Countries That Recognize Kosovo 2022

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Kosovo, officially known as the Republic of Kosovo, is a partially recognized state located in southeast Europe that is attempting to secede from its parent country, Serbia. One of the poorest countries in Europe, Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia on February 17, 2008. However, Kosovo has thus far been denied full recognition, as well as membership in the United Nations and the European Union, because Serbia continues to claim Kosovo as its own. This position is arguably ironic, as Serbia itself was formerly part of Yugoslavia, but seceded in 1992, and split amicably from Montenegro in 2006.

As of July 2022, Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state at one time or another by a total of 119 nations. However, a handful of those recognitions are ambiguous or disputed, and several other countries have withdrawn their recognition due to political pressure from countries who favor Serbia's stance over that of Kosovo. As a result, the true number of countries that recognize Kosovo is closer to 99. (Full details in table after page text.)

Countries that Recognize Kosovo as an Independent State:*

Category # of countries Total
Recognized Kosovo in 2008 54 54
Recognized Kosovo in 2009 11 65
Recognized Kosovo in 2010-2011 19 84
Recognized Kosovo in 2012-2014 25 109
Recognized Kosovo in 2015-present 10 119
Recognized, but withdrawn 20 99

*For a full list of countries in each category, see table below.

Kosovo's declaration of independence and Serbia's reaction

Serbia’s initial response to Kosovo’s declaration of independence included charging Kosovo’s leaders with high treason, litigating the case at the International Court of Justice, and recalling Serbian ambassadors to countries that recognized Kosovo (as well as expelling those countries' ambassadors from Serbia). The International Court of Justice ruled in 2010 that Kosovo's declaration of independence did was legal according to international law, but Serbia has rejected that verdict.

Despite these initial tensions, relations between Serbia and Kosovo warmed over time. In December 2012, Serbian's Prime Minister Ivica Dačić agreed to appoint a liaison officer to Kosovo as a result of European Union (EU) negotiations on Kosovo’s status. Kosovo and Serbia normalized their relations in April 2013 with the Brussels Agreement, which stated that Belgrade (the capital of Serbia) recognized Pristina (the capital of Kosovo) as having administrative power over Kosovo and that Belgrade would consider Pristina a legitimate governing authority.

The Brussels Agreement enabled both nations to eventually join the EU, and was followed the exchange of liaison officers between the two nations in June of 2013. However, relations between Serbia and Kosovo took a step backward in November 2018, when Kosovo imposed a 100% import tax on all Serbian goods. Kosovo withdrew the tax on April 1, 2020.

Other partially recognized countries

Kosovo is not the only unrecognized country. Other potential countries that are not yet internationally recognized (and are therefore not yet in the U.N.) include Palestine, Israel, Western Sahara, and Taiwan.

Countries That Recognize Kosovo 2022

Country Date of Recognition 2022 Population
United StatesFebruary 18, 2008338,289,857
PakistanDecember 24, 2012235,824,862
NigeriaSeptember 12, 2011218,541,212
BangladeshFebruary 27, 2017171,186,372
JapanMarch 18, 2008123,951,692
EgyptJune 26, 2013110,990,103
TurkeyFebruary 18, 200885,341,241
GermanyFebruary 20, 200883,369,843
ThailandSeptember 24, 201371,697,030
United KingdomFebruary 18, 200867,508,936
TanzaniaMay 29, 201365,497,748
FranceFebruary 18, 200864,626,628
ItalyFebuary 21, 200859,037,474
ColombiaAugust 6, 200851,874,024
South KoreaMarch 28, 200851,815,810
AfghanistanFebruary 18, 200841,128,771
PolandFebruary 26 200839,857,145
CanadaMarch 18, 200838,454,327
Saudi ArabiaApril 20, 200936,408,820
PeruFebuary 22, 200834,049,588
MalaysiaOctober 30, 200833,938,221
YemenJune 11, 201333,696,614
GhanaJanuary 23, 201233,475,870
MadagascarNovember 11, 201729,611,714
NigerAugust 16, 201126,207,977
AustraliaFebruary 19, 200826,177,413
Burkina FasoApril 24, 200822,673,762
MaliJuly 7, 201422,593,590
MalawiDecember 16, 200920,405,317
ChadJune, 1, 201217,723,315
SomaliaMay 19, 201017,597,511
NetherlandsMarch 4, 200817,564,014
SenegalFebruary 19, 200817,316,449
BeninAugust 17, 201113,352,864
BurundiOctober 16, 201212,889,576
BelgiumFebruary 24, 200811,655,930
HaitiFebruary 10, 201211,584,996
JordanJuly 8, 200911,285,869
Dominican RepublicJuly 11, 200911,228,821
SwedenMarch 4, 200810,549,347
Czech RepublicMay 21, 200810,493,986
HondurasSeptmeber 3, 201010,432,860
PortugalOctober 7, 200810,270,865
Papua New GuineaOctober 3, 201210,142,619
United Arab EmiratesOctober 14, 20089,441,129
AustriaFebruary 27, 20088,939,617
TogoJuly 11, 20148,848,699
SwitzerlandFebruary 27, 20088,740,472
Sierra LeoneJune 13, 20088,605,718
LibyaSeptember 25, 20136,812,341
BulgariaMarch 20, 20086,781,953
El SalvadorJune 29, 20136,336,392
SingaporeDecember 1, 20165,975,689
DenmarkFebuary 21, 20085,882,261
Central African RepublicJuly 22, 20115,579,144
FinlandMarch 7, 20085,540,745
NorwayMarch 28, 20085,434,319
LiberiaMay 30, 20085,302,681
New ZealandNovember 11, 20095,185,288
Costa RicaFebruary 17, 20085,180,829
IrelandFebruary 29, 20085,023,109
MauritaniaJanuary 12, 20104,736,139
OmanFebruary 4, 20114,576,298
PanamaJanuary 16, 20094,408,581
CroatiaMarch 19, 20084,030,358
AlbaniaFebruary 18, 20082,842,321
LithuaniaMay 6, 20082,750,055
GambiaApril 7, 20092,705,992
QatarJanuary 4, 20112,695,122
GabonSeptember 9, 20112,388,992
LesothoFebruary 11, 20142,305,825
SloveniaMarch 5, 20082,119,844
Guinea BissauJanuary 14, 20112,105,566
LatviaFebruary 20, 20081,850,651
BahrainMay 19, 20091,472,233
Timor LesteSeptember 20, 20121,341,296
EstoniaFebuary 21, 20081,326,062
EswatiniApril 12, 20101,201,670
DjiboutiMay 12, 20101,120,849
FijiNovember 19, 2012929,766
ComorosMay 14, 2009836,774
GuyanaMarch 16, 2013808,726
Solomon IslandsAugust 13, 2014724,273
LuxembourgFebuary 21, 2008647,599
MontenegroOctober 9, 2008627,082
SurinameJuly 8, 2016618,040
MaltaAugust 21, 2008533,286
MaldivesFebruary 19, 2009523,787
BruneiApril 25, 2012449,002
BelizeAugust 7, 2008405,272
IcelandMarch 5, 2008372,899
VanuatuApril 28, 2010326,740
BarbadosFebruary 15, 2018281,635
SamoaSeptember 15, 2008222,382
Saint LuciaAugust 19, 2011179,857
KiribatiOctober 21, 2010131,232
GrenadaSeptember 25, 2013125,438
TongaJanuary 15, 2014106,858
Antigua And BarbudaMay 20, 201593,763
AndorraJune 8, 201179,824
DominicaDecember 11, 201272,737
Saint Kitts And NevisNovember 28, 201247,657
Marshall IslandsApril 17, 200841,569
LiechtensteinMarch 25, 200839,327
MonacoMarch 19, 200836,469
San MarinoMay 11, 200833,660
PalauMarch 6, 200918,055
NauruApril 23, 200812,668
TuvaluNovember 18, 201011,312

Countries That Recognize Kosovo 2022

Sources