map placeholder
Click on a country for details.

Countries with Red, White, and Blue Flags 2024

Most every nation in the world has an official flag. Flags play an important role in a country's identity. They unite the citizenry, inspire patriotism, and offer people a tangible symbol of their country to wear and display proudly. Flags are particularly useful in international settings such as in the Olympics, FIFA, or the United Nations, in which the citizens of many countries come together for the specific purpose of representing their country. Most countries also have national animals, anthems, flowers, and so on. But flags are the symbols that resonate most strongly.

Each country's flag is unique to that country. Theoretically, one can identify a person's homeland at a glance by noting which flag they display. However, not all flags as as unique and distinguishable as one might hope. Many countries have similar color schemes and patterns on their flags. For instance, the flag of the Netherlands features three broad horizontal stripes of (in order) red, white, then blue, while the flag of Luxembourg features three broad horizontal stripes of red, white, then light blue and the Russian flag features three broad horizontal stripes of white, blue, then red. These similarities can make it tricky to tell certain flags apart from one another.

Countries and territories with red, white, and blue flags

Red and white are the colors most often used in flag designs, with blue and gold close behind. Moreover, the combination of red, white, and blue is one of the most popular choices of all, used in the flags of more than 50 countries and territories. Most flags use stripes (usually horizontal) or blocks of color into their designs, and many also utilize stars or emblems (which may include additional colors) in some way. A simple list of countries whose flags are red, white, and blue appears below, and a more detailed table can be seen further down the page.

Countries with red, white, and blue flags

AustraliaCzech RepublicNepalSamoa
BelizeDominican RepublicNetherlandsSerbia
CambodiaFijiNew ZealandSlovakia
ChileFranceNorth KoreaSlovenia
Cook IslandsIcelandNorwayTaiwan
Costa RicaLaosPanamaThailand
CroatiaLiberiaParaguayUnited Kingdom
CubaLuxembourgRussiaUnited States

Territories with red, white, and blue flags

American Samoa (U.S.)Cayman Islands (U.K.)Saint Helena (U.K.)
Anguilla (U.K.)Falkland Islands (U.K.)Sint Maarten (Netherlands)
Ascension Island (U.K.)Faroe Islands (Denmark)South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (U.K.)
Bermuda (U.K.)French Southern and Antarctic Lands (France)Tristan de Cunha (U.K.)
British Antarctic Territory (U.K.)Montserrat (U.K.)Turks and Caicos Islands (U.K.)
British Indian Ocean Territory (U.K.)Puerto Rico (U.S.)Wallis and Futuna (France)
British Virgin Islands (U.S.)

The symbolic language of flag designs

Flag designs are rarely random. Rather, the colors, shapes, and other design elements on a given flag usually have symbolic significance. For example, the flag of the United States features thirteen stripes—one for each of the thirteen original colonies—and fifty stars—one for each current state. While there is no official explanation for the U.S. flag's red, white, and blue color palette, the colors have widely accepted unofficial symbolic meanings. In the late 1700s, red was said to symbolize hardiness and valor, white was purity and innocence, and blue was perseverance and justice. In 1986, President Ronald Reagan modified this interpretation, saying red stood for courage and sacrifice, white for pure intentions and high ideals, and blue for vigilance and justice.

Why do many country flags resemble one another?

As previously mentioned, some countries and territories have similar flags to others. While this can sometimes be attributed to chance, it is often deliberate, designed to represent a special relationship between the two nations.

For example, the U.K. flag features the "Union Jack" design, with its distinctive red and white stripes on a blue background, across its entire area. The Australian flag displays the Union Jack in the upper hoist corner, then fills the rest of the flag with a blue field containing one large seven-pointed star (six points for Australia's states and one for the territories), and five smaller stars in the shape of the Southern Cross, a constellation only viewable in the Southern Hemisphere. The Australian flag’s Union Jack is a reference to Australia’s history as a British colony (six colonies, actually); a statement of devotion to democracy, the rule of law, freedom of speech, and citizens' rights; and a sign of loyalty to the British Empire. The New Zealand flag has a similar design to Australia’s, as do most British territories such as the Cayman Islands and Montserrat.

The Liberian flag is very similar to the United States flag. The U.S. flag has 13 red and white stripes and a blue field in the upper hoist corner with 50 white stars representing the 50 U.S. states. The Liberian flag has 11 red and white stripes and one white star in a blue field in the upper hoist corner. This represents Liberia’s founding by former U.S. slaves. The 11 stripes symbolize the signatories of the Liberian Declaration of Independence, and their colors represent courage and moral excellence. The white star represents the first independent republic in Africa.

Notes:
- Due to Great Britain's empire-building past, a great number of countries utilize the red, white, and blue color scheme. Moreover, most UK territories and overseas dependencies follow the same basic design of a blue field with the UK's union jack flag in the upper left/hoist and the territory's unique coat of arms slightly right-of-center.

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Country
Flag
Horizontal Stripes
Vertical Stripes
Diagonal Stripes
Stars or Emblem (may be multi-colored)
Flags Description
American SamoaAS FlagDark blue field overlaid by a white pennant aligned along the right/fly edge. Pennant is outlined in red and features a coat of arms with a bald eagle carrying a Samoan a fly whisk (fue) and a war club (uatogi). Flag is atypically wide, with 19:10 length-to-height ratio.
AnguillaAI FlagDark blue field with Union Jack in the upper left (hoist) corner. To the right/fly side is a coat of arms featuring a white shield and a whorl of three golden dolphins.
AustraliaAU FlagDark blue field with Union Jack in the upper left (hoist) corner, one seven-pointed white star below the Union Jack, and five more stars (four seven-pointed and one five-pointed) arranged in the shape of the Southern Cross to the right/fly side.
BelizeBZ FlagBlue field with thin red stripes at top and bottom and the national coat of arms in a white circle at the center. The coat of arms features two shirtless men, one holding an axe and the other a paddle, standing astride a shield emblazoned with a sailing ship and tools (paddle, maul, axe, saw), with a tree behind and a banner reading "Sub Umbra Floreo" ("I flourish in the shade") below, all framed by a circular wreath with 50 leaves.
BermudaBM FlagRed field with Union Jack in the upper left (hoist) corner. To the right/fly side is a coat of arms featuring a red lion standing on green grass and holding a shield, upon which is depicted a sinking ship.
British Virgin IslandsVG FlagDark blue field with Union Jack in the upper left (hoist) corner. To the right/fly side is a coat of arms featuring a woman in a white dress on a green shield and surrounded by 12 oil lamps, with a yellow banner reading "vigilate" (be vigilant) below.
CambodiaKH FlagRed field with thick blue stripes at top and bottom and a white building from Angkor Wat in the center.
Cayman IslandsKY FlagDark blue field with Union Jack in the upper left (hoist) corner. To the right/fly side is a coat of arms featuring a shield emblazoned with three green stars and a lion. A turtle and a pineapple stand above the shield, and the banner "He hath founded it upon the seas" unfurls beneath it.
ChileCL FlagHalf-white (top), half-red (bottom) field with blue rectangle in upper left and a single white, five-pointed star in the center of the blue rectangle.
Cook IslandsCK FlagDark blue field with Union Jack in the upper left (hoist) corner. To the right/fly side is a ring of 15 white, five-pointed stars.
Costa RicaCR FlagStacked horizontal stripes of (from top) blue, white, red (double width), white, and blue. Slightly left-of-center in the red stripe is an emblem featuring a sailing ship near an island with three prominent mountain peaks.
CroatiaHR FlagStacked horizontal bands of (from top) red, white, and blue. In the center is a coat of arms featuring a red-and-white checkered shield crowned by five smaller blue shields from the country's past.
CubaCU FlagStacked horizontal stripes of (from top) blue, white, blue, white, and blue, overlaid by a red triangle aligned along the left/hoist edge and with a single five-pointed white star in its center.
Czech RepublicCZ FlagHalf-white (top), half-red (bottom) field overlaid by a blue triangle aligned along the left/hoist edge.
Dominican RepublicDO FlagCentered white cross that splits flag into quadrants of (clockwise from top left) blue, red, blue, red. Centered in the cross is a coat of arms featuring an olive branch, a palm branch, a shield emblazoned with the bible and a cross, and banners reading "Republica Dominicana" and "Dios,Patria!, Libertad" ("God, Country, Freedom").
Falkland IslandsFK FlagDark blue field with Union Jack in the upper left (hoist) corner. To the right/fly side is a coat of arms featuring a shield emblazoned with a sheep and a sailing ship, and under the shield flies a banner saying "Desire the Right".
Faroe IslandsFO FlagWhite field split into uneven quadrants by a red cross outlined in blue.
FijiFJ FlagLight blue field with Union Jack in the upper left (hoist) corner. To the right/fly side is a coat of arms featuring a shield emblazoned with a dove, a lion, a coconut palm, sugarcane, and bananas.
FranceFR FlagVertical bars of (from left) dark blue, white, and red.
IcelandIS FlagBlue field split into uneven quadrants by a red cross outlined in white.
LaosLA FlagBlue field framed by thick red horizontal stripes on top and bottom and with white circle in the center.
LiberiaLR Flag11 stacked horizontal stripes of alternating red (6) and white (5), with a dark blue square in the upper left/hoist corner and a single white five-pointed star inside the square.
LuxembourgLU FlagStacked horizontal bands of (from top) red, white, and light blue.
MalaysiaMY Flag14 stacked horizontal stripes of alternating red (7) and white (7), with a dark blue rectangle in the upper left/hoist corner. Inside the blue rectangle is a gold crescent moon and 14-pointed sun.
MontserratMS FlagDark blue field with Union Jack in the upper left (hoist) corner. To the right/fly side is a coat of arms featuring a shield emblazoned with a woman in green holding a cross and carrying a harp.
NepalNP FlagTwo stacked right-triangle pennants (a double-pennon) of red, outlined in blue. A white sun rests in the lower pennant, while an upward-facing crescent moon rests in the higher pennant.
NetherlandsNL FlagStacked horizontal bands of (from top) red, white, and dark blue.
New ZealandNZ FlagDark blue field with Union Jack in the upper left (hoist) corner. To the right/fly side are four red, five-pointed stars outlined in white and arranged in the shape of the Southern Cross.
North KoreaKP FlagRed field framed by thick blue and thin white stripes at the top and bottom. Slightly left of center rests a white circle with a single red, five-pointed star in its middle.
NorwayNO FlagRed field split into uneven quadrants by a dark blue cross outlined in white.
PanamaPA FlagFour-quadrant flag featuring quadrants of (clockwise from upper left/hoist:) white with a blue five-pointed star in the center, red, white with a single red five-pointed star in the center, and blue.
ParaguayPY FlagStacked horizontal bands of (from top) red, white, and blue. Centered in the white band is one of two designs, depending upon which side of the flag is in view. The coat of arms (a five-pointed gold star surrounded by green fronds and the words "Republica del Paraguay") or the seal of the treasury (a lion sitting near a pole topped with a red hat, all surrounded by the words "Paz Y Justicia").
Puerto RicoPR FlagStacked horizontal stripes of (from top) red, white, red, white, and red, overlaid by a blue triangle aligned along the left/hoist edge and with a single five-pointed white star in its center.
RussiaRU FlagStacked horizontal bands of (from top) red, blue, and white.
SamoaWS FlagRed field with a blue rectangle in the upper left/hoist corner. Inside the blue are five white five-pointed stars arranged in the shape of the Southern Cross.
SerbiaRS FlagStacked horizontal bands of (from top) red, blue, and white. Slightly left/hoist of center is a coat of arms featuring a red shield topped by a crown and emblazoned with a two-headed white eagle holding a smaller shield decorated with a Serbian cross.
Sint MaartenSX FlagHalf-red (top), half-blue (bottom) field overlaid by a white triangle aligned along the left/hoist edge. Inside the triangle is a coat of arms depicting a pelican flying in the sunrise over a shield showing a white courthouse, the border monument, a clump of lantana/sage, and a banner reading "Semper Pro Grediens" ("Always Progressing").
SlovakiaSK FlagStacked horizontal bands of (from top) white, blue, and red. Slightly left/hoist of center is a coat of arms featuring a red shield emblazoned with a white double-cross.
SloveniaSI FlagStacked horizontal bands of (from top) white, blue, and red. Slightly up and left/hoist of center is a coat of arms featuring a blue shield emblazoned with three six-pointed stars, Mount Triglav, and waves.
TaiwanTW FlagRed field with a blue rectangle in the upper left/hoist corner. A white sun is centered in the blue rectangle.
ThailandTH FlagStacked horizontal stripes of (from top) red, white, blue (double thick), white, and red.
Turks and Caicos IslandsTC FlagDark blue field with Union Jack in the upper left (hoist) corner. To the right/fly side is a coat of arms featuring a shield emblazoned with a conch shell, a lobster, and a Turk's cap cactus.
United KingdomGB FlagDark blue field over which is lain a red cross of Saint George edged in white and lain over two saltires (X shapes), one red and one white. Also called the Union Jack, the UK flag often appears as a design element in the flags of current and even former UK colonies and dependencies.
United StatesUS Flag13 stacked horizontal stripes of alternating red (7) and white (6), with a dark blue rectangle in the upper left/hoist corner. Inside the blue rectangle are 50 white, five-pointed stars arranged in alternating rows of five (four rows) or six (five rows).
Wallis and FutunaWF FlagVertical bars of (from left) dark blue, white, and red. (Same as French flag.)
showing: 45 rows

Which countries have red, white, and blue flags?

Australia, Czech Republic, Nepal, Samoa, Belize, Dominican Republic, Netherlands, Serbia, Cambodia, Fiji, New Zealand, Slovakia, Chile, France, North Korea, Slovenia, Cook Islands, Iceland, Norway, Taiwan, Costa Rica, Laos, Panama, Thailand, Croatia, Liberia Paraguay, United Kingdom, Cuba, Luxembourg, Russia, and the United States are all countries with red, white, and blue flags.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources