Africa Population 2024

1,494,988,668

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Year
Population
Density (/km²)
Growth Rate
20241,494,988,668492.36%
20231,460,476,458482.39%
20201,360,671,813452.53%
20151,201,102,442402.62%
20101,055,228,072352.61%
2005927,892,563312.53%
2000818,946,032272.49%
1995724,325,328242.57%
1990638,150,630212.81%
1985555,645,980182.9%
1980481,536,379162.89%
1975417,550,506142.7%
1970365,444,348122.6%
1965321,441,519112.49%
1960284,282,49192.29%
1955253,842,41782.21%
1950227,544,03780%

Africa is the second-largest and second most populous continent on earth with an estimated population in 2016 of 1.2 billion people. Africa is home to 54 recognized sovereign states and countries, 9 territories and 2 de facto independent states with very little recognition. The UN Population Fund stated in 2009 that the population of Africa had hit the one billion mark and had therefore doubled in size over the course of 27 years.

The Population Fund’s Director Thoraya Obeid spoke to the BBC at the time and underlined the reasons behind the growing population.

"African countries are all growing fast ... because there is a large number of women who have no access to planning their families," she said. "It's an African phenomenon of a large growing population and a large percentage of young people in the population."

Africa Population Growth and Life Expectancy

54 countries make up the continent of Africa, and while population growth is relatively low in some areas, countries such as Nigeria and Uganda are increasing at an advanced rate. In most countries in the continent, the population growth is in excess of 2% every year.

In addition, there is a high proportion of younger people within the Africa population as a whole, with reports that 41% of the African population is under the age of 15. The life expectancy is also low – less than 50 in many nations and averaging 52 across the continent as a whole. This has reduced considerably over the course of the last twenty years with a widespread HIV and AIDS epidemic taking much of the blame for that statistic.

Infant mortality is also extremely high, and in Mali, it is reported that there are 102 deaths per 1,000 live births. All of these statistics could potentially lead to a fall in population numbers. but in Africa, the issue over family planning leads to the reverse effect.

Africa Demographics

The African nations as a whole are made up from such a diverse set of components that it is impossible to list them in full concerning demographics. However, in certain parts of the continent, there has been an increase in Asian and European settlers, which has also served to boost the population statistics as a whole.

In former British colonies, this can be seen extensively, and Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and South Africa are all good examples as to a growing set of diverse ethnicities.

The population in Africa has grown rapidly over the last 40 years and it has a relatively young population, with more than half of the population under 25 in some states.

Most Populous Countries in Africa

Least Populous Countries in Africa

  • Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) (non-sovereign): 4,124
  • Seychelles: 93,754
  • São Tomé and Príncipe: 202,781
  • Mayotte (France): 233,993
  • Cape Verde: 508,315

Africa Population Growth

Africa's population is growing very rapidly. Population experts predict Africa's population will reach 2.4 billion by 2050.

Africa currently has a very low population density of about 65 people per square mile, which puts it behind Asia, Europe, and South America. The population of Africa is currently projected to quadruple in just 90 years, with a growth rate that will make Africa more important than ever to the global economy.

Africa's Nigeria is already one of the most populous countries on earth, and as China's population shrinks and India plateaus, Nigeria is on track to reach nearly 1 billion people by 2100 and come close to surpassing China. Nigeria's current growth represents one of the biggest population booms in world history, with the country's population expected to increase by a factor of eight in just two or three generations. All the more impressive considering the country is roughly the size of Texas.

The largest growth in Africa's population will be in sub-Saharan region, including growth in countries like Tanzania, which is one of the poorest countries on earth. Just 13 years ago, the country's population was 34 million, which has now grown to 45 million but is projected to reach 276 million by 2100. For comparison, the US population in mid-2023 was approximately 340 million.

Overall, predictions project the African continent's population to reach 2.4 billion by 2050. By 2100, more than half of the world's growth is expected to come from Africa, which could reach 4.1 billion people by 2100 and claim more than 30% of the world's population. Most African countries will at least triple in population during that period, as the region has very high fertility rates and very little family planning in most regions.

Many population experts view Africa's striking population growth with concern. Many African countries are still developing and are among the poorest countries in the world, with infrastructures and economies that struggle to meet their populations' needs for resources such as jobs, food, water, electricity, healthcare, and law enforcement. If these already strained systems fail to grow at the same speed as the population, quality of life is likely to decrease and deaths to causes such as starvation and disease could increase.

Is Africa a Country or a Continent?

So, is Africa a country? No, Africa is not a country. Africa is a continent. It is a single, giant landmass that is made up of multiple countries. One continent, Australia, only has one country. On the other hand, Africa is made up of multiple countries. Some of the countries in Africa include South Africa, Morocco, Kenya, Nigeria, Ghana, and Zimbabwe. The borders of Africa have changed many times throughout history, and many borders changed when Africa was freed from European colonial rule.

The answer to the very common question, “Is Africa a continent?” is, yes. Africa is a continent. It is a continent home to 54 countries, with each of them being home to their own unique political and cultural infrastructure. With all of these countries, Africa is said to be among the most genetically diverse continents on the planet. Experts say this genetic diversity comes from this land being the beginning of the human race.

Its size reflects that as well. The size of the continent of Africa is equal to the combined land masses of Europe, India, Japan, China, and the United States.

Geographically, it is the only continent that is found in [all four hemispheres](http://www.visualgeography.com/continents/africa.html), with most of the continent being found in the Tropics. Because of its location, the continent is considered to be the most susceptible to the disastrous impacts of climate change.

Africa 7 Million Years Ago

The question “is Africa a continent” has been asked for centuries, and one thing that marks it as such is its 7 million-year-old history. It is considered the origin of the human race, and also the great apes from which science says we all have evolved. The earliest Homo sapiens have been there for at least 350,000 years. It was the first continent of the world, and now the most inhabited today.

% of World Pop
18.68%
Density
49.31

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Country
Population
Density (/km²)
Nigeria229,152,217248
Ethiopia129,719,719117
Egypt114,484,252114
DR Congo105,625,11445
Tanzania69,419,07373
South Africa61,020,22150
Kenya56,203,03097
Uganda49,924,252207
Sudan49,358,22826
Algeria46,278,75119
Morocco38,211,45986
Angola37,804,63430
Mozambique34,858,40243
Ghana34,777,522146
Madagascar31,056,61053
Ivory Coast29,603,30292
Cameroon29,394,43362
Niger28,238,97222
Mali24,015,78919
Burkina Faso23,840,24787
Malawi21,475,962181
Zambia21,134,69528
Chad18,847,14815
Somalia18,706,92229
Senegal18,221,56793
Zimbabwe17,020,32144
Guinea14,528,77059
Rwanda14,414,910547
Benin14,080,072125
Burundi13,591,657488
Tunisia12,564,68977
South Sudan11,277,09218
Togo9,260,864163
Sierra Leone8,977,972125
Libya6,964,1974
Republic of the Congo6,244,54718
Central African Republic5,915,6279
Liberia5,536,94950
Mauritania4,993,9225
Eritrea3,817,65132
Gambia2,841,803266
Botswana2,719,6945
Namibia2,645,8053
Gabon2,484,5579
Lesotho2,356,08378
Guinea Bissau2,197,14961
Equatorial Guinea1,754,99363
Mauritius1,301,978638
Eswatini1,222,07570
Djibouti1,152,32950
Reunion989,350394
Comoros867,605466
Cape Verde604,461150
Western Sahara598,3852
Mayotte345,996925
Sao Tome and Principe236,381245
Seychelles108,263240
showing: 57 rows

Countries in Africa

Africa Population History

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Year
Population
Density (/km²)
Growth Rate
20241,494,988,668492.36%
20231,460,476,458482.39%
20201,360,671,813452.53%
20151,201,102,442402.62%
20101,055,228,072352.61%
2005927,892,563312.53%
2000818,946,032272.49%
1995724,325,328242.57%
1990638,150,630212.81%
1985555,645,980182.9%
1980481,536,379162.89%
1975417,550,506142.7%
1970365,444,348122.6%
1965321,441,519112.49%
1960284,282,49192.29%
1955253,842,41782.21%
1950227,544,03780%

Africa Population Projections

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Year
Population
Density (/km²)
Growth Rate
20993,909,418,6111290.44%
20943,825,033,9341260.53%
20893,724,737,4291230.64%
20843,608,445,6831190.75%
20793,476,972,6121150.86%
20743,331,659,0221100.98%
20693,173,131,3131051.11%
20643,003,464,963991.23%
20592,824,742,698931.37%
20542,638,490,165871.52%
20492,446,290,044811.68%
20442,250,474,836741.84%
20392,054,298,977682%
20341,860,998,577612.14%
20291,673,840,171552.29%
20241,494,988,668490%
  1. World Population Prospects (2022 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

Sources