Countries That Recognize Palestine 2022

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The State of Palestine is a partially recognized sovereign state, similar to Kosovo and Taiwan, which is currently classified as a "non-member observer state" by the United Nations. As of April 2022, Palestine 138 of the United Nations' 193 members (and one observer) have recognized Palestine. Geographically, Palestine is located in the Mediterranean Middle East and consists of two non-contiguous territories: the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. These territories are separated by Israel, another partially recognized country—but one that has gained enough recognition (162 of 193 members) to join the U.N.—though its statehood is disputed by some members.

Palestine and Israel are the two main players in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, a political and military dispute in which both Palestinian Jews and Israeli Arabs/Muslims claim the same territory—particularly the city of Jerusalem—which is considered holy by both faiths. While the two are currently locked in a politically complex, at times violent stalemate, Palestine continues to seek formal recognition from enough United Nations member states so that it, too, may achieve full U.N.-member status. A list of countries that recognize Palestine appears below, and the full data set complete with dates appears further down this page.

Every country that currently recognizes Palestine:

Afghanistan Comoros Indonesia Nicaragua South Sudan
Albania Costa Rica Iran Niger Sri Lanka
Algeria Cuba Iraq Nigeria Sudan
Angola Cyprus Ivory Coast North Korea Suriname
Antigua and Barbuda Czech Republic Jordan Oman Swaziland
Argentina Djibouti Kazakhstan Pakistan Sweden
Azerbaijan Dominica Kenya Papua New Guinea Syria
Bahrain Dominican Republic Kuwait Paraguay Tajikistan
Bangladesh DR Congo Kyrgyzstan Peru Tanzania
Belarus Ecuador Laos Philippines Thailand
Belize Egypt Lebanon Poland Timor-Leste
Benin El Salvador Lesotho Qatar Togo
Bhutan Equatorial Guinea Liberia Republic of the Congo Tunisia
Bolivia Ethiopia Libya Romania Turkey
Bosnia and Herzegovina Gabon Madagascar Russia Turkmenistan
Botswana Gambia Malawi Rwanda Uganda
Brazil Georgia Malaysia Saint Kitts and Nevis Ukraine
Brunei Ghana Maldives Saint Lucia United Arab Emirates
Bulgaria Grenada Mali St Vincent & Grenadines Uruguay
Burkina Faso Guatemala Malta Sao Tome and Principe Uzbekistan
Burundi Guinea Mauritania Saudi Arabia Vanuatu
Cambodia Guinea-Bissau Mauritius Senegal Vatican City (UN obs. state)
Cape Verde Guyana Mongolia Serbia Venezuela
Central African Republic Haiti Montenegro Seychelles Vietnam
Chad Honduras Morocco <Sierra Leone/td> Yemen
Chile Hungary Mozambique Slovakia Zambia
China Iceland Namibia Somalia Zimbabwe
Colombia India Nepal South Africa

A brief summary of the conflict between Israel and Palestine

The region of modern-day Palestine has been ruled by several groups throughout history, including the Greeks, the Romans, and the Ottoman Empire. After World War I, the British controlled a region called Mandatory Palestine, which encompassed territory that would become modern Palestine, Israel, and parts of Jordan and Egypt. However, both Jews and Arabs/Muslims declared it was their right to establish a new, exclusive country in the area.

In 1947, the United Nations proposed the two-state solution, which would divide Mandatory Palestine into two separate nations: a Jewish state and an Arab state. Neither state would possess Jerusalem, which would become an internationalized territory.

While Jewish leaders accepted the plan, Arab leaders opposed it, arguing that they represented the majority of the population in certain regions and should be given more territory. The Arab state of Israel was founded in May 1948, coinciding with the British withdrawal from Palestine, and the Arab-Israeli conflict quickly broke out between Israel and Jordan, Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Lebanon, and Palestine. Although its intensity has waxed and waned over the decades, the conflict continues today.

In 1988, the Palestinian Declaration of Independence proclaimed the establishment of the State of Palestine. The Declaration was recognized by several countries shortly after. In 1993 and 1995, the Oslo Accords were signed by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization to resolve the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict, including establishing the Palestinian National Authority as a self-governing interim administration in areas of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

Today, much of Palestine is occupied territory, with West Bank split between Palestinians and Israeli occupiers and Gaza Strip occupied by Hamas, a fundamentalist Islamic group unaffiliated with either Israel or Palestine. While the various factions have attempted to negotiate over the years, no agreement has been made. As a result, instability, displacement, and violence still occur throughout the region.

Many of the countries that do not recognize Palestine as a state, such as the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Japan, and Canada, support a two-state solution. However, their recognition of a Palestinian state is conditioned on direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian National Authority.

Countries That Recognize Palestine 2022

Country Date recognized
China20 November 1988
India18 November 1988
Indonesia15 November 1988
Pakistan16 November 1988
Nigeria18 November 1988
Brazil3 December 2011
Bangladesh16 November 1988
Russia19 November 1988
Ethiopia4 February 1989
PhilippinesSeptember 1989
Egypt18 November 1988
Vietnam19 November 1988
DR Congo18 December 1988
Iran4 February 1988
Turkey15 November 1988
Thailand18 January 2012
Tanzania24 November 1988
South Africa15 February 1995
KenyaMay 1989
Colombia3 August 2018
Uganda3 December 1988
Argentina6 December 2010
Sudan17 November 1988
Algeria15 November 1988
Ukraine19 November 1988
Iraq15 November 1988
Afghanistan16 November 1988
Morocco15 November 1988
Poland14 December 1988
Saudi Arabia16 November 1988
Angola6 December 1988
Uzbekistan25 September 1994
Peru24 January 2011
Malaysia15 November 1988
Mozambique8 December 1988
Ghana29 November 1988
Yemen15 November 1988
Nepal19 December 1988
Venezuela27 April 2009
Madagascar16 November 1988
Ivory Coast
Niger24 November 1988
North Korea24 November 1988
Burkina Faso21 November 1988
Sri Lanka18 November 1988
Mali21 November 1988
Malawi23 October 1998
Zambia16 November 1988
Syria18 July 2011
Chile7 January 2011
Kazakhstan6 April 1992
Romania24 November 1988
Guatemala9 April 2013
Ecuador27 December 2010
Senegal22 November 1988
Chad1 December 1988
Cambodia21 November 1988
Somalia15 November 1988
Zimbabwe29 November 1988
Guinea21 November 1988
Rwanda2 January 1989
BeninMay 1989
Burundi22 December 1988
Tunisia15 November 1988
Bolivia17 December 2010
Haiti27 September 2013
South Sudan14 July 2011
Cuba16 November 1988
Dominican Republic15 July 2009
Czech Republic18 November 1988
Jordan16 November 1988
Azerbaijan15 April 1992
Honduras26 August 2011
Sweden30 October 2014
United Arab Emirates16 November 1988
Tajikistan2 April 1994
Hungary23 November 1988
Belarus19 November 1988
Papua New Guinea13 January 1995
Togo29 November 1988
Serbia16 November 1988
Sierra Leone3 December 1988
Laos2 December 1988
Paraguay29 January 2011
Libya15 November 1988
Bulgaria25 November 1988
Nicaragua16 November 1988
KyrgyzstanNovember 1995
Lebanon30 November 2008
El Salvador25 August 2011
Turkmenistan17 April 1992
Republic of the Congo5 December 1988
Slovakia18 November 1988
Oman13 December 1988
LiberiaJuly 2011
Costa Rica5 February 2008
Central African Republic23 December 1988
Mauritania15 November 1988
Kuwait15 November 1988
Georgia25 April 1992
Uruguay16 March 2011
Mongolia22 November 1988
Bosnia And Herzegovina27 May 1992
Qatar16 November 1988
Albania17 November 1988
Namibia19 November 1988
Gambia18 November 1988
Botswana19 December 1988
Gabon12 December 1988
Lesotho3 May 2011
Guinea Bissau21 November 1988
Bahrain15 November 1988
Equatorial GuineaMay 1989
Timor Leste1 March 2004
Mauritius17 November 1988
Cyprus18 November 1988
Djibouti17 November 1988
Comoros21 November 1988
Guyana13 January 2011
Bhutan25 December 1988
Montenegro24 July 2006
Suriname26 January 2011
Cape Verde24 November 1988
Maldives28 November 1988
Brunei17 November 1988
Malta16 November 1988
Belize9 September 2011
Iceland15 December 2011
Vanuatu21 August 1989
Sao Tome And Principe10 December 1988
Saint Lucia14 September 2015
Grenada25 September 2011
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines29 August 2011
Antigua And Barbuda22 September 2011
Seychelles18 November 1988
Dominica19 September 2011
Saint Kitts And Nevis29 July 2019
Vatican City26 June 2015

Countries That Recognize Palestine 2022

Sources