Of the 241 million malaria cases that occurred in the country in 2020, 627,000 of them ended in death. A World Health Organization Fact Sheet this disease originates from female Anopheles mosquitos infected by malaria. It is treatable and preventable, however.
About 31.9% of the people in the world who died from malaria came from Nigeria. By the way, its pregnant women and children younger than five years old who most risk infection the most regardless of where in the world they live.
About 40% of the country lives on less than $2.00 per day, and their poverty affects their ability to practice hygiene that prevents diseases. In 2020, 313.8 total cases per 1,000 people were reported.
The DR Congo
An estimated 13.2 % of worldwide malaria death cases come from the DRC. It’s the leading cause of death in the country as reported in 2020. Rural areas seem to be affected the most, and a major factor is not much access to nearby healthcare. In 2019, more than 13,000 malaria fatalities occurred in DR Congo and a total of 324.2 per 1,000 as reported in 2020.
4.1 % of the people in the world who died from malaria came from Tanzania. An estimated 93% of people live in transmission areas on the mainland. It’s one of 10 most infected countries in the world. About 120.2 people per 1,000 reportedly had it by 2020.
3.8 % of worldwide malaria deaths originated in Mozambique. About 320.2 cases per 1,000 people occurred here according to a 2020 report. In 2017, a total of 8.9 million people had contracted the disease.
Prevention and Treatment
WHO recommends intermittent dosages of preventative chemotherapy for pregnant women (IPTp) and infants (IPTi). There’s also seasonal chemoprevention for children under five years old. WHO also has widely publicized the use of the RTS,S/AS01 vaccine to prevent the P. falciparum strain as of 2021.
In addition, WHO began implementing a five-part plan that includes global access to malaria prevention, diagnosis and treatment. They have a goal of reducing the impact of malaria around the world by at least 90% as of 2030. Monitoring, research and innovation are all part of global responses to dealing with malaria.