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Barley Production 2021 (tons)

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Barley Production by Country 2024

Barley is a type of grass grown in temperate areas around the world. It is a vital crop used in food for both people and animals. In fact, it ranked as the fourth most-grown grain after corn, rice, and wheat.

Common Barley Uses

While humans and animals can consume barley, most production goes to animal feed. The percentage of barley used for this purpose depends on the country, but the worldwide average is 70% of the barely produced becomes animal feed.

The remaining 30% of global barley production goes toward human use for food or malt. Barley malt is a vital component of many types of whiskey and beer. Of the portion of barley used for human consumption, 90% goes toward malt production.

As a food, some countries have a longer tradition of eating barley than others. Globally, Morocco consumes the most barley in food products

Barley straw provides minor uses in animal feed and bedding.

Barley Growing

Farmers can plant barley in the spring or fall for a summer harvest. Some places, such as the United States and Ukraine, will have two plantings in both spring and fall to increase the summer harvest.

Most places in the Northern Hemisphere have completed harvests of barley by the beginning of October while Southern Hemisphere locations complete harvest by February, during their summer.

Global Barley Production

Worldwide production of barley for 2023 was 141 million metric tons. However, the previous year from 2022, the world grew 151 million metric tons. In 2021, production fell between the two values at 145 million metric tons.

Countries with the Greatest Barley Production

Locations that grew the greatest amount of barley depend on the source. For example, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) combines countries of the European Union (EU) in its calculations. Per this information, the EU produced the most barley in 2023, 48 million metric tons or 34% of the world's production. The EU also topped the list in 2021, growing 52 million metric tons.

Another source, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the UN, separates out the EU countries. That source's most recent data for 2023 comes from 2021. In that year, Russia grew the most barley, 17.99 million metric tons.

Places that Grew the Least Amounts of Barley

Among countries that had reported or estimated values for barley production in 2021, Guatemala produced the least, 18.14 metric tons. Qatar produced 115 metric tons for second-to-last position in 2021.

  • Data have been rounded to the nearest whole ton.
  • For countries that lack official data, the best available estimates, imputed values, or data from international organizations have been used.

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Country
Barley Production 2021 (tons)
Barley Production 2020 (tons)
Barley Production 2019 (tons)
Russia17,995,90820,938,99320,489,088
Australia14,648,58110,127,1758,818,946
France11,321,32010,273,57013,565,420
Germany10,411,10010,769,200111,591,500
Ukraine9,437,0207,636,3408,916,780
Spain9,275,92011,465,3507,744,150
United Kingdom6,961,0008,117,0008,048,000
Canada6,848,13710,740,60010,382,600
Turkey5,750,0008,300,0007,600,000
Argentina4,036,1304,483,0623,784,823
Denmark3,462,1704,154,5603,624,560
Poland2,961,6502,948,3503,311,570
Iran2,814,2642,940,6603,600,000
Morocco2,780,345645,0321,161,183
United States2,562,0303,719,0103,755,720
Kazakhstan2,366,8053,659,2603,830,069
Ethiopia2,350,0002,261,2652,378,010
China2,000,0002,036,0002,011,000
Romania1,981,0301,141,0101,879,950
Czech Republic1,749,1301,816,1801,718,060
Hungary1,711,6301,483,9501,383,260
India1,660,0001,721,8301,633,070
Ireland1,506,4101,347,4601,479,600
Azerbaijan1,116,729992,439988,184
Italy1,091,9701,123,7301,104,990
Belarus1,077,0001,375,0151,098,189
Sweden1,060,4001,513,5001,546,500
Finland1,045,5001,397,9701,701,960
Mexico1,032,812864,293964,083
Uruguay888,800606,700637,800
Austria742,530864,860828,130
Bulgaria704,070566,320563,150
Norway608,800638,500565,500
Slovakia592,740679,400599,560
Algeria555,3641,213,1371,647,746
Serbia553,924490,115373,340
Lithuania500,410705,910588,450
Brazil452,827387,146405,615
Tunisia430,100466,000912,000
Estonia396,370561,120523,140
Saudi Arabia383,333438,084616,074
Greece331,970398,580366,580
South Africa331,100588,000345,000
New Zealand325,057337,666383,651
Croatia309,770325,520278,600
Belgium300,070329,470401,060
Kyrgyzstan274,082510,208465,864
Iraq266,5811,756,2001,518,471
Moldova253,400106,763168,060
Syria252,3262,245,7913,053,124
Japan234,800221,700222,700
Peru219,846203,422210,298
Latvia215,800308,800305,400
Netherlands196,590246,190242,370
Tajikistan196,000150,000156,240
Switzerland171,138193,489190,167
Thailand169,953162,000145,000
Chile157,531193,166210,890
North Macedonia151,435147,711138,453
Afghanistan122,693127,757123,576
Slovenia119,130122,180102,480
Egypt102,793109,041106,981
Uzbekistan95,828161,539133,496
South Korea88,52398,397136,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina86,27988,74674,462
Libya70,00070,00070,000
Eritrea65,00065,00065,000
Georgia58,10045,40053,500
Zimbabwe56,50355,85755,198
North Korea50,88657,00055,900
Portugal49,72061,95071,650
Bolivia48,18047,56747,951
Pakistan41,85647,19954,685
Armenia38,00089,98668,333
Jordan35,00086,61566,618
Kenya33,11734,95385,781
Lebanon30,00030,00032,000
Nepal29,43331,14730,550
Luxembourg29,04033,02036,050
Cyprus25,61041,63030,400
Tanzania20,54620,50420,019
Palestine20,27920,11620,012
Yemen20,0002,10026,933
Turkmenistan20,00018,20115,457
Albania15,31012,6457,942
Ecuador14,68114,10713,450
Mongolia11,6873,2352,512
Israel9,80015,48010,800
Zambia8,55610,7848,417
Iceland7,4907,2877,900
Colombia6,2906,1528,527
Kuwait4,6226,4435,533
Oman2,1883,9441,901
Mauritania1,4361,4411,438
Montenegro1,011934983
DR Congo976977974
Bhutan8571,1231,026
Lesotho481480482
Bangladesh174124157
Qatar115266229
Guatemala181818
Total145,623,916157,686,117258,829,934
showing: 101 rows

Which country produces the most barley?

Russia produces the most barley, harvesting almost 18 million metric tonnes annually.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources