15,092,171
Guinea13,497,244
Rwanda13,276,513
Benin12,451,040
Burundi12,255,433
Tunisia11,935,766
Bolivia11,832,940
Belgium11,632,326
Haiti11,541,685
South Sudan11,381,378
Cuba11,317,505
Dominican Republic10,953,703
Czech Republic10,724,555
Greece10,370,744
Jordan10,269,021
Azerbaijan10,223,342
Portugal10,167,925
Sweden10,160,169
Honduras10,062,991
United Arab Emirates9,991,089
Tajikistan9,749,627
Hungary9,634,164
Belarus9,442,862
Papua New Guinea9,119,010
Austria9,043,070
Israel8,789,774
Switzerland8,715,494
Serbia8,697,550
Togo8,478,250
Sierra Leone8,141,343
Hong Kong7,552,810
Laos7,379,358
Paraguay7,219,638
Libya6,958,532
Bulgaria6,896,663
Lebanon6,769,146
Nicaragua6,702,385
Kyrgyzstan6,628,356
El Salvador6,518,499
Turkmenistan6,117,924
Singapore5,896,686
Denmark5,813,298
Republic Of The Congo5,657,013
Finland5,548,360
Norway5,465,630
Slovakia5,460,721
Oman5,223,375
Palestine5,222,748
Liberia5,180,203
Costa Rica5,139,052
Ireland4,982,907
Central African Republic4,919,981
New Zealand4,860,643
Mauritania4,775,119
Panama4,381,579
Kuwait4,328,550
Croatia4,081,651
Moldova4,024,019
Georgia3,979,765
Eritrea3,601,467
Uruguay3,485,151
Mongolia3,329,289
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,263,466
Jamaica2,973,463
Armenia2,968,127
Qatar2,930,528
Albania2,872,933
Puerto Rico2,828,255
Lithuania2,689,862
Namibia2,587,344
Gambia2,486,945
Botswana2,397,241
Gabon2,278,825
Lesotho2,159,079
North Macedonia2,082,658
Slovenia2,078,724
Guinea Bissau2,015,494
Latvia1,866,942
Bahrain1,748,296
Equatorial Guinea1,449,896
Trinidad And Tobago1,403,375
Timor Leste1,343,873
Estonia1,325,185
Mauritius1,273,433
Cyprus1,215,584
Eswatini1,172,362
Djibouti1,002,187
Fiji902,906
Reunion901,686
Comoros888,451
Guyana790,326
Bhutan779,898
Solomon Islands703,996
Macau658,394
Luxembourg634,814
Montenegro628,053
Western Sahara611,875
Suriname591,800
Cape Verde561,898
Maldives543,617
Malta442,784
Brunei441,532
Belize404,914
Guadeloupe400,020
Bahamas396,913
Martinique374,745
Iceland343,353
Vanuatu314,464
French Guiana306,448
New Caledonia288,218
Barbados287,711
French Polynesia282,530
Mayotte279,515
Sao Tome And Principe223,368
Samoa200,149
Saint Lucia184,400
Guam170,179
Curacao164,798
Kiribati121,392
Micronesia116,254
Grenada113,021
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines111,263
Aruba107,204
Tonga106,760
United States Virgin Islands104,226
Seychelles98,908
Antigua And Barbuda98,731
Isle Of Man85,410
Andorra77,355
Dominica72,167
Cayman Islands66,497
Bermuda62,090
Marshall Islands59,610
Northern Mariana Islands57,917
Greenland56,877
American Samoa55,100
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,544
Faroe Islands49,049
Sint Maarten43,412
Monaco39,511
Saint Martin39,234
Turks And Caicos Islands39,231
Liechtenstein38,250
San Marino34,017
Gibraltar33,698
British Virgin Islands30,421
Palau18,169
Cook Islands17,565
Anguilla15,117
Tuvalu11,931
Wallis And Futuna11,094
Nauru10,876
Saint Barthelemy9,907
Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,766
Montserrat4,977
Falkland Islands3,533
Niue1,619
Tokelau1,373
Vatican City800

Number Of Jews In The World 2021