Sovereign Nation 2022

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What is a sovereign nation? A sovereign nation is a nation that has one centralized government that has the power to govern a specific geographic area. Under the definition set by international law, a sovereign nation has a defined territory with just one government. These nations have a permanent population and can enter into relations with other sovereign countries. While most major sovereign nations are well known throughout the world, many smaller or less prominent nations are relatively unknown countries.

The precise number of sovereign nations in the world is almost impossible to determine. Despite the fact that the United Nations currently recognizes 206 total states—193 member nations, two observer states, and 11 "other" states, there are also nearly a hundred additional regions that are considered sovereign nations by some sources—but not by others. These regions have a wide range of classifications and labels, including unrecognized countries, disputed territories, dependent territories, autonomous regions, administrative areas, partially recognized territories, crown dependencies, and more. These regions may or may not be considered sovereign. For example, of the United Nations' 206 states, 15 have disputed sovereignty. These regions range from the relatively obscure Northern Cyprus, with a modest area of 3,355 km² (1,295 mi²) and a population of roughly 400,000, to China, the most populous country in the world:

15 United Nations States Whose Sovereignty is Disputed:

  1. Abkhazia — is claimed by Georgia
  2. Artsakh — is claimed by Azerbaijan
  3. China (the People's Republic of China) — is partially unrecognized and is claimed by Taiwan (the Republic of China)
  4. Cyprus (Republic of Cyprus) — is not recognized by Turkey
  5. Israel — is partially unrecognized. As of December 2019, 162 UN nations have recognized Israel as a sovereign nation
  6. Kosovo — is claimed by Serbia. As of March 2020, UN 115 nations have recognized Kosovo as a sovereign state. However, some have also retracted or declined to confirm their recognition due to political pressure
  7. North Korea (The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) — is claimed by South Korea
  8. Northern Cyprus (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus) — is claimed by the Cyprus (Republic of Cyprus)
  9. Palestine — is partially recognized and is disputed by Israel. As of 2019, UN 138 nations have recognized Palestine as a sovereign state
  10. Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic — is claimed by Morocco
  11. Somaliland — is claimed by Somalia
  12. South Korea (The Republic of Korea) — is claimed by North Korea
  13. South Ossetia — is claimed by Georgia
  14. Taiwan (Republic of China) — is claimed by mainland China (the People’s Republic of China). As of 2019, only 14 UN nations have recognized Taiwan as a sovereign nation, largely due to China's interference.
  15. Transnistria — is claimed by Moldova

Sovereign nations around the world

As the list above demonstrates, whether a state is considered sovereign or not often depends upon the source of the information. In the opinion of the government of Somaliland, the nation is indeed a sovereign state. However, the government of Somalia, in which Somaliland is located, holds the opinion that Somaliland is not sovereign, but a disputed part of Somalia. Other instances are even more politically complex, such as both North and South Korea claiming to be the rightful government of a united Korea, or Taiwan—to which the previous Chinese government retreated when a communist revolution took over mainland China after WWII—claiming to be the rightful government of all of China.

Sovereign Nation 2022

Country 2022 Population
China1,448,471,400
India1,406,631,776
United States334,805,269
Indonesia279,134,505
Pakistan229,488,994
Nigeria216,746,934
Brazil215,353,593
Bangladesh167,885,689
Russia145,805,947
Mexico131,562,772
Japan125,584,838
Ethiopia120,812,698
Philippines112,508,994
Egypt106,156,692
Vietnam98,953,541
DR Congo95,240,792
Iran86,022,837
Turkey85,561,976
Germany83,883,596
Thailand70,078,203
United Kingdom68,497,907
France65,584,518
Tanzania63,298,550
South Africa60,756,135
Italy60,262,770
Kenya56,215,221
Myanmar55,227,143
Colombia51,512,762
South Korea51,329,899
Uganda48,432,863
Spain46,719,142
Argentina46,010,234
Sudan45,992,020
Algeria45,350,148
Ukraine43,192,122
Iraq42,164,965
Canada38,388,419
Morocco37,772,756
Poland37,739,785
Saudi Arabia35,844,909
Uzbekistan34,382,084
Peru33,684,208
Malaysia33,181,072
Mozambique33,089,461
Ghana32,395,450
Yemen31,154,867
Nepal30,225,582
Venezuela29,266,991
Madagascar29,178,077
Cameroon27,911,548
Ivory Coast27,742,298
Niger26,083,660
Australia26,068,792
North Korea25,990,679
Taiwan23,888,595
Burkina Faso22,102,838
Sri Lanka21,575,842
Mali21,473,764
Malawi20,180,839
Zambia19,470,234
Syria19,364,809
Chile19,250,195
Kazakhstan19,205,043
Romania19,031,335
Guatemala18,584,039
Ecuador18,113,361
Senegal17,653,671
Chad17,413,580
Netherlands17,211,447
Cambodia17,168,639
Somalia16,841,795
Zimbabwe15,331,428
Guinea13,865,691
Rwanda13,600,464
Benin12,784,726
Burundi12,624,840
Tunisia12,046,656
Bolivia11,992,656
Haiti11,680,283
Belgium11,668,278
South Sudan11,618,511
Cuba11,305,652
Dominican Republic11,056,370
Czech Republic10,736,784
Greece10,316,637
Jordan10,300,869
Azerbaijan10,300,205
Honduras10,221,247
Sweden10,218,971
Portugal10,140,570
United Arab Emirates10,081,785
Tajikistan9,957,464
Hungary9,606,259
Belarus9,432,800
Papua New Guinea9,292,169
Austria9,066,710
Israel8,922,892
Switzerland8,773,637
Togo8,680,837
Serbia8,653,016
Sierra Leone8,306,436
Laos7,481,023
Paraguay7,305,843
Libya7,040,745
Bulgaria6,844,597
Nicaragua6,779,100
Kyrgyzstan6,728,271
Lebanon6,684,849
El Salvador6,550,389
Turkmenistan6,201,943
Singapore5,943,546
Denmark5,834,950
Republic of the Congo5,797,805
Finland5,554,960
Norway5,511,370
Slovakia5,460,193
Palestine5,345,541
Oman5,323,993
Liberia5,305,117
Costa Rica5,182,354
Ireland5,020,199
Central African Republic5,016,678
Mauritania4,901,981
New Zealand4,898,203
Panama4,446,964
Kuwait4,380,326
Croatia4,059,286
Moldova4,013,171
Georgia3,968,738
Eritrea3,662,244
Uruguay3,496,016
Mongolia3,378,078
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,249,317
Jamaica2,985,094
Qatar2,979,915
Armenia2,971,966
Albania2,866,374
Lithuania2,661,708
Namibia2,633,874
Gambia2,558,482
Botswana2,441,162
Gabon2,331,533
Lesotho2,175,699
Slovenia2,078,034
Guinea Bissau2,063,367
Latvia1,848,837
Bahrain1,783,983
Equatorial Guinea1,496,662
Trinidad And Tobago1,406,585
Timor Leste1,369,429
Estonia1,321,910
Mauritius1,274,727
Cyprus1,223,387
Eswatini1,184,817
Djibouti1,016,097
Fiji909,466
Comoros907,419
Guyana794,045
Bhutan787,941
Solomon Islands721,159
Luxembourg642,371
Montenegro627,950
Western Sahara626,161
Suriname596,831
Cape Verde567,678
Maldives540,985
Brunei445,431
Malta444,033
Belize412,190
Bahamas400,516
Iceland345,393
Vanuatu321,832
Barbados288,023
Sao Tome And Principe227,679
Samoa202,239
Saint Lucia185,113
Kiribati123,419
Micronesia117,489
Grenada113,475
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines111,551
Tonga107,749
Antigua And Barbuda99,509
Seychelles99,426
Andorra77,463
Dominica72,344
Marshall Islands60,057
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,871
Monaco39,783
Liechtenstein38,387
San Marino34,085
Palau18,233
Cook Islands17,571
Tuvalu12,066
Nauru10,903
Niue1,622
Vatican City799

Sovereign Nation 2022

Sources