Countries With Proportional Representation 2022

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The search for better forms of government is an ongoing process that has stretched back in time to the days of democracy’s foundations in ancient Athens. One of the more popular forms of government that has survived this journey is the establishment of proportional representation. Below, let us look at those countries that have adopted such a system as the best way to express their voices in the electoral process.

Types of Proportional Representation

Different types of proportional representation abound across the spectrum of nations that use this vehicle for political representation. Typically speaking, a proportional representation is normally seen within those countries operating a Parliamentary system.

Party List Representation

Candidate lists are defined by political parties that are then voted on by voters in the list’s entirety. Once ballots are cast, the relative nod for each list translates into how many candidates from each list is elevated to the elected position.

Ranked Choice Selection

As opposed to simply voting for the single best candidate on the ballot, In a ranked choice selection process, voter’s votes are adjusted as candidates are elected or eliminate from contention. The system seeks to form consensus amongst surviving candidates.

Mixed Compensatory Systems

Seeks to combine local elections with compensatory national or regional party=list elections. Voters are afforded two votes, one for their single-member district, as well as a vote for the larger party list. This system allows for parties that are underrepresented at the district level will have those numbers bolstered by the party list vote.

Biproportional Apportionment

This system seeks to provide proportionality in two separate realms. Specifically, it attempts to divide the vote results proportionally by both region as well as by party status.

Countries With Proportional Representation 2022

Country 2022 Population
Indonesia275,501,339
Brazil215,313,498
Japan123,951,692
Turkey85,341,241
Germany83,369,843
South Africa59,893,885
Italy59,037,474
Spain47,558,630
Argentina45,510,318
Algeria44,903,225
Poland39,857,145
Ukraine39,701,739
Angola35,588,987
Peru34,049,588
Mozambique32,969,518
Nepal30,547,580
Australia26,177,413
Taiwan23,893,394
Burkina Faso22,673,762
Sri Lanka21,832,143
Romania19,659,267
Chile19,603,733
Kazakhstan19,397,998
Guatemala17,843,908
Netherlands17,564,014
Cambodia16,767,842
Rwanda13,776,698
Benin13,352,864
Burundi12,889,576
Tunisia12,356,117
Bolivia12,224,110
Belgium11,655,930
Sweden10,549,347
Czech Republic10,493,986
Honduras10,432,860
Greece10,384,971
Portugal10,270,865
Israel9,038,309
Austria8,939,617
Togo8,848,699
Switzerland8,740,472
Serbia7,221,365
Bulgaria6,781,953
Paraguay6,780,744
Kyrgyzstan6,630,623
El Salvador6,336,392
Denmark5,882,261
Slovakia5,643,453
Finland5,540,745
Lebanon5,489,739
Norway5,434,319
New Zealand5,185,288
Costa Rica5,180,829
Ireland5,023,109
Croatia4,030,358
Uruguay3,422,794
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,233,526
Albania2,842,321
Armenia2,780,469
Namibia2,567,012
Lesotho2,305,825
Slovenia2,119,844
Guinea Bissau2,105,566
Latvia1,850,651
Equatorial Guinea1,674,908
Estonia1,326,062
Cyprus1,251,488
Fiji929,766
Guyana808,726
Montenegro627,082
Suriname618,040
Cape Verde593,149
Malta533,286
Iceland372,899
Sao Tome And Principe227,380
Aruba106,445
Greenland56,466
Faroe Islands53,090
Sint Maarten44,175
Liechtenstein39,327
San Marino33,660

Countries With Proportional Representation 2022