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Total Excess Deaths

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Excess Covid Deaths by Country 2024

At this point, the COVID-19 pandemic has permanently impacted human society in more ways than one. However, the most sobering outcome is undoubtedly the overwhelming number of deaths worldwide. In fact, a country’s average rate of excess COVID deaths is considered one of the key determiners of the pandemic’s overall impact on that nation and its people.

Here’s a closer look at some of the countries that reported particularly high numbers of COVID-19 deaths, as well as some possible factors that may have contributed to those numbers.

Countries with the Most Excess COVID Deaths

The term “excess mortality” refers to any and all deaths that may have occurred during a particular period over and above what would have been considered typical levels otherwise.

Although the number of actual deaths attributed directly to COVID is also important, excess mortality rates can better indicate the overall impact of the pandemic as an event. That said, the following are the counties with the highest rates as of 2023:

Country
Total Excess Deaths
United States1,364,320
Russia1,310,780
Brazil898,130
Mexico663,460
Egypt344,710
South Africa293,140
Italy285,970
Iran282,250
Philippines270,060
Germany267,400

Potential Factors Contributing to Excess COVID Deaths by Country

Although every country in the world suffered serious loss of life due to the pandemic, some countries lost more people than others. Factors like the following are potential contributors to consider. Countries with more robust healthcare systems and greater numbers of facilities were better equipped to handle the potential impact of a pandemic than others, resulting in fewer overall excess deaths. Larger, more densely populated countries – such as Brazil, India, and so forth – faced a special set of challenges when it came to keeping COVID contained. In general, the virus spread much more rapidly in areas where large crowds and densely populated areas were more common. Additional contributing factors may include but are not limited to age demographics within a country, vaccination response, and prevalence of virus mutations.

  • Reporting of deaths due to COVID-19 is often incomplete due to situations such as a person dying from COVID without being tested for it (very common in countries with undersized testing programs) or a person going untreated (possibly due to the hospitals being full) and dying.
  • A more complete picture of the COVID-19 death toll may come from examining 'excess' deaths, which are determined by comparing the number of deaths from any cause to the number of deaths in an average year.
  • For example, if a given country usually experiences 1,000 deaths per year and reported 60 deaths from COVID, but experienced a total of 1,100 deaths (100 over the average) it would be said to have 100 excess deaths, likely attributable in large part to the pandemic.
  • Excess deaths may be direct, such as dying from COVID (whether recorded as such or not), or indirect, such as when a hospital full of COVID patients lacks the capacity to treat a person with an unrelated illness and that person dies as a result.

Download Table Data

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Country
Total Excess Deaths
Excess Deaths per 100k
Reported COVID-19 Deaths
Time Frame
Bulgaria70,8401,04438,19004-20-2020 to 09-03-2023
Lithuania26,7009719,57005-25-2020 to 09-03-2023
Russia1,310,780906388,46004-01-2020 to 07-31-2023
Serbia61,04088817,86004-01-2020 to 08-31-2023
North Macedonia17,2308239,65004-01-2020 to 07-31-2023
Bosnia and Herzegovina26,01080416,29004-01-2020 to 06-30-2023
Croatia26,73066317,94004-20-2020 to 09-03-2023
Georgia24,58065616,97002-01-2020 to 06-30-2023
Moldova20,25061911,34004-01-2020 to 12-31-2022
Montenegro3,7906042,76007-27-2020 to 04-30-2023
Latvia11,0805996,23010-19-2020 to 09-03-2023
Romania117,53059867,69003-30-2020 to 08-27-2023
Peru203,390597217,46003-23-2020 to 10-09-2022
Albania15,8305573,56006-01-2020 to 03-31-2023
Slovakia30,90054720,99009-28-2020 to 08-13-2023
Mexico663,460520326,15003-30-2020 to 09-03-2023
Hungary50,77050948,73004-06-2020 to 09-10-2023
Cuba56,6005058,52004-01-2020 to 12-31-2022
Ukraine195,210492106,86004-01-2020 to 01-31-2022
South Africa293,140489102,25004-12-2020 to 07-29-2023
Italy285,970484188,32003-02-2020 to 08-06-2023
Ecuador84,55047023,36003-23-2020 to 10-01-2023
Bolivia56,60046320,94004-01-2020 to 01-31-2022
Czech Republic48,37046142,50003-30-2020 to 08-27-2023
Poland182,870459118,99003-30-2020 to 09-24-2023
Kazakhstan85,77044219,31006-01-2020 to 08-31-2023
Brazil898,130417699,40003-01-2020 to 08-31-2023
Estonia5,4204092,91004-27-2020 to 10-08-2023
United States1,364,3204031,124,37003-09-2020 to 08-20-2023
Portugal39,60038626,25003-23-2020 to 09-03-2023
Paraguay26,12038519,83008-01-2020 to 07-31-2023
Greece39,50038034,74003-30-2020 to 09-03-2023
Colombia190,310367142,30004-06-2020 to 04-02-2023
Spain168,780355120,46003-09-2020 to 08-27-2023
Belarus33,6903532,25004-01-2020 to 03-31-2021
Chile63,75032551,95004-06-2020 to 09-10-2023
Austria29,06032522,06003-23-2020 to 09-10-2023
Netherlands56,69032323,08003-16-2020 to 09-17-2023
Germany267,400321168,93003-16-2020 to 10-01-2023
Iran282,250319143,82002-24-2020 to 10-09-2022
Slovenia6,7103177,06004-06-2020 to 09-17-2023
Egypt344,71031124,77004-01-2020 to 07-31-2023
Guatemala55,28031019,97005-18-2020 to 01-01-2023
Belgium34,95030033,93003-16-2020 to 09-17-2023
Barbados83029653008-01-2021 to 03-31-2023
Argentina132,470291117,14004-01-2020 to 12-31-2021
Turkey246,490289101,20003-01-2020 to 12-31-2022
Uruguay9,8702887,57010-01-2020 to 03-31-2023
Finland15,6702838,75003-30-2020 to 09-03-2023
Bahamas1,15028170008-01-2020 to 12-31-2021
Suriname1,6602691,16008-01-2020 to 12-31-2021
Lebanon14,5302659,08007-01-2020 to 12-31-2021
Switzerland22,94026214,38003-16-2020 to 09-03-2023
Aruba28026214012-01-2020 to 12-31-2021
Thailand177,40024733,98004-01-2020 to 09-30-2023
Philippines270,06023465,39003-01-2020 to 12-31-2022
San Marino802328012-01-2020 to 05-31-2023
Hong Kong17,24023013,44008-01-2020 to 05-31-2023
France155,580229165,59003-09-2020 to 09-17-2023
Jamaica6,0702152,37009-01-2020 to 11-30-2021
French Polynesia64021061011-01-2020 to 12-31-2021
Kyrgyzstan13,5102043,42006-01-2020 to 08-31-2023
Monaco702013001-01-2022 to 12-31-2022
Sweden20,80019724,03003-16-2020 to 08-27-2023
Nicaragua13,69019718006-01-2020 to 12-31-2021
Ireland9,7301948,68003-30-2020 to 09-03-2023
Cyprus1,7201921,28011-30-2020 to 08-27-2023
Japan227,23018373,00003-01-2020 to 07-31-2023
Canada68,82017952,06003-22-2020 to 05-13-2023
Norway9,6701784,85003-30-2020 to 10-01-2023
Malta94017678010-19-2020 to 09-03-2023
Bermuda1101738009-01-2021 to 12-31-2021
Panama7,5201707,28004-01-2020 to 10-31-2021
Kuwait7,1601682,54005-01-2020 to 12-31-2022
Gibraltar501677001-01-2021 to 01-31-2021
Mauritius2,1101621,04002-01-2020 to 12-31-2022
Costa Rica8,1701589,08002-01-2020 to 12-31-2022
Israel14,65015512,33003-30-2020 to 09-03-2023
Uzbekistan51,8401501,61007-01-2020 to 06-30-2023
Belize61015058010-01-2020 to 12-31-2021
Taiwan35,21014717,67002-01-2020 to 09-30-2023
Tajikistan14,08014412003-21-2020 to 12-20-2021
South Korea73,64014234,08003-02-2020 to 07-02-2023
Denmark8,3201418,23003-23-2020 to 10-08-2023
Jordan15,46013714,11009-01-2020 to 12-31-2022
El Salvador8,56013567006-01-2020 to 08-31-2020
Malaysia42,60012636,94004-01-2020 to 06-30-2023
Singapore6,6701181,72002-01-2020 to 06-30-2023
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1201186010-01-2021 to 12-31-2021
Algeria52,0201162,71004-01-2020 to 12-31-2020
Australia30,12011519,19004-06-2020 to 06-25-2023
Iceland40010727002-03-2020 to 09-03-2023
Seychelles11010113006-01-2021 to 12-31-2022
Palestine5,100974,91007-01-2020 to 12-31-2021
Cape Verde5709631009-01-2020 to 12-31-2021
Andorra809410005-01-2020 to 12-31-2021
Oman4,210924,21006-01-2020 to 08-31-2023
Maldives4107821001-01-2021 to 12-31-2021
United Arab Emirates5,350572,16004-01-2020 to 12-31-2021
Qatar1,5105665006-01-2020 to 07-31-2023
Brunei250566010-01-2021 to 12-31-2021
Tunisia6,500547,16006-15-2020 to 02-14-2021
Dominican Republic5,480494,38003-01-2020 to 10-31-2022
Mongolia1,060312,14002-01-2020 to 05-31-2023
Luxembourg140221,19004-06-2020 to 09-03-2023
Antigua and Barbuda20188009-01-2021 to 12-31-2021
New Zealand37072,56002-03-2020 to 10-01-2023
Liechtenstein-34001-01-2021 to 09-30-2022
showing: 108 rows

Which country had the most excess COVID deaths?

During COVID, there were 1052 excess deaths per 100K people in the country Bulgaria, which was the highest rate in the world.

Frequently Asked Questions

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