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Artillery by Country 2024

Artillery use in warfare allows an attack on an enemy from a distance. When the enemy fires back with its artillery, the exchange is part of ground warfare.

Traditional artillery is still used in modern warfare along with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), also called “drones.” The combination creates a lethal impact with increased efficiency. If a target can be found, it can be hit. Relentless bombing and mortar fire make it nearly impossible to do anything else but respond with the same. Positions become entrenched, and armies send volleys of artillery at each other day and night. Civilians are stuck in bomb shelters to avoid being killed.

Country
Total Strength
Russia14,798
North Korea12,920
South Korea9,347
China7,374
Pakistan6,408
Egypt5,253
India4,911
Syria4,213
United States4,055
Iran3,715

The Usefulness of Artillery in Modern Warfare

  • Artillery has four core uses in modern warfare, which are:
  • Suppression of enemy fire (also called counter-battery fire)
  • Striking high-value targets such as ammunition storage facilities
  • Breaking up concentrations of enemy forces
  • Providing cover support for strategic maneuvers

All land-based equipment, such as armored personnel carriers and tanks, are vulnerable to aerial attack. Aircraft can be targeted. Defensive systems, such as the “iron dome” technology, can use projectiles to block incoming artillery.

Artillery vs. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Unmanned aerial systems (UAS) that deploy groups of UAVs cannot deliver the same massive bombardments as artillery, capable of firing thousands of rounds per hour. Artillery is deployable in almost any weather conditions, while UAVs are not.

Artillery Types

Artillery is categorized by its intended use and the caliber, which is the diameter of the bore and the multiples of the bore that equal the length of the barrel. For example, a Panzer V tank gun is 75 mm L/70. The gun’s bore is 75 mm. The barrel length is 70 times the bore (70 x 75 mm = 5,250 mm).

Here are examples of artillery commonly used in modern warfare:

  • M777 Howitzer - Caliber: 155 mm, Barrel Length: 39 calibers
  • M109A6 Paladin - Caliber: 155 mm, Barrel Length: 39 calibers
  • K9 Thunder - Caliber: 155 mm, Barrel Length: 52 calibers
  • PzH 2000 - Caliber: 155 mm, Barrel Length: 52 calibers
  • M198 Howitzer - Caliber: 155 mm, Barrel Length: 45 calibers
  • D-30 Howitzer - Caliber: 122 mm, Barrel Length: 27 calibers
  • M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) - Caliber: 227 mm rockets
  • BM-21 Grad Rocket Launcher - Caliber: 122 mm rockets
  • M224 Mortar - Caliber: 60 mm, Barrel Length: 930 mm (36.6 inches)
  • M252 Mortar - Caliber: 81 mm, Barrel Length: 1,661 mm (65.4 inches)
  • Artillery, in military science, crew-served big guns, howitzers, or mortars having a calibre greater than that of small arms, or infantry weapons. Rocket launchers are also commonly categorized as artillery, since rockets perform much the same function as artillery projectiles, but the term artillery is more properly limited to large gun-type weapons using an exploding propellant charge to shoot a projectile along an unpowered trajectory.
  • Total Strength is calculated as a summary of towed artillery, self-propelled artillery and rocket projectors.

Download Table Data

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Country
Total Strength
Towed Artillery Strength
Self Propelled Artillery Strength
Multiple Launch Rocket Projector
Russia14,7984,3366,5753,887
North Korea12,9205,0005,0002,920
South Korea9,3475,6763,090581
China7,3741,4342,7953,145
Pakistan6,4083,3451,2251,838
Egypt5,2532,1891,4891,575
India4,9113,3111001,500
Syria4,2133,225319669
United States4,0551,3391,0001,716
Iran3,7152,0505801,085
Turkey3,6612,1071,038516
Myanmar2,6851,869230586
Vietnam2,5496501,349550
Ukraine2,489889953647
Taiwan2,1471,760272115
Iraq2,1311,426281424
Greece1,471729590152
Israel1,250300650300
Romania1,16491047207
Kazakhstan1,109456246407
Belarus1,071330488253
Algeria1,005483224298
Finland85266211575
Saudi Arabia851332333186
Bulgaria848150506192
Angola81862528165
Japan81748023899
Azerbaijan809319167323
Cambodia79832018460
Brazil76054613678
Morocco71221145348
Poland695490205
Turkmenistan69045773160
Jordan6338446188
Indonesia63041415363
Ethiopia602319100183
Cuba57739710080
Lebanon4883748430
Bangladesh4703703070
Sudan4493892040
Georgia441173103165
Nicaragua435272163
Mongolia430300130
Eritrea42915654219
Nigeria4063393037
Kyrgyzstan3963116421
Peru3712862461
Croatia36123125105
Armenia35714538174
Uzbekistan340197143
Thailand3282565022
Philippines31129912
Chile306250488
Hungary30529510
Argentina2731727526
Sri Lanka25623422
Malaysia25019654
United Kingdom2441268929
Serbia244729082
Spain23614096
South Africa2328249101
North Macedonia2211911812
Laos219874587
Venezuela2131047336
DR Congo1981251657
Italy1971086821
Oman1951681512
United Arab Emirates16412440
Singapore161894824
Germany15912138
Ecuador15514015
Bosnia and Herzegovina118101098
Colombia1161106
France115129013
Portugal1068224
Tunisia105105
Kuwait1017427
Bolivia100100
Zambia9842650
Mexico908010
Cameroon90521820
Bahrain90323820
Guatemala8888
Yemen75401025
Slovakia7594125
Lithuania755421
Uruguay746464
Qatar74124616
Afghanistan736013
Netherlands722349
Kenya715318
El Salvador7070
Norway695712
Botswana68361220
Czech Republic6666
Latvia65596
Mali601545
Uganda5927626
Honduras5656
Paraguay5656
Austria5353
Slovenia493685
Australia4848
Sweden4848
Namibia453510
Dominican Republic4040
South Sudan392415
Chad3551020
Gabon32428
New Zealand3131
Libya3030
Montenegro301218
Senegal26206
Ghana21615
Denmark1919
Burkina Faso17125
Tajikistan13103
Ivory Coast1046
showing: 118 rows

Which country has the most powerful artillery?

Russia has the most powerful artillery, with a total strength of 14,798.

Frequently Asked Questions

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